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THE 1960's :)
Transcript of THE 1960's :)
Intro: The Swingin 60's
Cinema and Theater
Health and Medical Advancements
Trends and Fads
Art, Literature, and Dance
Technology, Gadgets, & Automobiles
* Breast implants
* First human heart transplant
* Peace, Love, and Prosperity
* Folk rock
* LSD (Acid)
* Marijuana (pot)
*Most popular recreational activity
* From popping pills to smoking pot
* To express defiance (it wasn't a social norm before the 60s)
Jumping Jack Pinball
Barbie was invented in 1959, but became popular in 1960’s
Rock'Em - Sock'Em Robots
Etch-a-Sketch invented in 50’s marketed in 60’s
Mouse Trap Board Game
* Rubella German Measles
*Overeaters anonymous founded
* Weight watchers founded
* Vegetarians for political and non-political
* Leo Sternbach invented it
* Most prescribed drug in the nation (during the 60s)
* About 58 million prescribed
* 108 million refilled
* Accounted for 14% of prescribed drugs
* Adults took medications like valium
*Birth control is approved by the FDA
* First aerobics book published in 1968
The Swingin’ 60’s was a time of living for the day and living it to its fullest.
*With the war going on, people became focused on recreations and getting away from the conformity of the 50’s.
*With a bright young president and a world of change, people began to view things differently.
*During the 60’s conservative views took a back seat to the Civil Rights movement and Feminist movements.
*The 60’s swung the world out of its old ideas and into a new age of change.
Multiplayer video games
* The first was Spacewar created by Steve Russell
CD's (created by James Russell)
Hand held Calculator
ARPAnet (type of internet)
*BASIC was a computer programming language
* Not as complicated as others
* Made it more accessible to people (don't have to be a scientist to understand computer language)
* Created by John George Kemeny and Tom Kurtz
* Electric fuel injection
* High performance cars
* Blues and reds were favored for cars
* Black was very popular
Chevy Corvette Sting Ray
Ford Shelby Mustang
* Households with televisions rose from 45 million to 60 million by the end of the decade
* ABC, NBC and CBS became a dominating force in TV Programming
* Networks and TV Stations made the move from New York to California
* Networks switched over to all color programming to attract more audience
* Many complained that the television was a waste because it did not show quality programming and it was all violence
Family Sitcom Shows
*Created a shift of television from action-adventure shows to sitcoms to make it more family friendly
*Sitcoms downplay character development in favor of many plots that wrap up by the end of the episode
*Characters are static and predictable and do not change throughout the course of the series
*Shows like this included The Beverly Hillbillies, The Dick Van Dyke Show and The Andy Griffith Show
*Families were sometimes unusual to attract viewers like in The Addams Family, The Munsters, and Bewitched
*The Flintstones was also released in the 1960’s and featured Fred and Wilma Flintstone, cartoon cavepersons
*Family Western Shows were also a part of this new change and included show such as The Virginian, The Rifleman, Bonanza and Gunsmoke
Chatty Cathy Commercial
The Andy Griffith Show
The Addams Family
Other Big TV Moments
* With the US closer to going to space, Star Trek became popular in the early 1960’s
* More Fantasy shows were being created, one of them being The Twilight Zone
* Talk Show like formats began to become popular as well with The Ed Sullivan Show and The Tonight Show, as well as comedy like shows such as Candid Camera and Laugh-in!
* In 1969, Sesame Street began to offer preschool children both entertainment and education on PBS.
* From 1964 to 1966 British rock bands including-
*The Rolling Stones
* The Animals
*Gerry and the Pacemakers
*The Dave Clark Five
dominated the pop charts on both sides of the Atlantic.
The Rolling Stones
* British Pop / Rock band
* John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr
* The Beatles first became known in America after appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show
* Beatlemania started
* Beatlemania: term that originated during the 1960s to describe the intense fan frenzy directed toward The Beatles, the original “fangirl”
Beatlemania in full force
*The British way of life was included in the way people acted and dressed
*"I Want to Hold Your Hand" sold more than 1 million copies within 10 days of being released in the United States in 1964.
*Other top US Hits included "Can't Buy Me Love," "A Hard Day's Night," and "I Feel Fine"
*5 Albums went Gold in the 60’s
“Cars”. ascu.buffalo. n.p. n.d. Web 08 June. 2013.
“Anodynes & estrogens”. 2.uah.es. American Chemical Society. 2000. Web.
08 June. 2013.
Rosemary A. Stevens, Ph.D. “Health Care in the Early 1960s.” ssa.gov.
Healthcare financing review. 1996. Web. 08 June. 2013.
Linda Ray. “POPULAR EXERCISE PROGRAMS OF THE 1960S”.livestrong.
Livestrong. 19 Jan. 2011. Web. 08 June 2013.
“7 decades of wanky dieting trends”. today. NBCnews. 2012. Web. 08 June.
