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Transcript of Eating Disorders
Eating disorders is not a fad, phase or lifestyle choice but a serious and deadly disease of the mind and body. Although researchers don't know the exact cause of it, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors are a huge impact on it. Three of the most common eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating.
People with anorexia starve themselves or eats
little to no food.
They have a fear of gaining weight
They feel "fat" even when under average weight
Always concern with body weight or shape
Bulima results in starvation just like anorexia. But their behavior, psychologic and physical appearance are differently in two ways. Bulimia is much more hard to detect because they hide their habit.
They binge on food and purge afterwards
Abuse laxatives to prevent weight gain
Unlike anorectics, bulimics
admit that they have
a problem and need
"For me, the bulimia was about stuffing my emotions. So I stopped suppressing
my feelings" -Cheryl James
Binge eating is charactezied by compulsive over eating in which they consume a huge amounts of foods but does not purge afterwards.
They go from normal body shape to extreme obesity
They may have a periods of extreme fasting
A period of binge eating lastest for 2 hours or for others its an on and off thing all day
By age 6, girls especially, start to express
concerns about their own weight or shape.
Even though its more common in women, men can still get an eating disorder. Young people are more likely than older people to develop an eating disorder.
In the United States, 20 million women and 10 million men suffer from Clinically significant eating disorder at some point in their life.
Only 1 in 10 men and women with eating
disorders receive treatment,
American spends $40 billion a year on diet
related products each year.
Significantly higher ratess of eating disorders are found
in elite athletes.
Among gay men 14% appeared to suffer from bulimia
and over 20% appeared to be anorexic.
Men are more likely to not get treatment from eating
disorders because of the perception of being a "women
Eating disorders are becoming more and more prevelant in teens each day. and the age rate is lowering.
Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate
of any mental illness.
The exact cause of an eating disorder is unknown
but have many possible causes. They include emotional, psychological, Socially and interpesonal.
Media is a huge influnce of eating disorders.
Tv, internet, ad campains, magazines and even dolls are examples of media influnce
All of these show an image of "beauty" in men and women. What people see in media pressures people into desiring a "perfect" image or body.
Psychological And Emotional
They may have low self-esteme
Feelings of lack of control in life
Depression, loneliness, anger and anxiety
People with an eating disorder usually have emotional or psycological problems that contribute to the disorder.
Difficulty expressing emotions
Physical or sexual abuse
History of being teased based on size or weight
Even though the involment in being in a sport can
bring many benefits like self-esteem and encouragement to be active in their life, competion can bring the complete opposite. It can factor severe psychological and physical stress
Female athletes in aesthetic sports (e.g. gynmastics, ballet, figure skating) found to be at the highest risk for eating disorders
Sports that emphasize appearance, weight requirements or muscularity such as gymnastics, bodybuilding or wrestling are more like to develop an eating disorder
6.9% meet the criteria of Anorexic, 10.3% of Bulimia and 55.0% of EDNOS (Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified)
Eating disorders in Athletes
Anorexics suffer from extreme muscles loss and weakness, dry hair, skin, heart failure and death
Bulimics suffer from inflammation and rupture of the esophagus, swollen jaw, organ failure, tooth decay and staining from stomach acids, and death
Binge eaters can suffer from limited mobility , heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and death
Loss of menstrual cycle for women
Refusal to eat and denial of hunger
Dramatic weight loss
Constant dieting or fasting
Constant trips to the bathroom after eating
Staining of teeth
Sores, scars or calluses on the knuckles or hands
Unusual swelling of cheeks and jaw
Also loss of menstrual cycle for women
Feeling that your eating behavior is out of control
Constantly eating alone
Eating to the point of discomfort or pain
Eating faster when overeating
So how can
If you see a friend with the symptoms, speak to the person privately and tell them about your concern about them. Listen and suggest that you'd help them to look or talk to someone about it. Most people can't get out of this health problem themselves and are just having trouble bringing the subject up.
Suggest them to:
Psychotheraphy, Conseling and/or some medications that have found to be helpful.
Hospitilization is also another option for those who can't seem to overcome their fear of gaining or eating
Some clinics specialize in treating people with eating disorders
Withdrawal from others
Strange eating habits
Changes in mood and or appearance
Some good website for hospitalization you can visit are:
230 E. Superior Street, Suite 202
Duluth, MN 55802
Fax: (218) 722-4184
"Living with Anorxia and Bulimia is hell, but Chronic dieting is also hell. Living your entire life not feeling good enough about your body, always feeling if you weight a little less somehow you'd be happier or that your life would be better, is a horrible way to live. And it's a very short step from a full blown eating disorder" - Portia de Rossi