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Belgium

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Jera Monaghan

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Belgium

Belgium Cities and Places to Visit Brussels Antuerp Bruges By: Jera Monaghan Facts Language Spoken Key Phrases Bordering Countries and Bodies of Water Basic Facts Capital- Brussels
Population- 11,008,000
Country Shape-Compact
Area-30,528 sq km (about the size of Maryland)
Climate-temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
Terrain-flat coastal plains in northwest, central rolling hills, rugged France

Luxembourg

Netherlands

Germany

North Sea Type- Monarchy, Parliamentary Democracy
Prime Minister-Yves Leterme
King/Queen- Albert II/ Paola Government Dutch-official
German
French Hello-Hallo
My name is-Mijn naam is
I am looking for-Ik ben op zoek naar
Thank You-Dank u
Please-Alsjeblieft
Where do I find-Waar vind ik
where is the Bathroom-Waar is het toilet Yves Leterme History Places to see Know for History Known For Places to See History Places to See Known For Industry King Albert II and Queen Paola Capital The name Brussels comes from the old Dutch word Broeksel which means home in the marsh
Brussels was founded 979 when Duke Charles of Lower Lotharingia placed relics of Saint Gudula from Moorsel to the Saint Gaugericus chapel which was built in 580
Around 1000, Lambert I of Leuven married the daughter of Duke Charles, gaining the County of Brussels
In the 13th century Brussels buit its first walls and grew rapidly. The growth caused new city walls to be built.
In 1695, the king of France sent troops to destroy Brussels which was the most destructive event in Brussels's history. The fire burned down the Grand Place and 4000 other buildings.
In 1746, The city was captured by France during the War of the Austrian Succession but was handed back to Austria three years later.
In 1830, the Belgian revolution took place in Brussels, and Brussels became the capital seat of government.
On July 21, 1831 the first king, Leopold I, took office
During WWI and During WWII Brussels was an occupied city
the Capital region of Brussels was formed on June 18, 1989 after a constitutional reform in 1988. "A Brief History of Antwerp." - Flanders, Belgium. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
www.visitflanders.us/discover/cities/Antwerpen/history/"

"A Brief History of Bruges." - Flanders, Belgium. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.
www.visitflanders.us/discover/cities/bruges/bruges_history/"

"Antwerp." Antwerp. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2013.www.aviewoncities.com/antwerp.htm"

"Atomium." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Feb. 2013. Web. 21 Feb. 2013en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomium"

"Belgium Economy Profile 2012." Belgium Economy Profile 2012. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013
.www.indexmundi.com/belgium/economy_profile.html"

"Belgium Industries." - Economy. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. www.indexmundi.com/belgium/industries.html

"Brussels." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013
library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01253/Hotspots%20in%20Europe/BRUSSELS%202.htm"

Brussels." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Feb. 2013. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brussels"

"Grand Place." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Feb. 2013. Web. 21 Feb. 2013.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Place"

"Venere Travel Blog - It's Our Business Where You Sleep!" Venere Travel Blog Top 5 Sights to See in Bruges
Comments.N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013.www.venere.com/blog/bruges-things-to-see/" Chocolate

Local Waffles

Beer

French Fries

Lace Grand’ Place-Grote Markt It is the main tourist attraction in Brussles and the most memorable

it is the main square in Brussles.

Brussels's Town Hall, guildhalls, and the Breadhouse surround it.

Every two years in August a flower carpet is created using begonias to make a pattern Atomium The Atomium was built in 1958

It stands at 335 ft

It has nine stainless steel clad spheres that have a 59 ft diameter

tubes connect the spheres together that have elevators in side of them.

The elevators allow acsses to five spheres which have exhibition halls and other public spaces

The top sphere has a Birdseye view of Brussles Mannekin Pis The Mannekin Pis was built in 1619 by Jerome Durquesnoy, a sculptor.

It is 61 cm tall

Mannekin Pis translated is Little man pee. Its more commonly known as the peeing boy statue.

Its one Belgium's most famous sculptures

In 1698 the Governor of Austrian Netherlands, gave a costume to the statue, and its been a tradition ever since!

The statue has over 600 costumes Money Type- Euros

Compared to U.S.A- 1 Euro= 1.34 U.S. dollar Works Cited Engineering and metal products

Motor vehicle assembly

Transportation equipment

Scientific instruments

Processed food and beverages

Chemicals

Basic metals

Textiles

Glass

Petroleum Diamonds

Fashion

Chocolate

Beer

Flemish artists- Rubens and van Dyck Central Station Grote Markt Cathedral of our Lady- Onze Lieve Vrouwe Kathedraal Beer

Chocolate

Lace Market Square The Belfry tower The Gruuthuse The 16th century hall dominates over the trigular square


In the middle of the square stands the Brabo Fountain-the fountain was built by the architect Jef Lambaux in 1887. the sclputure represents the protagonist of Belgiums most famous legend--the mythical hero Brabo

Guild houses, which the Grote market is best known for, align the square- The original houses were burned down in the 15th century. They were rebuilt in a Flemish Renaissance style, and again restored in the 19th century. It is one of the world's most impressive railway stations. It was built between 1895 and 1905 to replace a wooden train station.

