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Edo Japan

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Emmanuel Ojo

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Edo Japan

Reasons for Isolation in Japan
Technology and Science
Japan couldn't get ideas from other countries nor share ideas with other countries due them being isolated.

Because of isolation they could not keep up with the other countries.

They had to figure out things by themselves.
The Western country that influenced Japan and why
The Dutch were the only foreign people who could enter Japan during Isolation.

The Dutch only wanted to trade.
Key people in creating isolation
Tokugawa Shogunate

Took control after defeating all opposing feudal lords
Replaced all lords with friends and allies
Felt that they needed a new leader
Banned Christianity
Placing foreigners under tighter restriction
Forcing the Portuguese merchants and other foreigners away from the country.
Isolation ended in 1853.

The period of self-imposed national isolation came to a dramatic end in 1853 when four American battleships arrived in Edo Bay.

The US demanded that it be allowed to trade with Japan.
The impacts isolation had on society
It caused them to think outsiders were hostile. They would only know their society and how it works.

They also had very little knowledge of the outside world and a narrow worldview.

New class structure and hierarchical society formed.

Able to create a unique religion.

Some values such as personal freedom came at a cost.
Learn how to live in smaller spaces.

Cut into the side of mountains to make farm able land.

Build stronger buildings to survive natural disasters like earthquakes.

Became a farming society.
Key people in getting Japan out of isolation
Matthew Perry

He came into Japan with four ships.
He brought a letter from the President of the United States.
He made Japan sign a treaty for countries to be allowed to trade with Japan.

Group of Samurai's

They abolished the shogunate (Put an end to the shogunate)
They restored the emperor to power in the Meiji Restoration, believing that only the emperor could help Japan in its time of change

The Western countries that influenced Japan
The Dutch

The Dutch forced the isolated country of Japan to allow them to enter their country so they can trade.

The Dutch only wanted to trade not to convert them into another religion.

The social structure setup during isolation
It was very hierarchical you could not move up in the hierarchy.

Closing of Isolation
Isolation period vs Post Isolation period
Self sufficiency

Rejection of missionaries

Shogun wouldn't allow foreigners to enter Japan

Christianity was spreading in Japan
Isolation period

Peace and prosperity
Economy was booming because it was stable
Less violence
Made their own unique culture ex: Sumo wrestling, painting, sculpture and caligraphy
After Isolation Period

Allowing trade with other countries
Got loads of ideas from other countries
Feudal system plummeted and lower ranks thrived

Maintain a cultural lifestyle
http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2128.html Edo period
Edo Periord, May 27th, 2014

End of Isolation, May 26th, 2014

Japanese Social Structure, May 24th, 2014

Japan Isolationism, May 26th, 2014

The opening of Japan, May 26th, 2014

Tokugawa Shogunate, May 27th, 2014
Full transcript