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Intro to Latitude and Longitude
Transcript of Intro to Latitude and Longitude
Any Point on Earth
You can locate any point on Earth by identifying its latitude and longitude.
Latitude: are the imaginary lines that divide the Earth into sections. Latitude is measured in degrees (shown by the symbol 0). The equator is an imaginary line that circles the Earth halfway between the North and the South Poles. The equator is at O degrees latitude.
Latitude increases as you travel north of the equator, toward the North Pole. The North Pole is at 90N - the northernmost latitude.
Latitude also increases as you travel south of the equator, toward the South Pole. The South Pole is at 90S - the southernmost latitude.
Lines of latitude are also called parallels.
Longitude are imaginary lines that divide the Earth into sections. The lines that run from north to south are called lines of longitude.
The prime meridian is an imaginary line that runs from the North to the South Pole. The prime meridian is at O degrees longitude.
Longitude increases as you travel east of prime meridian, toward the Pacific Ocean. The easternmost longitude is at 180 degrees in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
Longitude also increases as you travel west of the prime meridian, toward the pacific Ocean. The westernmost longitude and the easternmost longitude meet halfway around the globe at 180 degrees, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
Lines of longitude are also called meridians.
How can you find a place on earth using latitude and longitude? Latitude is always given first followed by longitude. Example: 4N, 74W