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Commas

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by

Angela Cash

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Commas

Teaching Commas
The Power of a Comma

Common Introductory Elements
Common Introductory Elements:

Conjunctive Adverbs: However, therefore, nonetheless, also, otherwise, finally, instead, thus

Introductory Phrases: Of course, above all, for example, in other words, on the other hand, in conclusion, in addition

Example: Therefore, the suspect could not have been at the crime scene.
A comma follows after a conjunctive adverb or introductory phrase

Example: Henry wore his knee pads ,otherwise, he would have scrapped his knee.
A comma comes before and after a conjunctive adverb, when it is in the middle of a sentence
Use commas in a list of separate items, words, phrases/ clauses

Example: foxes, rabbits and kangaroos live in the bush.

Example:My $10 million estate is to be split among my husband, daughter, son and nephew.

Write your own example now.


Separate Ideas

Clauses
Do not use commas to separate two verbs with the same subject.

Example: Sandy borrowed two boxes full of CD's on Tuesday, and returned them on Friday. (incorrect)

Example: Lucy went to the video game store and never came back (Correct)



Because Clauses
Do not use a comma before or after 'because'


Example: I struggled to complete my assignments last year, because I didn't know how to type. (incorrect)

Use a comma after a clause that BEGINS with because.

Example: Because Danny left his red playing shirt, the coach benched him. (Correct)


What is a Comma?
A punctuation mark ( , ) is used to indicate a separation of ideas or a separation of elements within the structure of a sentence.
RIGHT OR WRONG?

Compound Sentences
Use a comma before AND, BUT, FOR, NOR, OR in a compound sentence.

Example: Snow White and Cinderella became best friends, but their husbands became enemies after the Ball.
1)The lazy rebellious boy was suspended.

2)My all-time favorite car with its teardrop head lights and classic grill is a 1940 Ford coupe.

3)Tony Adams the captain of the soccer team is in my English class.
THAT:

Three other students wrote about the same art piece
that
Dylan critiqued for art history class.
Examples
WHICH:
The teacher extended the reading response deadline
,
which
was due a week ago.
In a series with three or more items, place a comma after each item but the last one.

The comma between the last two items goes before the coordinating conjunction (and, or, nor, but, so, for, yet)
Commas with items in a Series
EXAMPLE
: Leaders such as Nero, Attila the Hun, and Hitler were all known to be ruthless individuals.
WHICH:

Three other students wrote about the same art piece
,

which
Dylan critiqued for art history class.
THAT:
The teacher extended the reading response deadline
that
was due a week ago.
4) In the future people will ride large and, giant robots.
5) Felix Baumgartner's record-setting leap from the very edge of space, on Sunday, was dazzling.
Where are the conjunctions? Why is this a COMPOUND sentence?
Full transcript