The whole complex is over1300ft long and has two entrances.

There are three levels of tracks and a shopping center which includes a diamond gallery with more than 30 diamond shops.

The main building- It was designed by the Bruges architect L. Delacenserie. the main building conistst of a huge dome and 8 smaller towers. The interior is decorated with more than 20 different kinds of marble and stone The whole inside and outside is all decorated.

Vault-The vault covers the platform and small dimanod and gold shops. It is made of iron and glass. Besides the platform, the The huge glass vault was designed by the architect J. Van Asperen. It is 185 meters long and 44 meters at its highest point. History- It is one of the finest gothic buildings in Europe. The church, which became a cathedral in 1559 replaced a Romanesque church built in the 12th century. The design of the Antwerp Cathedral is attributed to Jean Appelmans, although the construction was most likely headed by De Waghemakere. The choir and the central part of the church were built between 1352 and 1411. The west front was built between 1422 and 1474.

Tower-The last part, the tower, was finished in 1518. Of the two planned towers, only the northern was finished. The octagonal portion of the tower, constructed between 1501 and 1507 was designed by Herman de Waghemakere. The carillon inside the tower has 47 bells The 405ft)all spire reigns over the city. It is still the tallest building in the city.

Interior-The wide central nave is flanked by three aisles on each side, creating a huge interior space with 48 pillars in each aisle. The cathedral has a length of 117m. The main relic that survived the middle ages is the bronze tomb of Isabella of Bourbon. The Cathedral is also adorned with 34 huge stained windows. The Market Square acts as the heart of medieval Bruges.

In the center is a statue celebrating the heroes, Jan Breydel and Pieter de Coninc, of the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302.

The Southern side of the square displays the medieval style houses.

To the west is the Provincial Court which indicates the change that took place in Bruges architecture during the 19th century.

On the east side are various hotels and restaurants on the ground level that extend into the square and offer Belgian delights.

The square has been free of traffic since 1996 but its open for bicycles, mopeds, and buses. The Belfry tower was built in 1220, with additions in 1240. It was remade after it burned in 1280, 1491, and 1781. The final touch was a stone parapet added to the roof in 1821.

The building served as a bell tower, watchtower, and market during the thirteenth century.

It is 83 meters high it is well worth the 366-step climb to view the entire city. On your journey up the spiral staircase you can stop and catch your breath in the different rooms.

At the top you can see the 47 bells which are played like an elaborate piano through an open screen ceiling. On a clear day it is not unlikely you will see the North Sea. The Gruuthuse house and museum is a mansion that once belonged to the Gruuthuse family who were one of the richest in Bruges history

In the house there are many treasures that belonged to the Gruuthuse family.

The guided audio tour is free and available at the front desk in several languages.

Outside, in the square listen for the harp player. In the 12th century, Antwerp had its first encounter with an economic boom.

In 1356, the city, was joined to the County of Flanders and lost many of its privileges, Fifty years later, Antwerp became a world class metropolis, described as 'the loveliest city in the world.

By the first half of the 14th century, Antwerp had become the most important trading and financial center in Western Europe. It hap a reputation for wool and seaport.

During the 16th century, the River Scheldt closed due to politico- religious problems, but success came to the city because many painters and the famous Antwerp harpsichord builders.

But from 1650 till the 19th century, Antwerp went into a decline, as the Scheldt remained closed and the city became little more than a provincial town. After the fall of Napoleon at Waterloo, Antwerp entered a short period of prosperity, which ended with the Belgian Revolution. Then, the closure of the Scheldt again. The river was finally reopened for good in 1863, so Antwerp could return to its former glory.

Antwerp has experienced economic growth since the beginnig of the 20th century and is now home to the second largest port in Europe, as well as the world hub for uncut diamonds. The names Bruges comes from the old-scandinavian word Brygga which means mooring place.

During the 12th century, Bruges became a trading town causing traders to come from all over the world to sell their items especially cloth.

In the 14th century, many countries represented themselves in Bruges. Bruges became the European Center.

Bruges experienced a downfall in the 15th century, when Antwerp dominated the cloth industry. Although Bruges had an economic downfall, art and architecture continued to have success.

At the of the 16th century, Buges had no power and became the poorest city in Belgium by the middle of the 1800.

During the 20th century, Bruges started to flourish again and became an international tourist spot. Agriculture products- sugar beets
fresh vegetables
fruits
grain
tobacco
beef, veal, pork
milk
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