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Sexually transmitted infections (STI)

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by

Linnea Chao

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of Sexually transmitted infections (STI)

Brainstorm
"Mind Mapping" Method
sti's:
The basics

BRAINSTORM
ELEMENTS
copy and paste as needed and take advantage of an infinite canvas!
Write the primary idea of the mind map in the center. Use different color notes to differentiate between topics. Use lines and arrows to create branches that connect ideas to each other.
Gonorrhea
Syphilis
Genital Herpes Simplex Virus
Genital Warts
STI
=
s
exually
t
ransmitted
i
nfection
What do sti's have to do with me?
Types of sti's
bacterial
viral
Parasitic
What are the warning signs?
change in vaginal discharge
discharge from penis
burning upon urination
sores/new growths around genital area or anus
itching or new/foul genital or anal odor
But...
Most people
show NO symptoms
Bacterial
acquired through vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected partner
Most common bacterial STI in Canada
accounts for 51% of infectious diseases reported (phac 2008)
Bacterial
acquired through vaginal, anal, and oral sex with an infected partner
Also known as:
The Clap
The Drip
The Dose
2nd most commonly reported bacterial STI in Canada (phac 2008)
highest rates were among adolescents 15-19 years old (phac 2008)

Chlamydia
Bacterial
acquired through vaginal, anal, and oral sex with an infected partner 0r skin contact with infection
Also known as: The Pox
Can be extremely serious if not treated
Viral
Life long persistent infection
Spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex or skin to skin contact with an infected person.
Asymptomatic shedding- no outward symptoms but virus can still be spread from one person to another
Caused by the
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex and through skin contact with an infected person.
Many people do not show any symptoms
Warts are often recurrent and persistent
Complications-gonorrhea
Arthritis
Urinary tract complications
Epididymitis (inflammation of the coiled tube at the back of the testicles; carries sperm)
Infertility
PID: Pelvic
Inflammatory Disease
Arthritis
Ectopic Pregnancy
Infertility
Stages of syphilis
Primary
occurs 1-9 weeks after initial infection
development of chancre
chancre: painless sore or lesion on or around genitalia or mouth
chancre can disappear HOWEVER, the bacteria will remain in your body and spread
Secondary
Initial infection up to one year
Possible symptoms:
Body rash- usually on hands, feet, stomach, or back
Lumps or warts - on the genital or anal area
Flu-like symptoms
Hair loss

Latent
Early latent:
1-2 years after infection
occasional relapse of secondary stage symptoms (rash etc.)
if infection remains untreated, will progress to late latent stage

Late Latent:
up to 25 years after initial infection
outward symptoms are absent-bacteria now attacking internal organs
serious complications include damage to central nervous system (CNS), cardiovascular system, eyes, skin, & other internal organs and potentially fatal
Bacterial STI testing
swab or urine test for chlamydia
gonorrhea & vaginitis
blood test for syphillis
early and routine testing is key
prevention
Abstinence: safest form of prevention
barrier method


treatment
can be cured with antibiotics
HOWEVER,
don't rely on antibiotics
as cure
many bacterial STIs are asymptomatic (show NO symptoms) & if left untreated can cause serious side effects
Types of Herpes
Type 1
Type 2
mouth
cold sores
Herpes Simplex 1
genitals
Herpes Simplex 2
**
Both type 1 & 2 of the virus can be spread to both the mouth or genitals
HPV complications
cervical cancer-can be treated
easily if caught early!
prevention
pap smear
cells of a woman's cervix are scraped & examined for abnormalities
performed by a doctor
do NOT test for STIs directly
Gardasil or cervarix vaccine
Gardasil:
Protects against 4 HPV strains: Types 6, 11, 16 and 18
age 9-26 years old
these 4 strains account for 90% of genital warts cases reported & 70% of cervical cancer cases
also approved for males
Viral STi's
HIV & Aids
HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIDS= HIV
+
Opportunistic Infection
What are opportunistic infections?:
TB (tuberculosis), Pneumonia, Cytomegalovirus



HOW is Hiv transmitted?
1. Unprotected Vaginal & Anal Sex
2. Injection Drug Use
3. Mother-to-child transmission
What fluids transmit HIV?
blood
vaginal & seminal fluids
pre-ejaculate
anal secretions
breast milk
Bacterial STI's
Scabies
Healthy Relationships
Protecting yourself
abstinence
barrier methods
condoms-male & female
**
Always use a barrier method
Healthy

vs.

