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Battle Hymn of the Republic
Transcript of Battle Hymn of the Republic
shedding roots, making meaning The Search for an Anthem National Hymns:
How They Are Written and
How They Are Not Written Fort Sumter
April 1961 Bull Run
July 1861 $500 award 1200 entries Glory, Glory to Old Georgia Funeral Dirge Judy Garland performs a haunting version of Battle Hymn on national television in the wake of JFK's funeral-- one of the most defining performances of her career. 1862:
Julia Ward Howe's
"Battle Hymn of the Republic" published in Atlantic Monthly John Brown's body lies
a-mold'ring in the grave
His soul goes marching on
Glory, Glory! Hallelujah! I awoke in the grey of the morning, and as I lay waiting for dawn, the long lines of the desired poem began to entwine themselves in my mind, and I said to myself, “I must get up and write these verses, lest I fall asleep and forget them!” -- Julia Ward Howe
I have seen Him in the watchfires
Of a hundred circling camps
They have builded Him an altar
In the evening dews and damps;
I can read His righteous sentence
By the dim and flaring lamps;
His day is marching on.
I have read a fiery gospel writ
In burnished rows of steel:
"As ye deal with My contemners,
So with you My grace shall deal":
Let the Hero born of woman
Crush the serpent with His heel,
Since God is marching on.
He has sounded forth the trumpet
That shall never call retreat;
He is sifting out the hearts of men
Before His judgement seat;
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him;
Be jubilant, my feet;
Our God is marching on.
In the beauty of the lilies
Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in His bosom
That transfigures you and me;
While God is marching on. Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
His truth is marching on. “a public religious dimension…expressed in a set of beliefs symbols and rituals” "Christian without having anything to do with the Christian church"
"Those who here gave their lives, that the nation might live"
-- Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
“while not antithetical to and indeed sharing much in common with Christianity, was neither sectarian nor in any specific sense Christian” Bellah's "Civil Religion" Battle Hymn: A Function of Civil Religion Civil Religion Crucial- and Challenged- at the Turn of the Century As He died to make men holy,
Let us live to make men free; Mine eyes have seen the glory
Of the coming of the Lord;
He is trampling out the vintage
Where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He hath loosed the fateful lightning
Of His terrible swift sword;
His truth is marching on. Martin Luther King, Jr.
"I've Been To The Mountaintop" mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord Robert F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, Gerald Ford, John F. Kennedy "What is Religion?" Parliament of the World's Religions
Chicago World Fair, 1893 “not one of exclusion, but of an infinite and endless and joyous inclusion” “I think nothing is religion which puts one individual absolutely above others, and surely nothing is religion which puts one sex above another…Any religion which sacrifices women to the brutality of men is no religion.” “one great harbor where all the fleets can ride, where all the banners can be displayed." Howe calls the fair, the Parliament, and it seems America itself, gospel (social gospel) civil rights civil religion party lines national anthem death
popular rebirth piety REVIVALS accessibility Who is Christian? Who is American? union war
unity unity Ole Miss:
"From Dixie With Love" "Glory, Glory Hallelujah
The south will rise again." -burnham -reflection -identity 1889: Navy 1916: President MEANING