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Transcript of ISLAM
What is ISLAM?
Story of Islam
Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 AD
Allah - Arabic name for God; means "The God"
Allah was one of many deities in Arabia before Muhammad but afterward became the sole deity worshiped and acknowledged in the Muslim religion.
hadith - "tradition" second in authority to the Koran; a record of the words and acts of Muhammad.
kafir - infidel or unbeliever
Ramadan - 9th month on Islam calendar; month of fasting as required by Qu'ran.
Qu'ran or Koran - the eternal, inspired, infallible, unaltered word of God, inscribed on a tablet in heaven and revealed by Allah to Muhammad. 20 years after the death of Muhammad it attained a form and content which approximates the Qu'ran of today.
5 Pillars of Islam
Pillar 1 - Shahada (confession): "There is no deity but Allah, and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah."
Every Muslim must recite the shahada as part of the daily worship.
Islam is an Arabian religion founded by Muhammad (570-632 AD) over 500 years after Jesus!
Muhammad claimed he had visions from angel Gabriel which he recorded in his book called the Koran or Qu'ran (Muslim Bible).
Islam is composed of two main denominations:
Sunni (90%) & Shi'ite (10%)
There are about 2 M Muslims in America
1 B Muslims worldwide w/ 1 in 5-6 people in the world being Muslim.
20% of world pop is Muslim
World Almanac 2002, p. 681
At age 40, Muhammad had disturbing visions of the angel Gabriel. At first, he thought he was possessed by an evil spirit. But his wife, whom he married at age 25, reassured him that his visions were divine and that he should be obedient.
Two key visions he received:
1. Allah is the One True God
2. Muhammad had been appointed Allah's messenger
Opposition arose immediately because of the immense false god worship and the income it brought to the city of Mecca in the kabbah (religious shrine).
Muslims believe the ka'bah was dedicated to God by Abraham and Ishmael.
After a threat against Muhammad's life, he fled from Mecca to Yathrib (100 miles north) on July 16,622. This flight was called Hijira and marked the beginning of the Islam religion.
In 630 AD, Muhammad marched back to Mecca with 10,000 men and took back the ka'bah. Muslims still pilgrimage to Mecca today!
Ayatollah - a religious leader among Shia who is given much authority (means sign of Allah).
Dar al-Harb - "House of War" - the areas of the world that are still ignorant, disobedient, unsubdued, and not ruled by Islam.
Dar al-Islam - "House of Islam" - the geographical area in which Islam is in full devotional, political, and legal actuality.
Dawa - call, invitation, missionary of Islam.
Doa - non-ritual prayer in Islam
Gabriel - the angel through whom Allah revealed the Qu'ran through Muhammad.
Hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca; one of the pillars of Islam required for Muslims to follow.
hajira - the travel of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in AD 622; the Islamic calendar begins with this date as AH 1 (after hajira).
Id al fitra - the feast of celebration ending the fasting month of Ramadan which is one of the required pillars of Islam.
Id al Adha - the feast that celebrates the conclusion of the travel to Mecca.
Imam - a leader of a prayer group in a mosque
Injil - "Gospel" - the message from Allah to Jesus which Muslims believe became corrupted and has remained corrupted in the form revealed in the Christian Bible.
Islam - "Submission to Allah" the faith, obedience, tradition of the Quran and the teachings of Muhammad.
Jihad - the struggle in the belief and practice of the Islam religion by Muslims; sometimes takes a political or violent application.
madrasa - schools designed for Islamic studies
(MHS - Madrasa High School)
Mecca - the first holy city of Islam located in Saudi Arabia; birthplace of Muhammad.
Medina - second holy city of Islam located in Saudi Arabia; Muhammad fled there in AD 622 and his tomb is located here.
Muhammad - prophet of Islam (AD 570-632); born in Mecca buried in Medina.
Muslim - "one who submits" a believer of Islam.
Qu'ran (Koran) - holy book of Islam contains 114 chapters called surahs
Salam - peace; Muslim greetings.
Salat - ritual prayer performed five times a day facing Mecca; one of the required pillars of Islam from the Koran; may be individual or in groups.