“Vaccines Timeline, 50 Years of Vaccine Progress”. CDC. CDC. n.d. Web. 08
Susan Goodwin and Becky Bradley. “American Culture History, 1960- 1969”.
kclibrary.lonestar. Lone Star College Kingwood Library. 2011. Web. 08 June. 2013.
Jessica and Amy. “The Groovy 1960’s, The Decade of Peace and Love”.
kidsnewsroom. History Channel. n.d. Web. 08 June. 2013.
* Abstract expressionism was the dominant style of modern art from World War II to the 1960s
* Abstract expressionism was the attempt to express powerful content by removing all that was short-lived and inessential and retaining what was native and essential
*Multiple artists "borrowed" the techniques used by cubists like Picasso and Braque who sought to express the essence of objects and rearrange those elements through abstracts of familiar shapes and forms
* Famous artists were Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline, and Willem de Kooning
Beatles' "mod" look
Short, fitted jackets
Skinny tapered trousers
Paisley shirts with big collars and big lapels
Wide colorful ties
Bold and colorful patterns
* Known for "action painting"
*The artist moved across a large canvas spread on the floor and dripped, squirted, and flung paint onto the surface, using such simple instruments as house-painting brushes, meat basters, and trowels
* Appears to be random, but Pollock remains consistent in his artwork
* Well-known for his large black-on-white abstractions painted with gestural strokes
* Supplied an alternate name for abstract epressionism- gestural abstraction
*Used house-painting brushes and gestured as non-artists would with their hands
* Painted them like that to express feeling
Fashion Icon: Twiggy
Willem de Kooning
* Most influential of the abstract expressionists
* Broad gestural strokes and multilayer painting
* His pictures contained recognizable images as well as references to earlier paintings
Model, actress, and singer
Mary Quant-Mod style
Neon colored minis
Large eyes, long eyelashes
* Associated with the spirit of the decade
*Art based on modern popular culture and mass media
*Focused on American democratic spirit, and growth in American commercialism and technology in the 1950s and 1960s
* Mostly American in inspiration and among the most famous Pop Artists
Long and straight
* Influenced by growth of science and technology
* Reached greater heights in Europe than in the United States
* Included visual effects through such techniques as:
* repeating periodic structures or geometric figures
* the phi phenomenon (the impression that fixed images such as dots are moving)
* moiré patterns (superimposing one periodic structure on another to create a watery or shimmering effect)
* hard-edged designs to enhance contrast, and sharply contrasting colors
Food and Beverages
Popular Authors and Poets
* Ernest Hemingway
* William Faulkner
* John Steinbeck
*The Mashed Potato
*The Funky Chicken
*Dances displayed enthusiasm and spontaneity, individualism, and the unconventional
1969-Red Robin, Wendy's, Cracker Barrel
Rated C for Change
*Jack Valenti created a system that was able to create a rating system that made it easier for filmmakers to distribute their films
* Allowed people to know what the films would contain in such areas as sex and violence
* G for films suitable for a general audience
* M for films suitable for a mature audience, with parental guidance suggested
*R for films restricted to viewers at least 16 years of age unless accompanied by a parent or adult guardian
* X for films to which only those 16 years of age or older would be admitted
*Mostly applied to principally language, sex, and violence
*On the Road
*Appealed to new generations of young Americans
*Captured the nonconformist ideals of the generation
*Published 1959 in Paris, but appeared in US in 1962
*Wielded great influence
*Reflected bohemian lifestyle
*Rejected modern society's standards and values
*Love and sex
*Easter religions (especially Zen Buddhism)
*Opposed the Vietnam War
*Supported progressive social movements (civil rights)
*One of the most important Beats poets
*Student of Buddhism
Important books of poetry during the decade included Kaddish and Other Poems (1961), Reality Sandwiches (1963), and Planet News (1968)
*Gravity's Rainbow (1973)
*Metafiction (meaning to go beyond traditional views of fiction by being self-reflective)
*Critics describe as America's greatest postmodernist novel
*Films with sex and drugs were popular
* Introduced audiences to:
*World of modern poverty
*Homosexuality in New York City
* Attempted to portray every aspect of counterculture
Stanley Kramer's Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
*Attempted to make tolerance more palatable
*Challenged racial prejudice
* Starred Sidney Poitier, the leading black film star
*Symbol of the older generation's moral degeneration
*Depicted alienation of the younger generation from the old
*Director Mike Nichols won an Oscar for the film
*Earned acclaim for its soundtrack, which won three Grammy awards
First introduced in 1963 by Hasbro
Sold over 500,000 in first year
Became a household name
Original was turquoise with a handle and fake stove top
Still around today
Coca-Cola introduced new products
12 oz canned soda (1960)
Diet soft drink (1963)
Food was influenced by a variety of things including: French culture, vegetarianism, ethnicity, food chains/junk food.
Tunnel of fudge cake
Outlawed racial segregation
National Organization for Women (NOW)
Banned gender discrimination