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Transcript of India
AP Lang and Comp Final Project
Second largest population in the world
Largest democracy in the world
29 states and 7 Union territories
Capital; New Delhi
Independence: August 15, 1947
Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister
Prime Minister has more power than the president (Pramab Mukherjee)
1,662 recognized languages
22 official languages
Hindi is the most popular language (41.03%)
Most popular languages; Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil
Sanskrit is the classical language of Indian and liturgical language of Hinduism
Important Dates of India
India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism
All religions based in India are connected by their basis in the Vedas; a series of 4 books that teach Hindu philosophy in all aspects of life
The names of the 4 Vedas are the Rigved, Samaved, Yajurved, and Atharvaved.
1400 BC - The Vedas (Hindu Scriptures) were written
500 BC - Buddhism was founded in India by Siddhartha Gauthama ; Jainism was founed by
700s - Muslim armies from Arabia invade India
1500s - Christianity was introduced to India by the Europeans.
1658 - Aurangzeb ruled India and tried to force Hindus to convert to Islam
1858 - The British government ruled India
1920 - Mohandas Gandhi became leader of Indian Independence Movement.
1946 - Brithish government agreed to grant India Independence.
1947 - British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan.
August 15 - India Independence Day.
1948 - Gandhi was assassinated
1950 - A new Indian Constitution was ratified.
Idli & Green Chutney
1) Wheat Flour
2) 1 cup of Milk Powder
3) Vegetable Oil
4) 1/4 cup of Milk
5) 2 cups of sugar
6) 1 cup of water
7) Pinch of saffron (optional)
8) 5-10 pistachios (optional)
9) 4-5 pods of cardamom (optional)
10) 5 tbsp. rosewater
11) 1/2 Bisquick
12) 2 tbsp. melted butter
Part 1: Making the Syrup and Dough
1) Heat the water, sugar, cardamom, saffron, and rosewater in a pan for 5 minutes. Stir ingredients well.
2) Turn off heat and set the syrup aside.
3) To make the dough, combine the milk powder, Bisquick and butter. Melt the butter first to make it easier to combine the ingredients.
4) Add milk to the mix until dough becomes firm.
5) Divide the dough into 20 portions and roll each portion into a ball.
Part 2: Frying the Dough
1) Heat oil on low to medium
2) Place the dough balls into the oil one at a time from the side of the pan.
3) Fry the balls for about 3 minutes. Keep turning them so they are evenly cooked all around.
4) Heat only a handful of them at a time
5) Take the dough balls out one by one when they have browned evenly.
6) Place the dumplings on a paper towel.
7) Heat the syrup from part 1 on low.
8) Transfer the warm syrup to a serving bowl.
9) Lower the dumplings into the syrup and let them absorb the syrup for 1-2 hours.
10) Ready to Serve.
Cost to Prepare:
1 cup chick pea flower
3-4 tablespoons cream of wheat
Salt - to taste
1 tablespoon black pepper
1 teaspoon crushed green chili
1 teaspoon ginger
1 teaspoon turmeric powder
1 teaspoon cumin
1 10 oz bag spinach
2 potatoes - peeled and sliced in circles
Oil for frying
Takes between 30-45 minutes to make
•Time: 2 hours
•Eaten by hand on special occasions and travel
Soaked yellow split peas
ginger and garlic
Cooking time: 2 hours
Eaten as a simple, on-the-go meal
1) Soak 1 1/2 cups of rice and 1 cup of lentil in water separately for 5-6 hours.
2) Grind the lentil to a fine smooth paste, and the rice a little coarse (enough to feel a texture, like fine sand).
3) Mix the two ground ingredients with salt and enough water to form a batter of dropping consistency.
4) Leave covered overnight to ferment into batter
5) Steam in a pressure cooker with specialized racks (shown below)
1 1/2 cups of rice
1 cup split and husked lentils
2 tsp salt
1 packet idli mix
1 1/4 cup of water
1) Mix water with mix powder
2) Steam in pressure cooker
$4 and 18 hours for option 1
$2 and 15 minutes for option 2
1/2 cup chopped coriander
3/4 cup grated coconut
1 chopped green chili
1/2 inch ginger (skinned and chopped)
1 1/2 tbsp roasted gram dal
1 tsp sugar
pinches of salt (dependent on personal preference)
1 1/2 or more cups of water, depending on desired consistency
$1-2 and 5-10 minutes
1) Add all of the ingredients together
2) Put in a blender or food processor
3) Blend well until desired consistency is reached
4) Add salt to balance taste as necessary
5) Serve with Idli, Dosa, or Vada.
Time: 2 hours