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HEALTH & SAFETY

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Rohitha Fernando

on 6 November 2017

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Transcript of HEALTH & SAFETY

Health and Safety
HEALTH &
SAFETY
RESPONSIBILITY
HAZARD & RISK
MANAGEMENT

EMPLOYEE
INVOLVEMENT

HEALTH &
SAFETY
EDUCATION

4. H&S Procedures and practice
3.General &S Rules
2. H&S Plan
1. H&S Policy
5. Legal obligations
6. Actions
Rohitha Fernando, PhD, MPH
References

Does your workplace have a written health and safety policy?

A health and safety policy is a statement of the intention and commitment by the employer toward the health and safety of all employees at the workplace.

Does your workplace have a health and safety plan?

A health and safety plan describes the health and safety work to be done and measures progress made in the workplace on a yearly basis.
Does your workplace have general health and safety rules?


General health and safety rules are recognized health and safety practices that are mandatory and enforced throughout the entire workplace.
Does your workplace have written health and safety procedures or practices for every identified hazard?

Health and safety procedures or practices are written step-by-step instructions to be followed in a certain order for particular tasks and handling of equipment.
Are all employees made aware of their legal obligations, as stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) and regulations?

Legal obligations are health and safety duties every employee is responsible to carry out, as stated in the legislation OHS Act and regulations.
Does your workplace take actions to address health and safety?

Action means doing activities to improve health and safety in the workplace

7. Communication
Does your workplace communicate health and safety issues to employees?

Communication means to provide all employees with current, timely information and progress updates on health and safety issues.

8. Support
Is there support for health and safety activities, actions, and initiatives in your workplace?

Support means that management actively promotes and resolves health and safety issues in the workplace.

9. Well-being
Does your workplace address the health and
safety well-being of its employees?

The well-being of employees means the employer supports the health of their workforce by
implementing certain activities
and programs.

10. Health and safety
orientation
Does your workplace give health and safety orientations to all employees?

Health and safety orientation means becoming familiar with the hazards and risks of your workplace by being provided with health and safety information, explanations on how to use this information, and instructions on health and safety roles and responsibilities.

11. Participation
Are employees participating in health and safety
activities at your workplace?

Participation refers to the active involvement of employees in the improvement of their
workplace’s health and safety.
12. Required safe work practices
Are employees required to work safely at your workplace?


Required means that management expects all employees to follow safe work practices while accomplishing their job duties.

13.
Identification of
hazards and
risks
Are known hazards identified
at your workplace?

Identification means to recognize
hazards and risks

14. Control of hazards and risks
Does your workplace control for known hazards and risks?

Control means to prevent or minimize any potential harm or loss from any hazards and risks in the workplace.

15. Hazards and risks reporting
Are hazards and risks reported in your workplace?

Reporting means to inform the front-line supervisor or the person responsible for health and safety in your workplace of a hazard or risk.

16. Accident reporting
Are accidents reported in your workplace?

An accident is an event that results in harm or damage or both. An incident is an event that could result in harm or damage (a near miss).

17. Accident investigation
Are accidents that occur in your workplace investigated?
An accident investigation is a detailed search to find out the factors (who, what, where, when, how) of an accident to determine the cause(s).

19. Health and safety inspection
Are health and safety inspections conducted in your workplace?
A health and safety inspection is a planned walk-through of the workplace to identify existing or possible hazards and risks, and to recommend appropriate corrective actions.

20. Health and safety education needs
Are employees’ health and safety educational needs identified by your workplace?
Educational needs refers to the identification by the employer of any information, instruction or training that would help employees do their job safely and protect their health.

21. Health and Safety education delivery
Is health and safety education delivered to all employees in your workplace?
The delivery of health and safety education means providing the necessary information, instruction or training to help employees do their job safely and to protect their health.

22. Health and safety education effectiveness
Does your workplace track, record and measure the effectiveness of health and safety education delivery?
The effectiveness of health and safety education involves tracking and recording the delivery of the health and safety education of all employees, and evaluating whether the educational needs of the workforce are being met.

