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War in the Air-WWI
Transcript of War in the Air-WWI
Who Was Involved?
What is 'War in the Air'?
When Did 'War in
the Air' Take Place in WW1?
Why Was 'War in
the Air' Significant in WW1?
How Important Were Planes in WW1?
War in the air is war that happens in the air where you have an armed aircraft with machine guns and bombs fighting against other country.
Early in the war, air crafts would be very useful for spying on enemy troop movements and that it was not armed. Planes were mostly involved in observation missions during the first year of the conflict.
By 1915, planes were armed with machines gun and bombs. The Dutch aircraft manufacturer Anthony Fokker, who was working for the Germans, perfected a French invention allowing machine-gun fire through the propeller. Which gave the German an advantage since they are the first to have this type of plane.
Air crafts were used in many battles in WW1, such as 1916: The battle of Verdun and the Somme.
The French,German,American and the British was involved.
There were two famous Canadian aces who won the Victoria Cross for their actions.
Billy Bishop (Canada's most successful pilot who was credited with destroying 72 enemy planes)
William Barker (destroyed 5 enemy planes and forced ten more to retreat)
Billy Bishop was from Owen Sound, Ontario, and had originally joined the army but soon transferred to the Royal Flying Corps in 1915.
William Barker was born on November 3, 1894 in Dauphin, Manitoba, enlisted with the Canadian Mounted Rifles in December 1914. For a little over a year Barker served in the trenches of the Western Front before requesting (and received) a transfer to the Royal Flying Corps in April 1916.
The title of ace is earned when a pilot shoots down five enemy planes
Royal Flying Corps is the air arm of the British Army
Duffy, Michael. "Firstworldwar.com." First World War.com. N.p., 22 Aug. 2009. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
Wilkin, Bernard. "Aerial Warfare during World War One." The British Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
Bolotta, Angelo, Dennis Gerrard, and Denise Shortt. "5." Canada, Face of a Nation. Scarborough, Ont.: Gage Educational Pub., 2000. 49-50. Print.
Taylor, Alan. "World War I in Photos: Aerial Warfare." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 25 May 2014. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
"Aviation in World War I." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Sept. 2014. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
At the beginning of World War 1, airplanes were still a fairly new form of technology.
During the first few months planes were used for reconnaissance
When pilots realized that the enemy's planes had to be stopped, they tried to create air crafts that could attack each other.
Air warfare wasn't easy until mid-1915, when a Dutch aircraft designer named Anton Fokker developed a timing mechanism that synchronized the machine gun with the plane's propeller
For five years, planes have been used since the beginning of the war and through this time the airplane developed into a more reliable technology.
In the beginning of the war, aircraft's were not used because of the question, "Are they useful in war?"
In 1914 aircraft's were introduced into WW1 and played a critical part in the 'War of Movement'
Ace fighter pilots became popular heroes and were portrayed as modern knights
Russia was the first to develop a plane that dropped bombs
On August 1, 1915, German pilots Oswald Boelcke and Max Immelmann became the first pilots to shoot down another aircraft using Anton Fokker’s method.
Where Did 'War in the
Air' Take Place During WW1?
British reconnaissance plane flying over enemy lines, in France.
Canadian flier over Cambrai, October 13, 1918
an aerial photographer
Reconnaissance helped Germany invade France
In April 1917, the average life expectancy of a British pilot on the Western Front was only 3.8 flying days.
attempt to mount a forward-firing gun
War in the air was significant in WW1 for Canada because 4 of the 7 Ace fighters were Canadian and 25,000 Canadians served as pilots in the British air service
War in the air played a critical role in the war
Who was the
The Red Baron
(Manfred von Richthofen)
He was a German fighter pilot during World War 1
Top ace, 80 victories
He was a German top ace fighter pilot during World War 1 who won 80 victories
Which famous Canadian
ace destroyed 72 enemy planes?
Billy Bishop destroyed
72 enemy planes
Where did 'War in the
Air' take place?
(Name at least 1 place)
In what ways did
pilots try to create
combat in the air?
using rifles and sometimes even pistols
mounting guns on the plane
How important were
planes in WWI?
Planes were very important nearing the ending of the war. They were mainly used for reconnaissance but also got involved in aerial combat.
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The Red Baron plane
What is The Red Baron's real name?
Manfred von Richthofen