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The Electromagnetic Spectrum

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Jessica Mello

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of The Electromagnetic Spectrum

The Electromagnetic Spectrum By Jessica Mello Radio Waves Microwaves Infrared Waves Ultra Violet X-rays Visible Light Gamma Rays These waves are mainly used in radios, cell phones, and televisions

Frequency- < 3 x 10^6

Wavelength- >10cm

Dangers- may cause cancer, and other diseases

Radio waves are created by transmitters, and given off by stars, sparks, and lightning

These waves can go through the atmosphere but they might bounce off of the ionosphere These waves are used in many things, for example remote controls for TVs and video recorders.

Wavelength- 0.01 - 7 x 10^5

Frequency- 3 x 10^12 - 4.3 x 10^14


These waves are given off by anything that is warm

Yes. but some frequencies may be absorbed or scattered We use light to see. Lights could also be used in lasers. Lasers are used in Compact Disc & DVD players

Wavelength- 400nm-700nm

Frequency- 4.3 x 10^14 - 7.5 x 10^14

Dangers- to much light can damage eyes

They are given off by anything that's hot enough
to glow.

These waves go through the atmosphere These are used to get sun tans, and can be used to make clothes light up.

Wavelength-4 x 10^5 - 10^7

Frequency- 7.5 x 10^14 - 3 x 10^17

Dangers- can cause skin cancers and damage the retina of your eye

They are made by special lamps
No they can not go through the atmosphere X-rays are used by doctors, and in airport security to see through people

Wavelength- 10^7 - 10^9

Frequency- 3 x 10^17 - 3 x 10^19

Dangers- can cause head cancer and cell damage

X-rays are given off by stars, and the machines work by firing a beam of electrons at a target.

No they can not go through the atmosphere These are used to kill cancer cells.

Wavelength- < 10-9

Frequency- greater than 10 19 Hz

Dangers- can cause cell damage, and mutations in growing tissues

Gamma rays are given off by stars, and by some radioactive substances.

No they do not go through the atmosphere These waves can be used to heat up or cook food.

Wave length- 10 - 0.01

Frequency- 3 x 10^9 - 3 x 10^12

Dangers- It can cause cataracts, and can affect part of your brain.

These waves are created by transmitters, and can be given off by stars.

These waves can go through the atmosphere The End
Full transcript