Shahada - "Confession" the first pillar of Islam: "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Prophet."
zakat - almsgiving to meet needs; one of the required pillars of Islam.
Hadith - various collections of words and deeds of Muhammad not written in the Qu'ran. Oral tradition used to interpret the Qu'ran.
Sharia - Islam's holy law and the perfect manifestation of God's will and guidance for humanity.
Pillar 2 - zakat (financial giving) - Muslims must give a certain percentage of their income to Allah. "lend unto Allah a goodly loan" (surah 73:20).
The percentage depends on the need.
Pillar 3 - salat (prayer) - There are 5 stated formal prayers and several informal prayers. Muslims face Mecca five times daily and recite surah 1:1-7.
Pillar 4 - Ramadan (fasting) - Muslims fast one month per year daily from dawn to dusk. After the daily light has disappeared, the fast may be broken. At the end of the fasting month, a feast is celebrated (see notes on Id al-Fitra)
Pillar 5 - Hajj (pilgrimage) - Islam requires each Muslim to journey to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
WHAT DO MUSLIMS BELIEVE ABOUT ...
Allah is the one true God, and thus is absolute unity; he can have no son and no partner.
To say that God can have a son is blasphemous.
Allah is not viewed as "The Father" (Surahs 19:88-92; 112:3)
Allah is transcendent and is more characterized by judgement, not grace; by power, not mercy (Surahs 6:142; 7:31)
Jesus was one of the foremost prophets of God.
He was a sinless man who was a messenger of God - bringing truth for his age. He is to be honored but no more than any other human prophet.
He is a lesser prophet than Muhammad!
Jesus did not die on a cross, but ascended directly into heaven. Crucifixion is disrespectful; Allah would not have allowed one of his prophets to be crucified.
Angels are servants of God.
Prominent among them is Gabriel (Jibril), often called the Holy Spirit!
God delivers messages to prophets via Gabriel/Holy Spirit.
There is a hierarchy of angels between Allah and mankind.
Each human being is said to have two recording angels who list all man's deeds, good or bad.
These will be brought forth on judgement day.
The Bible is viewed as corrupt. The New Testament does not record the words of Jesus, but rather other people's words about Jesus. Jesus' original words were thus corrupt (Surahs 2:75; 2:78-79).
Muslims believe Muhammad is prophesied in the Bible:
See Deuteronomy 18:15-18; Psalm 45:3-5;
John 14:16; John 15:26; John 16:7.
Man is composed of body and soul, and basically is born with good nature. His duty is to obey and serve Allah.
Man has lost his way. If man continues his lost ways his eternal destiny is imperiled. One finds forgiveness by repenting and serving Allah only. This forgiveness does not require atonement.
(Surahs 17:15; 35:18)
Salvation is found in complete surrender to Allah. This is in keeping with the meaning of Islam (surrender) and Muslim (one who submits). Salvation is based on works. Christians are guilty of shirk (idolatry) by maintaining the Trinity doctrine.
Depending on judgement day, one will end up in heaven (place of pleasure and physical delights) or hell (physical torment). (Surahs 7:8-9;21:47;23:102-103)
The faithful will enjoy gentle speech, pleasant shade, fruit, cold drink and meat. They will drink from a stream of wine and suffer no intoxication (surah 37:45-47)
There will be a blaze of fire and boiling water in shades of black smoke (surah 56:42-43)
CLASS GROUP ASSIGNMENT
Review the Muslim positions on God, Jesus, Angels, the Bible, Man, Salvation & Judgement.
Islam Mock Dialogue Assignment:
In groups of 4, prepare a Muslim vs. Christian dialogue on each topic in the form of Q & A (God, Jesus, Angels, the Bible, Man, Salvation & Judgement). Designate two students to act as Muslims and two students as Christians & act out a 8-15 minute discussion scene on Monday, January 11.
* written portion must be completed and submitted by end of class today!
* type out on i-Pad and submit to firstname.lastname@example.org
SUNNI VERSUS SHIITE ISLAM
What is the difference?
Homework due Friday, January 8
Read the article and answer the questions on the handout to demonstrate that you read the material.