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European Exploration Timeline
Transcript of European Exploration Timeline
By: Sophia Antunes
1400 1700 1492: Christopher Columbus was the first European to reach North America, but believed he found a new sea route to Asia. He even called the Native Americans "Indians" because he thought he had reached India. 1522: Ferdinand Magellan's last remaining ship completed the journey of circumnavigating the world. Magellan was killed before the voyage was complete, and only 18 of the original crew members survived. 1534: Pizarro and his men had taken over the entire Inca Empire. The Spanish had an advantage over the Native Americans because of their guns, the diseases they brought with them unintentionally, and their steel swords. Horses also gave them an advantage because the Inca were intimidated by the horses, and the Spaniards were higher up on the horse to be able to kill enemies more easily. 1512: Juan Ponce de Leon discovered the coast of present-day Florida. He also searched for the Fountain of Youth, but failed to find it. Ponce de Leon was given permission to colonize Florida but failed to. 1541: Hernando de Soto was the first European to find the Mississippi River. 1638: The first Swedish settlement was established in North America. It was called Fort Christina and located along the Delaware River. However, in 1655, the governor of New Netherland conquered New Sweden, but allowed it to be called the "Swedish Nation." 1510: Spain made the selling of slaves legal in its colonies. 1588: The huge Spanish Armada was defeated by the small, faster fleet of English sea dogs. Spain was tired of English piracy, and the fact that the Queen of England was protestant. 1517: Martin Luther protested some of the practices of the Catholic Church. The church was becoming corrupt, so the Protestant Reformation began. The printing press helped spread word of the reformation throughout Europe, starting in Germany. Martin Luther posted the 95 Thesis, a document with 95 criticisms of the Church. Early 1400's: Prince Henry the Navigator set up a school for navigation and an observatory. Although the Portuguese Prince never set sail himself, he helped improve methods of sailing and navigation. Caravel - A ship that had triangular sails and a large rudder to sail into the wind and turn more easily. 1520's (Through 1860's): About 12 Million Africans were shipped to the Americas as slaves between the 1520's and the 1860's, and more than 10 million survived the voyage. The journey across the Atlantic Ocean that slaves had to suffer through was called the Middle Passage. The spreading of slaves throughout the New World was known as the African Diaspora. 1609: The English sailor Henry Hudson was hired by the Dutch in search of the Northwest Passage. Hudson never found the Northwest Passage, but he discovered present-day New York in 1609, and he discovered Hudson Bay. 1497 & 1498: John Cabot, and Italian sailor, made voyages to North America for England. Many people believe he traveled along the coast of Newfoundland, in present-day Canada. He had been in search of the Northwest Passage, or an all-water route through North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific, which many Europeans were in search of. However, he never found the Northwest Passage. Cabot's voyage.