(WorkSafe NB ,n.d)
Health
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 1948).
Safety
Condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss
Health and safety
The laws, rules, and principles that are intended to keep people safe from injury or disease at work and in public places:
Shared responsibility

Obligation that is shared between worker and employer
Risk A situation involving exposure to danger
Culture
Culture is the sum of total of the learned behavior of a group of people that are generally considered to be the tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation.
Hazards
A hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment.
Rights
Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.[1] Rights are of essential importance in such disciplines as law and ethics, especially theories of justice and deontology.
Act
The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) is Ontario's cornerstone legislation (law)for workplace health and safety.
Regulation
Principle or rule (with or without the coercive power of law) employed in controlling, directing, or managing an activity, organization, or system
Due diligence
Due diligence means that employers shall take all reasonable precautions, under the particular circumstances, to prevent injuries or accidents in the workplace.

Group activity: Explain and write down the following terms in your own words and in your own language
Microsoft Health and Safety Policy
We’re committed to creating a safe and healthy work environment for you by integrating sound safety and health practices within our operations. We comply with applicable workplace safety and health regulations.(Microsoft,2016)
Environment, Health And Safety Policy
The Marketing Institute of Singapore Training Centre (MIS Training Centre) is committed to providing a safe and healthy environment for all staff, students, faculty and visitors. MIS Training Centre recognises that safety to our students, staff, faculty and visitors is crucial, and we are committed to achieving high standards in environmental, health and safety (EHS) practices. Workplace safety and health is an integral part of providing a conducive environment for teaching and learning.
(MIS,2014)
Anticipating, Recognizing, and Controlling Hazards
Duties of the employer

Here are some of the things the OHSA says every employer has to do as part of their job:

Make sure workers know about hazards and dangers in the workplace and how to work safely.
Make sure every supervisor knows how to take care of health and safety on the job
Create health and safety policies and procedures for the workplace.
Make sure everyone knows and follows the health and safety procedures.
Make sure workers wear and use the right protective equipment.
Do everything reasonable to keep workers from getting hurt or sick on the job.
Duties of the supervisor

Here are some of the things the OHSA says every supervisor has to do as part of their job:

Tell workers about hazards and dangers in the workplace and show them how to work safely
Make sure workers follow the law and the workplace health and safety policies and procedures.
Make sure workers wear and use the right protective equipment.
Do everything reasonable to keep workers from getting hurt or sick on the job.
Duties of the worker

Now here are some of the things the OHSA says every worker has to do as part of their job:

Follow the law and the workplace health and safety policies and procedures
Always wear or use the protective equipment that the employer requires.
Work and act in a way that won’t hurt them or any other worker.
Report any hazard they find in the workplace to their supervisor.
Safety Stories from the audience
Group activity; Rules
Group activity :PPE
Group activity:SOP
References

MIS (2014) “Policies; Environment, Health and safety Policy “ Marketing Institute of Singapore Training Centre
http://www.mis.edu.sg/about-us/policies
Retrieved Sep.05, 2016

Microsoft (2016) Legal Resources: Health and Safety” Microsoft
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/legal/compliance/buscond/workenvironment.aspx
Retrieved Sep.05, 2016

Ontario Ministry of Labor (2012) “Get on Board” Ontario Ministry of Labor
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/workbook/step1.php
Retrieved Sep.05, 2016

WorkSafeNB (n.d) “The 5 Fundamentals of Health & Safety” New Brunswick Health and Safety Board
http://www.worksafenb.ca/docs/522_cascade_e.pdf
Retrieved Sep.05, 2016

World Health Organization (1948) “WHO definition of Health” World Health Organization
http://www.who.int/about/definition/en/print.html
Retrieved Sep.05,2016





Ergonomic Guidelines for arranging a Computer Workstation - 10 steps for users

http://ergo.human.cornell.edu/ergoguide.html


Safety for young workers in South Australia

http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/australian-strategy/case-studies/pages/safety-for-young-workers-in-sa

