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Sexually transmitted infections (STI)
Transcript of Sexually transmitted infections (STI)
"Mind Mapping" Method
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Write the primary idea of the mind map in the center. Use different color notes to differentiate between topics. Use lines and arrows to create branches that connect ideas to each other.
Genital Herpes Simplex Virus
What do sti's have to do with me?
Types of sti's
What are the warning signs?
change in vaginal discharge
discharge from penis
burning upon urination
sores/new growths around genital area or anus
itching or new/foul genital or anal odor
show NO symptoms
acquired through vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected partner
Most common bacterial STI in Canada
accounts for 51% of infectious diseases reported (phac 2008)
acquired through vaginal, anal, and oral sex with an infected partner
Also known as:
2nd most commonly reported bacterial STI in Canada (phac 2008)
highest rates were among adolescents 15-19 years old (phac 2008)
acquired through vaginal, anal, and oral sex with an infected partner 0r skin contact with infection
Also known as: The Pox
Can be extremely serious if not treated
Life long persistent infection
Spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex or skin to skin contact with an infected person.
Asymptomatic shedding- no outward symptoms but virus can still be spread from one person to another
Caused by the
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex and through skin contact with an infected person.
Many people do not show any symptoms
Warts are often recurrent and persistent
Urinary tract complications
Epididymitis (inflammation of the coiled tube at the back of the testicles; carries sperm)
Stages of syphilis
occurs 1-9 weeks after initial infection
development of chancre
chancre: painless sore or lesion on or around genitalia or mouth
chancre can disappear HOWEVER, the bacteria will remain in your body and spread
Initial infection up to one year
Body rash- usually on hands, feet, stomach, or back
Lumps or warts - on the genital or anal area
1-2 years after infection
occasional relapse of secondary stage symptoms (rash etc.)
if infection remains untreated, will progress to late latent stage
up to 25 years after initial infection
outward symptoms are absent-bacteria now attacking internal organs
serious complications include damage to central nervous system (CNS), cardiovascular system, eyes, skin, & other internal organs and potentially fatal
Bacterial STI testing
swab or urine test for chlamydia
gonorrhea & vaginitis
blood test for syphillis
early and routine testing is key
Abstinence: safest form of prevention
can be cured with antibiotics
don't rely on antibiotics
many bacterial STIs are asymptomatic (show NO symptoms) & if left untreated can cause serious side effects
Types of Herpes
Herpes Simplex 1
Herpes Simplex 2
Both type 1 & 2 of the virus can be spread to both the mouth or genitals
cervical cancer-can be treated
easily if caught early!
cells of a woman's cervix are scraped & examined for abnormalities
performed by a doctor
do NOT test for STIs directly
Gardasil or cervarix vaccine
Protects against 4 HPV strains: Types 6, 11, 16 and 18
age 9-26 years old
these 4 strains account for 90% of genital warts cases reported & 70% of cervical cancer cases
also approved for males
HIV & Aids
HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
What are opportunistic infections?:
TB (tuberculosis), Pneumonia, Cytomegalovirus
HOW is Hiv transmitted?
1. Unprotected Vaginal & Anal Sex
2. Injection Drug Use
3. Mother-to-child transmission
What fluids transmit HIV?
vaginal & seminal fluids
condoms-male & female
Always use a barrier method
Abuse (emotional, physical, sexual)
using a condom:
check the expiry date
check to see if the seal is broken (make sure you can feel a cushion of air)
condoms in a cool, dry place out of direct sunlight. Do NOT store in wallets or cars or expose to extreme temperatures
Remember: Condoms should be put on before any genital contact to prevent exposure to bodily fluids
Scabies are mites (tiny insects) that burrow into the skin and lay their eggs, causing an itchy rash.
They are spread through sexual or other close personal contact, and through sharing bed sheets, clothes, or towels with an infected person.
Treatment: scabies can be treated with medication (usually creams) and all bedding and clothing must be washed in hot water so that all of the mites and eggs are killed.
Pubic lice are small parasites that look like crabs and live off of human blood
Transmitted through sexual or other close skin to skin contact as well as in clothing or on bedding
Treatment: includes medicated lotions and combing out lice and their eggs. All clothing and bedding must be washed in hot water.
Protects against 2 HPV strains: Types 16 & 18
females ages 10-25 years old
Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver
Three types Hepatitis A, B & C
How is Hepatitis B transmitted?
semen & pre-ejaculate
Safer sex practices
clean needle use
11111 Jasper Avenue Northwest
Kids Help Phone
Birth control center
10030 107 Street Northwest #405
Kids Help Phone
Birth control center
10030 107 Street Northwest #405
What do STI's have to do with me?
1 in 4 people living in North America will have an STI at some point in their life
Handshake Virus Game
Melissa Foley-Simpson School health nurse
cancer of the penis and anus
Viral STI Testing
Herpes and HPV
are diagnosed with swab tests
Hepatitis and HIV
are diagnosed with blood tests
Early and routine testing is key
VIRAL STI PREVENTION
Use of a barrier method and safer sex practices will
the likelihood of transmission
Condoms are not 100% effective for viruses that can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact because areas of exposed skin are at risk
Viral STI TREATMENT
Symptoms can be treated with various medication but the virus will always be present in the body
can be caused by a
bacteria, yeast or parasite
which is an organism transmitted during sexual intercourse
not necessarily caused through sexual intercourse
other causes: antibiotics, birth control, perfumed bath or feminine hygiene products or abundant growth of normal vaginal bacteria
Signs & Symptoms of Vaginitis:
YEAST: clumpy, white discharge from the vagina
itching and redness around vagina
BACTERIAL: "fishy" odor, gray or yellow discharge, burning
TRICHOMONISIS: foamy yellow/green discharge, foul odor, burning & itching
See your doctor if you think you may have a yeast infection as many STI's can present with similar symptoms