Unhealthy
Happiness
Trust
Equality
Mutual respect
Support
Acceptance
Honesty
Independence
Fun
Jealousy
Lies
Abuse (emotional, physical, sexual)
Manipulation
Inequality
Blaming
Fear
Barrier use
before
using a condom:
check the expiry date
check to see if the seal is broken (make sure you can feel a cushion of air)
Store
condoms in a cool, dry place out of direct sunlight. Do NOT store in wallets or cars or expose to extreme temperatures
Remember: Condoms should be put on before any genital contact to prevent exposure to bodily fluids
Scabies
SCABIES
Scabies are mites (tiny insects) that burrow into the skin and lay their eggs, causing an itchy rash.
They are spread through sexual or other close personal contact, and through sharing bed sheets, clothes, or towels with an infected person.
Treatment: scabies can be treated with medication (usually creams) and all bedding and clothing must be washed in hot water so that all of the mites and eggs are killed.
Pubic Lice
Pubic lice are small parasites that look like crabs and live off of human blood
Transmitted through sexual or other close skin to skin contact as well as in clothing or on bedding
Treatment: includes medicated lotions and combing out lice and their eggs. All clothing and bedding must be washed in hot water.
PArasitic
STI's

Hepatitis B
Cervarix:
Protects against 2 HPV strains: Types 16 & 18
females ages 10-25 years old
Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver
Three types Hepatitis A, B & C
How is Hepatitis B transmitted?
blood
semen & pre-ejaculate
vaginal secretions
Preventing Transmission:
Safer sex practices
immunization
clean needle use

resources
STD Center
11111 Jasper Avenue Northwest
(780) 342-2300
Kids Help Phone
Birth control center
10030 107 Street Northwest #405
(780) 735-0010
Kids Help Phone
Birth control center
10030 107 Street Northwest #405
(780) 735-0010
What do STI's have to do with me?
1 in 4 people living in North America will have an STI at some point in their life
Activity Time!!
Handshake Virus Game
Melissa Foley-Simpson School health nurse
email:Melissa.Foley@albertahealthservices.ca
cancer of the penis and anus
Viral STI Testing
Herpes and HPV
are diagnosed with swab tests
Hepatitis and HIV
are diagnosed with blood tests
Early and routine testing is key
VIRAL STI PREVENTION
Use of a barrier method and safer sex practices will
REDUCE
the likelihood of transmission
Condoms are not 100% effective for viruses that can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact because areas of exposed skin are at risk
Viral STI TREATMENT
NOT
curable
Symptoms can be treated with various medication but the virus will always be present in the body
Vaginitis
can be caused by a
bacteria, yeast or parasite
called
trichomoniasis
(
which is an organism transmitted during sexual intercourse
)
not necessarily caused through sexual intercourse
other causes: antibiotics, birth control, perfumed bath or feminine hygiene products or abundant growth of normal vaginal bacteria
Signs & Symptoms of Vaginitis:
YEAST: clumpy, white discharge from the vagina
itching and redness around vagina
BACTERIAL: "fishy" odor, gray or yellow discharge, burning
TRICHOMONISIS: foamy yellow/green discharge, foul odor, burning & itching
See your doctor if you think you may have a yeast infection as many STI's can present with similar symptoms
Thank You!
Q
u
e
s
t
i
o
n
s
?
?
Full transcript