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The Holocaust

A look at the events of the Holocaust

Kara Lewis

on 20 February 2018

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Transcript of The Holocaust

Persecution Begins
Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Freemasons, mentally deficient, mentally ill, physically disabled, and the incurably ill
April 1, 1933: Boycott of all Jewish businesses
April 7, 1933: All "non-Aryans"
removed from government jobs
1935 Nuremberg Laws took German citizenship from Jews, made marriage and extramarital sex between Germans and Jews illegal
New laws over the next several years that
excluded Jews from places like parks, made
Jews register their property, prevented Jewish
doctors from working on anyone other than Jewish patients, and forced them to wear yellow stars of David to make them easier to identify and target
Kristallnacht: "Night of Broken Glass"
Hitler's retaliation for assassination of a German ambassador-staged to look like a spontaneous reaction
November 9-10, 1938
Nazi storm troopers attacked and destroyed
Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues.
100 Jews killed, hundreds injured, 30,000
arrested. Afterward, the Nazis blamed the Jews
100,000 Jewish refugees allowed into the United States, Albert Einstein among them
Nativism and strong anti-Semitism: Roosevelt signed legislation that made it harder, almost impossible, for Jews to enter the United States
The Final Solution
Jews rounded up and forced into ghettos- sealed off with barbed wire and stone walls
Largest in Warsaw, Poland
Terrible living conditions; people dying faster than the bodies could be removed
Families separated upon arrival
Hard physical labor
Small barracks infested with rats and fleas
Intense hunger
Dr. Mengele, "Angel of Death"
Train rides to "work camps"
SS developed, administered and controlled the Nazi concentration camp system
Mass Extermination
Overwork, starvation, beatings, and bullets did not kill fast enough. Extermination Camps with huge gas chambers were built to kill 12,000 people a day. The ones deemed unfit to work were led to "showers," where they were poisoned with cyanide gas
Many thrown into large pits, others burned in huge crematoriums
The Numbers
About 11 million killed in the Holocaust
6 million Jews (2/3 of all living in Europe)
1.1 million children

Genocide: the deliberate and systematic extermination
of a national, racial, political, or cultural group

The SS (protection squad), including the Gestapo (secret police) tasked with the Jewish genocide -- headed by Heinrich Himmler

Concentration/Extermination Camps
Why and how?
German people's sense of injury after WWI
Severe economic problems
Hitler's control over the German nation
German people caught up in the new Germany
Nazis controlled:
youth movements
Lack of representative government
Fear of Hitler, the Gestapo, and the SS
History of anti-Jewish prejudice and discrimination
Full transcript