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Intrinsic & Extrinsic
Transcript of Intrinsic & Extrinsic
Factors that affect Sports Performance
and the purpose of analysis
Intrinsic - Motivation, diet, confidence
Extrinsic - Temperature and time of day
Analysis - Foundation and Elite
All athletes need a good nutritional diet to succeed in their sport, depending on which sport they participate in will decide what intake of food they have. Having both a good or bad diet has a knock on effect on the performance of the athlete.
Confidence is a state of mind and belief that you can achieve the challenge ahead, confidence is not fully affected by the situations you find yourself in, and it’s the thoughts and expectations that can either build or demolish confidence
The time of day and temperature involve many factors such as pitch conditions, weather and body temperature; overall these will affect the athlete's performance. If the pitch conditions are rainy and cold then it would affect the players movement due to the muscles not being at optimum temperature which would increase the risk of injury, in team sports they may have to adapt their style of play to suit the playing conditions. In addition, if playing against the wind, it would affect the work rate of the athlete
and possibly their mind set
Analysis of Sports Performance: Assignment 1 - Lauren King
There are two types of motivation:
Intrinsic and Extrinsic
Intrinsic motivation is where the athlete participates in that sport for internal satisfaction and for the pure enjoyment of the sport. As an intrinsically motivated athlete, they are more likely to work and concentrate on skill improvement and growth whilst playing the sport.
Extrinsic motivation is an athlete who participates in their sport for external satisfaction and rewards such as money, trophies and prizes; however there could be social sources for example not wanting to disappoint. An extrinsically motivated athlete will strive towards the competitiveness of the event and the performance outcome.
Extrinsic motivation is broken up into two groups which will affect their behaviour:
- Controlled by athlete
- Controlled by extrinsic rewards
How it affects sports performance
Introducing rewards such as trophies and medals, it would lead to a decrease in intrinsic motivation however it will only decrease if the rewards are one of the main reasons of participation in the event or sport.
Whereas intrinsic motivation can increase by the athlete is the reward causes the athlete to improve self-worth and competence; however professional athletes have a mixture of both intrinsic and extrinsic.
Footballers for example need a good diet and make sure they maintain it for the footballing season. Food intakes are modified to fit the requirements for a footballer to perform at their best, for example the carbohydrate intake would be higher than normal due to the energy needed for games and training.
Overall, to play at their best week in and week out players had to have a nutritional diet to meet the needs of their body before, during and after matches and training
Using a footballer as an example, if a player has a bad diet their overall performance will be affected physically and mentally.
They wouldn't be able to compete at a high level every game because if they consume too much fat, they would gradually put on weight; in addition they wouldn't have enough energy to last matches/training.
How it affects
Having a good diet will have a positive affect towards performance because you would have sufficient energy to last long periods of time; in addition you are able to recover quicker from these long periods of exercise due to the protein intake, muscles will be able to heal quicker due to the amount of protein.
Lastly your immune system will benefit because the body is put under less stress from recovering.
However if you have a bad diet in sport, the opposite will occur; thus when exercising you will become fatigued quicker, the body will not be able to recover fast enough and lastly the function of the immune system will become impaired.
Over the past 5 years at Red Bull Sebastian Vettel's confidence as grown due to race wins that have totaled up to 3 potentially 4 F1 Championships.
His confidence shows on the track by not only passing other drivers but also continuous pole positions and fastest lap times.
If an athlete has high confidence they are likely to have positive thoughts towards the task ahead, in doing so they are calm and prepared and willing to take chances yet always give maximum effort and commitment
If an athlete has low confidence they are more likely to have a negative approach to tasks and will focus more on less relevant factors such as coaches and conditions. They will show a lack in effort and unwilling to take risks and chances and will often blame others for the outcome
How it affects
If an athlete has bad confidence then their performance will suffer because they will not be performing at their best.
As a result of poor performances they are less likely to achieve and would drop down in rankings/league, or for an individual they might not be picked for their team's game.
Time of day
Performing at a certain time can affect the performance of an athlete. For example a religious person has Ramadan, therefore they can only eat after the sun sets, so if the game is played at 3pm or 5pm they would have to store energy until then; this could affect the concentration and energy levels thus affecting their performance level.
Another example would be Spanish football times, they kick off later in the evening or late morning due to the heat and possible siestas/fiestas.
Focuses on the learning and understanding of basic skills and developing a positive attitude.
This is aimed at giving school children positive experiences within sport.
Assessments on strengths and weaknesses and how to improve aren't as often.
Schools have limited resources due to money, they have no professional equipment to analyse so verbal feedback/school reports are made as teachers struggle to find time as they have other responsibilities to attend too.
At elite level, every part of an athletes performance is analysed daily to gain all possible advantages over opposition and improve their chance of success.
Health, fitness and performance are analysed on a daily basis.
At such a high level, the resources and money are available for equipment such as dartfish and other technology.
Strengths and weaknesses are viewed constantly and attempted to minimise the areas of improvement.