Transcript of American Revolution Timeline
The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War in 1763. France lost all of their possessions in North America and ceded all claims east of Mississippi except New Orleans. It was significant to the American Revolution because it was the first conflict between the British and the American Colonists. A step by step process to our nation's creation. The Road to Revolution The Treaty Of Paris July 4, 1776 The Declaration of Independence! The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson, announcing that the American colonies were seceding from Great Britain and taking on independence. It established the reasons for separation and the ideals that the delegates of the Continental Congress were seeking. Besides being a formal declaration of liberty that kick-started the revolution, it also verbalized the idea that all people were born equal, an important basis for the current system of government. 1776 Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was a member of the Continental Congress, representing Virginia, and also a Founding Father. His most important contribution to the Revolution, was writing the Declaration of Independence, a letter sent from America to King George, announcing the colonies' separation from England. This important document officially began America's pursuit of freedom. 1776 Lexington and Concord 1775 British troops were ordered to capture ammunition in Concord, Massachusetts. Paul Revere and Richard Dawes were dispatched to alert the minutemen militia. The British were met by an American militia who were greatly outnumbered and withdrew. The British troops continued on to Concord but were met by angry Americans who, this time, outnumbered and forced back. This foreshadowed that the American militia were not to be underestimated with equal advantages and greater motivation of defending their home. 1777 1754-1763 The French and Indian War 1774 and 1775 Continental Congress Thomas Paine 1776 Thomas Paine was an Englishman who had just immigrated to Philadelphia. He wrote his radical ideas about British oppressions against America in a pamphlet called, "Common Sense". This document was the most influential piece of writing in the colonies, and redefined American thinking, helping to break emotional ties with Britain, and make independence a more popular idea. 1774 The Battle of Saratoga 1754 The French and Indian War (also known as the Seven Years War) was fought between the French and the British, and began in North America. As a result of the war, the British were heavily in debt and began to tax their colonists in order to raise revenue, which in turn was the start of colonial resentment towards Britain. The Albany Conference 1754 The Albany Conference took place in Albany, New York, and was held by the British government to organize a collective colonial defense for the The French and Indian War. The delegates adopted Benjamin Franklin's Plan of Union, which called for an inter-colonial effort to manage affairs with Natives and also coordinate a defense. Although it ultimately failed, the Albany Conference was a first attempt at cooperation among the British colonies, and set some sort of precedent for later unions of colonies during the Revolution. Intolerable Acts 1774 In response to the Boston Tea Party, King George imposed a series of acts named the Coercive Acts, but called "The Intolerable Acts", against Massachusetts. These acts ended trade and self-rule in the colony. The Committees of Correspondence spread the news of the Intolerable Acts and people viewed them as a threat to their own rights as well. The Intolerable Acts helped unite the colonists by intensifying anti-British sentiment and pushed them down the road towards independence. 1763 1763 The Continental Congress was an assembly of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that came together as the governing body of the United States during the revolution. The Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, created the Articles of Confederation, acted as a government for the colonies, raised a military force, created committees, and handled negotiations with other nations. Overall, the Congress led the entire Revolution. 1765 Whigs Sons of Liberty Whigs were the name used for radical writers and advocates of resistance to Britain, such as John Locke, Alexander Pope, and Thomas Gordon. They warned that the British were posing a threat to liberty, and promoted republicanism: an idea in which the people held supreme political power. These influential people and their writings greatly directed public thinking and also guided American politics during the Revolution. The Battle of Saratoga was the battle in which General Burgoyne, surrounded by a much larger force of Americans, surrendered.Full transcript
This was the turning point in the American Revolution, pivoting the war in favor of the Americans, and boosting morale. The Sons of Liberty were a secret group of anti-British patriots formed in colonial cities in response to the Stamp Act crisis. Best known for the Boston Tea Party, which led to the Intolerable Acts, the Sons of Liberty advocated nonviolent protests, such as petitions and publishing pamphlets. This group spread the non-importation movement and cause for independence. 1765 In order to raise money, the Stamp Act, a tax on printed materials such as legal documents, magazines, newspapers, was enforced in the colonies. Many colonists felt burdened and oppressed with these taxes. The government sent no representatives to Parliament and the colonies had no voice in how the taxes should be raised, spent, and levied. This Act caused many protests to form in the colonists and created Anti-British groups, such as the Sons of Liberty. Stamp Act Congress Eventually, delegates from nine colonies met at an assembly called the Stamp Act Congress in New York. There, they denied Parliament's right to tax the colonists without representation and decided to stop all importations from Britain until the act was repealed. This was significant because it showed that the colonists were so upset that they protested to the degree where they made it impossible for the British to enforce the Stamp Act. 1766 Non-Importation Movement The colonists boycotted the Stamp Act and
refused to trade with Britain. This was a cause of the American Revolution because it showed that the colonists would not back down and listen to the Parliament. 1767 Townshend Acts The Townshend Acts were a series of laws that were passed to raise revenues and suppress American liberties. It taxed items such as lead, glass, paint, paper, and tea. This was significant to the American Revolution because it angered the colonists and it caused them to question the authority of the British. The Stamp Act 1760s-1770s 1770 The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was a riot where the British soldiers opened fire on armed civilians who had been taunting them. Rumors had been created saying that the soldiers were picking fights, harassing women, or simply provoking citizens. This caused many misunderstandings as soldiers were taken to court. This heightened tensions between the colonists and the British soldiers as the news spread across the colonies. 1774 The Quartering Act The Quartering Act allowed soldiers to live in homes of the colonists. The families were to feed, house, and clothe them as well. This was significant to the American Revolution because this angered many Americans as it they were burdened with another person along with their family to proved for. 1773 The Boston Tea Party The Boston Tea Party was another protest against the Tea Act where the colonists dressed up as Native Americans and boarded a ship where they dumped 45 tons of imported British tea, into the harbor, later inspiring the people in New York to do the same. This was significant to the American Revolution because it showed that the Americans were politically protesting and rebelling against the British. 1763 The Proclamation of 1763 The Proclamation of 1768 gave the region west of the Appalachian to the Native Americans. This shocked the colonists as they expected to move into the west after the French was removed but couldn't because it was occupied by the Native Americans. They were upset and confused as to why the British would grant the Indians, who were considered the enemy. This caused much discontent towards the British.