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Unit 5- Imperialism (Part 1)
Transcript of Unit 5- Imperialism (Part 1)
FAMINE AND DISCRIMINATION IN EUROPE!!
The Need to REFORM:
THE RIGHT TO VOTE!
Groups looking to obtain SUFFRAGE:
1.The PROLETARIAT (working class)
The Drefus Affair:
. An anti- Semitic scandal against a French Army officer
- General Alfred Dreyfus:
. Jewish officer
in the French Army
HE WAS ACCUSED AND FOUND GUILTY OF: PROVIDING MILITARY SECRETS TO GERMANY
** A retrial was later set- Dreyfus was framed!**
- Impact that this trial had on France:
. Divided society
. between Dreyfus supporters and anti-Semites
Prejudice/ hate against JEWS
The Potato Famine:
SEVERE food shortage
1 MILLION died; another 1.5 emigrated
mostly to the US.
what is Imperialism?
A stronger country dominating the political,
social, and economic means of another
Because of the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, by the 1800-1900's, the
World's MOST POWERFUL countries were:
1.) Europeans began to believe in SOCIAL DARWINSIM
"Natural Selection"- Europeans are naturally the strongest and superior race...
"WHITE MAN"S BURDEN"
. 1800's= Asia & Africa
. GEOPOLITICS= interest in an area for
its strategic location (markets, resources, trade)
Types of IMPERIAL control
DIRECT INDIRECT .
of Colonists .
PATERNALISM= provided for them, but gave no rights; complete control
End Goal: .
ASSIMILATION= forcing one Use Brit. gov. as a
group (colonists) to adopt the MODEL, so one day they
cultureof another (France) can govern themselves
The Ottoman Empire Loses Power!!!
Re-Cap: "Sulieman the Magnificent"
The Last GREAT Ottoman ruler (1500's)
THE CRIMEAN WAR- 1854
RUSSIA OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Control of the BLACK SEA
How the War ended...
. Britain and France joined sides with
the Ottomans to defeat Russia
*** The Crimean War revealed:
THE WEAKNESS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
The Scramble for Africa!!
Berlin Conference (1884)
Europe's most powerful countries met in Berlin to divide Africa amongst them
Who was EXCLUDED from the Conference?
WHy did Europe have sooo much interest in Africa?
1. Rich mineral resources (Gold, Salt)
2. To "WESTERNIZE" africans
3. Christian missionaries wanted
to convert them
European countries were able to take control of Africa
They had FAR superior weapons; there was a lack of African unity...
The Boer War
- CASE STUDY: THE BOER WAR
In your notes, read about the Boer War
and answer the questions that follow.
Dutch farmers in S. Africa
Here comes the Big, Bad, British!
Took Control of Cape Colony in
In the 1860' & 1880's,
The Boer's were unhappy with all of the foreigners, and in 1899,
gold were discovered there.
took up arms against the Brits, with Zulu help
*** The Boer War was the first modern TOTAL WAR***
- By 1910,
Britain won, and took
complete control of S. Africa
Britain Imperializes INDIA!!!
Britain called India
"Jewel in the Crown"
ALL OF BRIT'S COLONIES
. BRIT'S MOST VALUABLE COLONY= INDIA
wHY WAS iNDIA THE MOST VALUABLE OF ALL?
- Most profitable trading
post between Europe and Asia
2. Major supplier of Raw Material
3. 300 million people= lots of workers!!
EAST INDIA COMPANY
The British RAJ in India (1858-1947)
. Indian soldiers for the
East India Company
Religion of Sepoys:
Hindu & Islam
. Gun cartridges were greased with animal fat; which needed to be removed with teeth. Hindus- COW IS SACRED; Muslims- DON'T EAT PORK
** Result:________________ sepoys refused to use those cartridges. British commanders response:
85 of 90
the 85 who disobeyed were jailed!!
Because Indians thought the imprisonment of the Sepoys was unfair,
Other Sepoys and Indian citizens rose up,
Fighting to get the British out of India for good!
Fierce fighting took place for a year, UNTIL-
The British were able to regain control
Because of religious differences, Muslims & Hindus could not unite
Britain won, and implemented DIRECT CONTROL in India
West Africa, Indochina
South Africa, India
Use native people to help rule; less controlling
AFRICA BEFORE AND AFTER; The Effect of Imperialism:
Now...Let's Move on to East Asia!
The period of DIRECT rule imposed on India after the Indian's staged a deadly rebellion against the British.
Indian Soldiers who worked for the British East India Co.
) were forced to use new gun cartridges greased with animal fat; this violated their Hindu (cow=sacred) an Muslim (pig=dirty) faiths.
The Sepoys and Indian civilians fought hard to remove the British from India! It ended when the Hindus and Muslims were no longer unified; the British then imposed harsh, direct rule on India.