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China and Korea

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by

Angie Chen

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of China and Korea

China and Korea
East Asia
during the Tang dynasty
Neolithic Age
7000-2000BCE
agriculturally based settlements
Yellow River Basin
Earthenware & Stoneware
earthenware vs stoneware
decorative methods: varying chemicals in kiln, applying slip
glaze
Shang Dynasty
1600-1050 BCE
1st great Chinese dynasty of the Bronze Age
warlike, highly stratified society
Guang
Zhou Dynasty
1050-256 BCE
East and West Zhou
longest dynasty in China's history
produced before the potter's wheel
abstract motifs in red, brown, and black on a cream colored ground
Bronze-Casting
vessels for sacrifices to heaven and ancestors
using piece molds
show mastery in casting
designs and spirals integrate with the
sculptural whole
animal forms inhabit spiritual world
Tang Dynasty (581-618AD)
Golden Age of Chinese figure painting
Period of unequaled magnificence in which citizens enjoyed wealth and prosperity
During 7th and 8th centuries, the Tang Dynasty was largest on earth
painted by Yan Liben, a celebrated painter
Handscroll illustrates 13 Chinese rulers as examples of moral virtue
masterpiece of line drawing and colored washes
Emperor Xuan and Attendents
Longmen Caves & Dunhuang Grottoes
Tang dynasty supported Buddhism and therefore sponsored monuments for Buddhists
Buddha often depicted in serene majesty
Longmen caves often were colossal reliefs
Dunhuang grottoes contained sculptured images of painted unfired clay and stucco
KOREA: Unified Silla Kingdom (688-935 AD)
Korea's golden age
Silla rulers embraced Buddhism
Constructed magnificent Buddhist temples around capital of Kyongju
-People suffered with the First Emperor's reign founded the Han Dynasty in 206BCE. and ruled China for four centuries
-more liberal governing policy.
-The Silk Road
-Houses and palaces were wooden construction
-Han sculptors excelled in bronze-casting
Han Dynasty
funeral banner
T-shaped painted silk banner
painted silk
upper part represents heaven, with moon and sun
marquise is the first standing figure on the platform
earliest portraits in Chinese art
Qin Dynasty
Bi Disk
thin, flat circular piece of jade with hole in center
status symbol, taken to afterlife
dragons symbolize good fortune
221-206 BCE
after the Warring States Period
Qin Shi Huangdi consolidated rule
bureaucracy
Terracotta Army
burial mound of Shi Huangdi
~6,000 life-size painted terracotta figures of soldiers and horses, bronze horses and chariots
each figure is unique
flying horse
- from the brick tomb of General Zhang
-head tilted to one side presented the animal's body in a pure profile
-airborne horse suggests the journey from his tomb will take him to an immortal after life.
Silla Crown
gold and jade crown
major elements such as the band and spangles were cut from sheet gold
symbolize life and supernatural power
Buddhist Sokkuram
Buddhist monument preserved at Sokkuram
Quality of reliefs suggest that monument was a private chapel for royalty
Contains sculpted images of lohans, guardians, bodhisattvas that line the walls
11 foot Shakyamuni (Buddha) faces entrance and illustrates Buddha at moment of enlightenment
Han house
-ceramic models of houses deposited in Han tombs
-wooden construction
-rectangular hall with column supporting a roof
-flat sloping rooflines but curving rafters
-put together without adhesive substance
-Han palaces are just the grandiose versions of the houses with more decoration

The Silk Road
Period of Disunity
Meeting of two Buddhas
Koryo Dynasty
-A network across Central Asia linking China and the Mediterranean world.
-The Silk Road brought Buddhism to China.
-Buddhism first took root in China during the Han Dynasty.
-Also brought trade goods to China such like gold, ivory, gems....
-China traded silk with Rome.
-From 220 to 581, civil strife divided China into competing states.
-the Period of the Six Dynasties or the Northern and Southern Dynasties.
-occupation of northern China by people who were not Han Chinese.
-In the northern states, and connected to India by the Silk Road.
-Buddhism gain foothold in the north because certain practices shared with Daoism, such like withdrawal from ordinary society.

Buddhist caves
-Northern Wei dynasty, 518.
-Gilded bronze statuette.
-Transformed the Gandhara- derived style of earlier Buddhist art in China.
-represents the meeting of Shakyamuni Buddha( right) and Prabhutaratna.
-Northern Wei dynasty, the great Longmen Cave, Luoyang
-Modeled on the cave temples of India.
-rock-cut shrines decorated with sculptures and paintings.
-the Longmen site encompass 2345 shrines and more then 100000 statues and 2800 inscriptions
- attests to the importance of Buddhism in China at this time.
AD 918-1392
Koryo potters developed a rich tradition in celadon ware. They were also experimented with stone ware.
Korean celadon was so remarkable Song describe them "among the ten wonders of the world"
Song Dynasty
Liao Dynasty
AD 947-1125
It was a regime founded by the Qidan (Khitan)
In 916, a Qidan man named Yelu Abaoji established the Qidan Kingdom.
The kingdom was under the slavery system.
Its territory mainly covered the northern part of China
The production methods included not only traditional agriculture and animal husbandry but also hunting and fishery. Still, influenced by the advanced techniques of the Han people
AD 960-1279
Zhao Kuangyin established Song Dynasty.
Song inspired a renaissance in the sciences and the arts including literature
Under the Song dynasty, the Chinese invented the magnetic compass for sea navigation, printing with moveable clay type, paper money, and gunpowder. Song China was the most technologically advanced society in the world in the early second
Vairocana Buddha (676 AD)
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