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Civil Rights Movement

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Simon Auer

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Civil Rights Movement

Friday, March 21, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Martin Luther King
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Kings speech at March on Washington
"Little Rock Nine"
started in 1959
Robert F. Williams openly questioned the idea of non violence
grew out of the Civil Rights Movement
political slogan and a name for ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for African/Black people in America
aims: integration, equal rights, racial pride and self-esteem
more radical movement
wanted to achieve their aims by force
nine black students were blocked from entering the school
governor sent National Guard to the High School to deny the pupils the access to school
23th September: students wanted to take part in lesson again but had to leave
24th September: president Eisenhower sent federal troops to the city to protect the students from an angry crowd
25th September: first time the nine pupils took part in a full day of school
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in a bus
August, 28th 1963
September, 23rd - 25th 1957
Civil Rights Movement
March on Washington
took place in Washington D.C.
fight for jobs and freedom (for black people)
250000 people took part (largest demonstration ever seen in United Nation's capital)
march from Washington Monument to Lincoln Memorial
extensively covered by media
included musical performances
August, 28th 1963
Black Power Movement
An American pastor getting the Nobel Peace Prize
African-American achieving self-determination

- Parks was an African-American activist

- buses were split up into a section for white people and one for black people

- on December, 1 1955 she refused to give up her seat in the colored section of the bus to a white person and was arrested

- racial segregation in buses was abolished on December 20, 1956
I have a dream
over 250.000 civil rights supporters listened to his speech (even 60.000 of them were white)
main aim: end of racism in the USA
it's also called rhetorical masterpiece because of the rhetorical devices and the references
e.g. "hundred years later, the Negro still is not free"
Peniel E. Joseph: The Black Power Movement. Routledge, 2006
Taylor Branch: The Kings Years: Historic Moments in the Civil Rights Movement. Schuster, 2013
Full transcript