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Causes of World War II
Transcript of Causes of World War II
As a result, Germany was forced to accept all responsibility for World War I.
Germany had to pay reparations to the Triple Entente for the damage caused during the war.
The Causes of World War II
By Rafael Ng and Ken Takahata
On June 28 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in the city of Versailles
The Rhineland, a loosely defined area comprised of the area around the Rhine River in Germany was
taken over by Triple Entente Forces.
The eastern half of what was then Germany became Poland, which Germany attempted to reclaim in World War II.
In addition to that, Germany lost all of its colonies in Africa (coloured green).
Lastly, the size of German armed forces was severely restricted by the Treaty. Naturally, the Germans were left thirsty for revenge all of these losses.
On March 12 1938, Austria was finally annexed into Germany. Popular opinion in both countries had been gravitating toward uniting Germany and Austria since the end of World War I.
On 16 March 1938, Germany successfully occupied the western half of Czechoslovakia, known as Sudetenland to the Germans, using the protection of the Germans who lived there as an excuse.
After serving as a soldier in WWI, Adolf Hitler returned to Munich, where he lived since 1913. He joined the Nazi Party as their 55th member in September 1919. On 8th November 1923, Hitler conducted the Beer Hall Putsch - a fascist revolution - along with Erich Ludendorff, but failed and was imprisoned until the following year.
Hitler in Munich
Hitler in Berlin
After his release, Hitler ran for office in Berlin until 1933, when he was elected as chancellor, with 43% of all votes. He was inaugurated on 30th January 1933.
In the following two years, the Nazi Party overturned the Weimar Republic and the country became what is now known as Nazi Germany. During this period, Hitler decided to defy the conditions set in the Treaty of Versailles and began militarizing Germany.
The Axis Powers
In 1936, Germany and Japan made an anti-communist treaty in Berlin, becoming allies. Italy's Prime Minister, Benito Mussolini, joined them in the following year. The alliance of the three countries is known as the Axis powers. When Germany was attacked by the Allies as a result of their continuous invasions of other countries, the other two countries came to Germany's aid.
In 1919, the Weimar Republic was established after a Constitutional Assembly in Weimar. The Republican System overthrew the Imperial System, but in its 14 years of existence, it experienced many problems, including hyperinflation and political extremists on both right and left wing.
On 1st September 1939, the Germans invaded Poland using a new and highly effective tactic known as Blitzkrieg- 'Lightning War'. It involved light tanks being supported by foot soldiers and planes, and relied on speed. They falsely claimed that the Polish attacked first.
On 3 September, Britain and France (The original members of the Allies) declared war on Germany for their continuous invasions, triggering World War II.
The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28 in the French City of Versailles, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. As a result of this, Germany was forced to accept all responsibility for World War I as well as paying reparations to the Triple Entente for the damage caused during the War.
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