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Introduction to Satire
Transcript of Introduction to Satire
ridicule of human vice or weakness, a particular
subject, figure of power, or character. Has the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack. Satirical Techniques: Exaggeration =
Hyperbole Incongruity Parody Reversal Present ideas/objects that are
out of place or are absurd
in relation to its surroundings.
This might include:
oxymoron, metaphor, & irony!! Enlarge, increase, or represent
something beyond normal
bounds so that it becomes
ridiculous...that way FAULTS
can be seen! We expose "folly"
through hyperbole! Imitate techniques and/or style
of some person, place, or thing
to ridicule it! Make fun of it!
But, the reader must have
enough background to KNOW
the what is being riduled. Present the opposite of the NORMAL.
You might reverse order of events,
like serving dessert before dinner or
having breakfast for dinner. OR you might reverse
hierarchical order, like when
a kid makes family decisions
or a student deciding school
policies. Cartoons--think political cartoons--usually use CARICATURE.
CARICATURE is exaggeration of a physical feature or trait. New fancy term: BURLESQUE!
Burlesque is the ridiculous exaggeration of language.
Think of this as burlesque:
Intelligent, formal character who should be well-spoken
speaks like a FOOL! Highlights confusion, adds insult...
OR Burlesque: an uneducated
person who is a fool uses
sophisticated, intelligent language. You remember irony?? Verbal Irony
Say something opposite of what is meant
*sarcasm is a
verbal irony Situational Irony
outcome is unexpected! Dramatic Irony
When the audience knows more about what's happening than one or more characters know! Don't go up the stairs!! NEWS IN BRIEF
Senator Honored For Work With
FEBRUARY 11, 2011 | ISSUE 47•06
HOUSTON—Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX), long a champion of the country's most
advantaged Americans, was honored for his 20 years of work with the overprivileged
Sunday. "John has dedicated his life and career to helping the uptrodden, believing in the
common billionaire oil man who just needs that extra push to be able to pick himself up
and increase his wealth and power without having to worry about paying taxes," said oil
tycoon T. Boone Pickens, adding that without Sen. Cornyn, he and dozens like him would
just barely be hanging on to their spots on Forbes magazine's World's Richest People list.
"Few men have done so much for those few who already have so much." Cornyn later
delivered a speech in which he vowed to continue his work with the nation's least needy,
after which he was presented with the key to Houston's finest gated communities.
© Copyright 2011 Onion Inc. All rights reserved. Reversal:
The rich usually don't need "help" from the government. We usually HONOR someone who helps the needy...not a senator who helps the rich get richer. Heirarchy of who NEEDS help=reversed. Ridiculous. Reversal:
Not NORMAL ORDER
for a mouse to chase
a cat! WHAAA??? Understatement minimizes what is really meant-->
related to litotes (making affirmative negative, ex: "good"
= "not bad") Horatian satire: tolerant, witty, wise and self-effacing
Juvenalian satire: angry, caustic, resentful, personal