Leaders can be powerful drivers

http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/australian-strategy/case-studies/pages/sa-zero-harm-project
Health and safety and the use of ICT systems
www.teach-ict.com/contributors/.../health_safety/Health%20and%20Safety.ppt
26 ELECTRICAL HAZARDS

https://www.ihsa.ca/rtf/health_safety_manual/pdfs/hazards/Electricity.pdf

https://www.ccohs.ca/products/posters/ppe/

Day 1
Day 1
Day 1
Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
Day 4
Day 5
Duties of the worker

Now here are some of the things the OHSA says every worker has to do as part of their job:

Follow the law and the workplace health and safety policies and procedures
Always wear or use the protective equipment (PPE) that the employer requires.
Work and act in a way that won’t hurt them or any other worker.
Report any hazard they find in the workplace to their supervisor

Day6
Day 5
Day 7
Day 8
Day 8
Day 9
Day 10
Day 11
Day 10
Day 11
18. Health and safety analysis
Does your workplace record (in writing) accident or injury information? A health and safety analysis is the evaluation of accident and injury information (recorded) to find the causes of accidents and injuries, and to see if there are any patterns developing in the workplace.
Day 12
Day 12
Day 13
Day 13
Day 14
Generic WHMIS
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).

https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/ohsa/
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/laws/regulations.php
https://www.google.ca/search?q=PPE&safe=active&espv=2&rlz=1C1EODB_enCA586CA587&biw=1600&bih=893&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjSj9TP6p7PAhXly4MKHXNfBoMQ_AUIBigB&dpr=0.9#safe=active&tbm=isch&q=ppe+poster&imgrc=CFtaTGZRguu3rM%3A
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/topics/certification.php
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/confined/cs_4.php
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/sawo/pubs/fs_falls.php
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/farming/gl_falls.php
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/whmis/
The Act
https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/90o01?_ga=1.181391399.1450178643.1473080053
https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/90o01?_ga=1.181391399.1450178643.1473080053
The Act
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs/poster_prevention.php
The Poster
http://aixsafety.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/IntroWHMISaix.htm
http://www.ihsa.ca/whmis_review/whmis_quiz_q3.htm
https://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/elearn/worker/
Regulations made under an Act define the application and enforcement of an Act
Regulation
Regulations under the ACT
O. Reg. 381/15 NOISE
O. Reg. 297/13 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY AWARENESS AND TRAINING
O. Reg. 33/12 OFFICES OF THE WORKER AND EMPLOYER ADVISERS
O. Reg. 490/09 DESIGNATED SUBSTANCES
O. Reg. 474/07 NEEDLE SAFETY
O. Reg. 632/05 CONFINED SPACES
O. Reg. 414/05 FARMING OPERATIONS
O. Reg. 278/05 DESIGNATED SUBSTANCE - ASBESTOS ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS AND IN BUILDINGS AND REPAIR OPERATIONS
O. Reg. 385/96 JOINT HEALTH AND SAFETY COMMITTEES - EXEMPTION FROM REQUIREMENTS
O. Reg. 243/95 CRITERIA TO BE USED AND OTHER MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED BY THE BOARD UNDER SUBSECTION 46 (6) OF ACT
O. Reg. 714/94 FIREFIGHTERS - PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
O. Reg. 629/94 DIVING OPERATIONS
O. Reg. 67/93 HEALTH CARE AND RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES
O. Reg. 213/91 CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 861 X-RAY SAFETY
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 860 WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION SYSTEM (WHMIS)
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 859 WINDOW CLEANING
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 858 UNIVERSITY ACADEMICS AND TEACHING ASSISTANTS
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 857 TEACHERS
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 856 ROLL-OVER PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 855 OIL AND GAS - OFFSHORE
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 854 MINES AND MINING PLANTS
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 852 INVENTORY OF AGENTS OR COMBINATIONS OF AGENTS FOR THE PURPOSE OF SECTION 34 OF THE ACT
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 851 INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENTS
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 834 CRITICAL INJURY - DEFINED
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 833 CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO BIOLOGICAL OR CHEMICAL AGENTS
Fill the Questionnaire ( do not put your name or student number on the paper)
Freshman Attitude, Knowledge, Perception and Behavior
Assessment Questionnaire -Occupational and Personal Health and Safety
(Dubois, E. J., 2006 & Vernon, C. et al, 2013)

Day 1
Full transcript