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The Shang Dynasty: The Yellow River Civilization
Transcript of The Shang Dynasty: The Yellow River Civilization
Organization Dynastic China faced various challenges that led to chaotic, power-shifting periods referred to by terms like dynasties. The Shang dynasty is thought to have run from c. 1600 - c.1100 B.C. Geography Most of the descendants of the Shang Dynasty inhabited the lower end of the Yellow River during the time of the Xia Dynasty. Its capital was known as Yin that is presently known as the Xiaotun Village, in Anyang City of Henan Province. Economy Beliefs The Shang Dynasty were polytheistic, they worshiped many gods and ancestors.
It was thought that the success of crops and health of people were based on the happiness of dead ancestors. If the ancestors of a family were pleased, life for that family would be prosperous. However if the spirits were not pleases, tragedies could occur. Shang Ti the “lord on high” was the god worshiped by everyone. It was very important to keep him happy because he was believed to be the link between heavenly beings. The souls of ancestors would visit with him and receive instructions. He was often kept happy with various rituals, prayers, offerings, and sometimes even human sacrifices. Technology Shang Dynasty exisited during Chinas Bronze Age. Bronze then represented power, wealth, and luxury. Only poeple with any degree of power in the kingdom had access to using bronze objects. There were two categories: weapons and ceremonial vessels for food and wine. Bronze was not used for common tools. Archaeologists dug up pieces that weighed up tp 2,000 pounds. The Shang perfected a technique known as piece-mold casting, a complicated process that involved creating a mold, cracking the mold away, and adding handles as a final step. The shape, design and, decoration changed over time according to changing importance of rituals and belief sysytems. Arts Shang rulers attached great importance to agriculture. Fishing began to grow as an industry as the people fished in the fresh waters. Slaves indeed constituted an integral part of the Shang economy. Rise and Fall Contributions The Shang Dynasty marked the middle of China’s Bronze Age and was a dynasty that made great contributions to Chinese civilization.
. The Shang is the second dynasty of the Three Dynasties Period
Legends speak of the earlier Xia dynasty, but no written records from that time have been found to confirm this The Shang Dynasty, or Yin Dynasty, was the first real historic Chinese Dynasty.
Long thought to be only a “Legendary Dynasty”, it ruled in the northeastern region of area known as “China Proper”, which refers to the lands of China where the Han Chinese were the Majority Ethnic Group. Slavery Best known for its poetry. Materials used to make articles are known as the First Oriental Civilization in the 1600 Bc. Shang or yin Dynasty was first Chinese dynasty to rule the yellow river valley or “Proper china. Oracle bones, bone, turtle shell, or cattle scapulae pieces, inscribed with Chinese characters, During the Shang Dynasty the slave system was very tyrannical and included rituals such as the Sacrifice System of Killing People. These were practiced in the middle period of the dynasty. During the final period, people could no longer bear such a fierce and cruel system and this, on top of the despotical rule of the Emperor Zhou’s rule, caused uprisings to break out across the dynasty. The dynasty was finally overthrown by Emperor Wu, the chief of Zhou tribes living in the western part of the Shang Dynasty.