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Transcript of cooperative learning
“How do I keep my students meaningfully busy?”
José O. Torres
From Traditional to Cooperative Learning
"A good class is a quiet class." "Learning involves healthy noise."
"Keep your eyes on your papers." "Help your partners solve it."
"Sit quietly." "Get up and look what others did."
"Talking is cheating." "Verbalize to learn."
More interaction S-S
Effective peer correction
More reliable feedback
STT increases and TTT decreases
More enjoyable classes
Students work together in small teams and learn through interaction with each other while the teacher coaches the process.
5 Major Phases
1. Teacher clarifies goals, provides a hook and introductory information
2. Organize student teams with clearly defined roles
3. Facilitate team activities, including academic learning, social skills & cooperative behavior
4. Assess student knowledge throughout the process and/or by team presentations
5. Recognize both group & individual efforts such as active participation and taking responsibility for learning
What is the teacher's role?
The teacher (T) designs meaningful tasks.
T sets the goal to be achieved.
T acts as a facilitator.
T provides feedback and assessment of the group´s progress.
Timing and Task Structure
Assignation of roles
Some Commonly used Techniques
Silent Cards Shuffle
Students using cell phones and Social networks in the class.
3-minutes talk (group)
Students think to themselves on a topic provided by the teacher; they pair up with another student to discuss it; then, they share their thoughts with the class.
Step 1: silent card classification (talking is not allowed)
Step 2: Justify and Refine (in their own groups)
Step 3: Circle and Observe (the representative stays in the group)
Step 4: Return and Refine
Step 5: Teacher Debriefing
Students work in small teams, and the T assigns a topic.
T gives 5 minutes for Ss to discuss so that all team members get ready to share in front of the whole class.
The whole team goes to the front and present its topic orally.
All team members participate defending the topic; the challenge is to speak for 3 or 5 minutes without stopping, so if one of the students hesitates too much, T calls out "switch" and another student helps.
What makes a good teacher?
Place signs with "strongly agree," "agree", "strongly disagree" and "disagree" in each corner; give Ss a statement that requires evaluation. Ss go to the corner that matches their opinion.
Students discuss with their group member to justify their choices.
T asks a representative of the group to share their ideas with the whole class
Why should I shift to Cooperative Learning?