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PHILOSOPHY

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Chelsea Asare

on 23 March 2015

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Transcript of PHILOSOPHY

- Utilitarianism is often categorized by two elements: happiness and consequentialism.

- Utility is found in everything which contributes to the happiness of every rational being. The criterion of good and evil is balanced between individual's happiness and the happiness of the community,

-Utilitarianism has been condemned for only looking at the results of actions, not at the desires or intentions which influence them, which is just as important.

-Case utilitarianism states that, when faced with a choice, we must first consider the consequences of potential actions in that particular case and, from that, choose to do what we believe will generate the most overall happiness ( The basis of Philosophy , 2015).

DIFFERENT PHILOSOPHERS VIEWPOINTS
Dying is not a crime.
-― Jack Kevorkian
EUTHANASIA
Different practices fall under the label
“euthanasia.”

Active euthanasia
Passive euthanasia
Voluntary euthanasia
Involuntary euthanasia
Mercy-Killing


Monday, February 25, 2014
WHAT IS
EUTHANASIA?

& Views on Good Will
Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory
* Moral Requirements are based on standard rationality (Categorical Imperative)
* Standard rationality is never essential to rational work
* Conception of reason must go beyond the point of human 'slaves' to the passion of philosophy
PHILOSOPHY

Consequentialism
When considering the verdict of euthanasia, the Supreme Court examined two aspects:
1. Section seven of the Charter. This is considering the court believes that the banned on assistant suicide violates section seven of the Charter of Rights and Freedom which “guarantees life, liberty and security of the person…” (Gyapong, 2015).
2. Also, the court looked at the equal treatment of all Canadians before the law. For instance, the court examined the idea that it is legal for individuals who are physically capable to committee suicide; whereas, it is illegal for those who are physically disabled to end their life (CBC, 2015).

Religious Viewpoint:
There are various religions that oppose the pratice or idea of euthanasia. These religions include:
Buddhism
Hinduism
Judsim
Roman Catholic
Christianity
Sikhism
Islamic
Legal Viewpoint
With regards to the legal standpoint, people who object euthanasia argue that the Hippocratic Oath restricts physicians from inflicting any form of harm on patients. This includes death, which is considered to be the ultimate harm. Being this, euthanasia violates the Hippocratic Oath.

Likewise, the act itself of euthanasia also violates section 7 of the Charter. Section 7 states “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of the person...” Initially, this section served to protect the citizens of Canada. However, euthanasia dismisses this whole section of protecting the vulnerable from becoming manipulated or deprived of one’s right to live.
*Good will determines whether or not a person is good and is the basis of his decisions
The Philosophy of Science
The Philosophy of science is the study of assumptions, foundations, and the implications of science.
Central questions are:
"What is science?"
"What is not science?”
"What characterizes science?"
"How to achieve scientific progress?"
The Role of the Doctor in Euthanasia
In euthanasia, the role of the doctor is simply to help the patient die however the patient may like.
The Hippocratic Oath gives physicians the oppotunity to save lives and the power to take lives as well.
"but to seek death in order to escape from poverty, or the pangs of love or pain or sorror is not the act of a couragous man, but rather of a coward"
- Aristotle
A morally right action is one that produces a good outcome .
Religious & Legal Viewpoints
Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a philosophy in which the ends justify the means, or in which the morality of an action is determined by the function that follows the action.
Does the outcome of euthanasia over ride other considerations?

Do you think euthanasia is ethical based on the outcome?
James Rachels
Socrates
Aristotle
Epicurus
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