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Pregnancy & Child-rearing Practices Around the World: Vietnam
Transcript of Pregnancy & Child-rearing Practices Around the World: Vietnam
Have to give birth without uttering a word Urbanization in recent years = more births in hospitals
Home births with midwives still common in rural areas Infant care largely responsibility of female family members. Mothers play the primary role Do not name the baby right away. Give them ugly names for 100 days or so.
Will detour evil spirits and demons from catching the baby and making the baby unhealthy. Community members lenient on child behavior until age 5-6 Don’t express admiration for a new baby, devils may steal child because of their desirability Newborns should be given hand-me-downs to wear and the devils won't become jealous, therefore a healthy child Pregnant women must:
avoid any horror stories, films, or pictures: Could badly affect the embryo's mind.
Avoid anger, anxiety, frustration Practice good manners so that the child can learn and behave accordingly Overeating discouraged Physical activity encouraged throughout the pregnancy Reclining for long periods is discouraged to prevent the fetus from overgrowing Women do not increase their caloric intake while pregnant Eating "hot" + "cold" foods discouraged
Hot: "Safe" foods include: "One month ceremony" substitutes for not having a baby shower before baby is born Offerings presented at this time to "Holy Godmother" , thought to be the protector of the new child A flower wet with special water from family altar is held over the baby and the water is allowed to drip into infant’s mouth Guests have a happy party at which they eat the offerings of food from the ceremony Baby has another celebration after one lunar year. It is called "quitting the cradle." Much larger party with numerous guests Both parents must teach the children: obedience and respect for elders Importance of education Leniency for children up until age 5-6; parents become more strict onward in their lives Fathers traditionally take on responsibility of the family breadwinner
Teach children value of providing for the family Vietnamese infants in constant contact with others
Lots of interaction with the baby to help parents socialize them early on in life & moral socialization of girls more intense than that of boys.
to display a number of feminine virtues Placing a knife underneath the baby's mattress will scare off devils who try to steal the child during the night 2. Ginger would be considered "safe" foods for pregnant women to eat, according to Vietnamese practices. 3. Vietnamese women traditionally have been taught to give birth in silence from childhood. 4. The holy godmother at the One Month ceremony is considered the protector for the infant. Cold: Kids are taught through socialization within community that a good child will always know to respect and obey their elders 5. Teaching children about obedience and respect for their elders is mainly the father's responsibility. 6. The Lunar Year Ceremony has a larger group of guests who come to celebrate the baby's first year of life than compared to the "One Month Ceremony". 7. Adults are lenient on children's behavior until they are 7-8 years old 8. Putting a knife under a newborn's mattress will lure in demons and spirits into stealing the child. The expectant mother cannot brush their hair by any door accept the bedroom and the bathroom door. Symbolizes hair loss for the child later in their life 9. Fathers are not commonly found in the room with the expectant mother during birth. 10. It is said that if a child has frequent frequent and chronic hair loss during their lifetime, it is because their mother often brushed their hair in front of different doors other than the bathroom and the bedroom door. Child-rearing Practices in Vietnam A presentation by Veronica Bierwirth &
Julie Do. http://www.offroadvietnam.com/eng/13-53.php
http://www.everyculture.com/To-Z/Vietnam.html When parents must be away, older relatives help care for the children.
Older siblings often help out too. Bibliography