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05.02 Ionic and Covalent Bonds

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Vanessa D

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of 05.02 Ionic and Covalent Bonds

05.02 Ionic and Covalent Bonds
The Covalent Bonded Group Names
Ozone
Damion -(O3)
Hydrogen
Friday - (H2)
Samantha
Water
- (H2O)
Methane
Shang - (CH4)
Ammonia
Lattie - (NH3)
Carbon Dioxide
- (CO2)
Carbon Tetrachloride
- (C2H6)
Propane
Picises - (C3H8)
Butane Isobutane
- (C4H10)
What This Orientation was about
This Freshman orientation was about the importance of being a compound. The ionic and covalent compounds was in agreement about being compounds but they had a hard time agreeing with each other on the topic of liking each other. It was said by an ionic compound that "Ionic and Covalent compounds are not likable to each other!! We only are likable to our own chemical compounds! We are'nt going to get along just because the school says that we should!"

Poem read by THE IONICS:
Ionic
Conclusion
In conclusion, This orientation went well until the ionic compounds started to eye the molecule compounds and well.... Lets just say that it wasn't very nice when bombs started to go off, was that sudden blackout, and the loss of half of the covalent compounds and a quarter of a half of the ionic compounds. That is Why there were so many deaths in that auditorium that day. Let there be peace for the ionic and covalent bonds that left.
Starting Point
Monday, August 26, 2013
This is the time that the new Freshman Class of Electrons is going to have their orientation. In this orientation, there will be only Juniors and seniors talking about the rules the Freshman Class of Electrons has, the different types of activities each group of electrons has, and the characteristics between each group of electrons. There are two groups of electrons in this orientation. The first group, which is the Ionic Bonded group, goes with the Juniors. And the second group , which is the Covalent Bonded group, goes with the Seniors.
The Ionic Bonded Group Names
Sodium Bromide - (NaBr)
Potassium Bromide - (KBr)
Sodium Chlorine - (NaCl)
Sodium Fluoride - (NaF)
Potassium Iodine - (KI)
Potassium Chlorine - (KCl)
Calcium Chloride - (CaCl2)
Potassium Oxide - (K2O)
Isopentane Neopentane Pentane
- (C5H12)
Hexane
Cox - (C6H14)
Heptane
Grant - (C7H16)
Octane
Sub - (C8H18)
Nonane
Rejuis - (C9H20)
Decane
Dorvil - (C10H22)
Magnesium Oxide - (MgO)
Hydrogen Chloride - (NCl)
Magnesium Chloride - (MgCl)
Silver Chloride - (AgCl)
Lead Chloride - (PbCl2)
Magnesium - (MgPO3)
Iron Ioxide - (Fe2O3)
Calcium Sulfate - (CaSO4)
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Electrons
Electrons
What exactly is Ionic & Covalent Bonding?
An ionic bond is the attraction of a positievly charged ion to a negetively charged ion. Because of their opposite attraction, ionic bonds are super strong. When atoms combine in an ionic bond, an ionic compound is formed. Sodium and chlorine forms an ionic bond. When a chlorine atom gains an electron, it forms a chloride ion. The symbol for the chloride ion is Cl-. The chloride ion has more electrons than protons, and therefore has a negative charge. It has one extra electron, so its charge is -1. The symbol Cl- shows this charge. The positive sodium ion and the negative chloride ion attract each other. This attraction is a type of chemical bond called an ionic bond. An ionic bond forms between ions with opposite charges. A compound that contains ionic bonds is called an ionic compound. In this example, the ionic compound sodium chloride (table salt) is formed. This creates the ionic compound called Sodium Chloride.
For some atoms, it takes too much energy to completely gain or lose one or more electrons. In these cases, atoms share electrons to form a covalent bond. Each covalent bond is made of two shared electrons. The shared electrons are attracted to the nuclei of both atoms in the bond. Atoms that are covalenty bonded together form a particle that contains the same number of positive and negative charges. The neutral particle formed when atoms form a covalent bond called a molecule. Atoms that bond covalently form covalent compounds, A.K.A molecular componds. An example of a molecular compound that contains covalent bonds is water (H2O).
A water molecule is made of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms. Look at the diagram of the water molecule. An oxygen atom has six valence electrons. It needs two more electrons to complete its outer energy level. A hydrogen atom has one valence electron. Hydrogen is the exception to the octet rule. It only requires two electrons to complete its outer energy level. Each hydrogen atom shares its one valence electron with the oxygen atom. By sharing their valence electrons, the atoms in a covalent bond completes their outer energy level and form a more stable structure.
Ionic bonds are basically formed between metals and non-metals.
Covalent bonds are basically formed between non-metals.
So why do electrons bond? In a covalent bond, some atoms does not have enough energy to completely gain or lose an electron. So those atoms share electrons to form a covalent bond. A covalent bond, as I said before, is made of two or more shared electrons. But in an ionic bond,
Atoms that are covalenty bonded together form a particle that contains the same number of positive and negative charges. The neutral particle formed when atoms form a covalent bond called a molecule. An ionic bond is basically the attraction of a postively charged ion to a negatively charged ion. Because of their opposite attraction, ionic bonds/ ionic compounds are very strong.
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