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The Great Fire of London: Accident or Arson?

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by

S Thompson

on 23 November 2016

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Transcript of The Great Fire of London: Accident or Arson?

The Great Fire of London, 1666: Accident or Arson?
The Great Fire of London, 1666: Accident or Arson?
Key Words:
Arson
- The crime of deliberately starting a fire
Embers
- The hot pieces of wood left over after a fire
Accident?
The fire started on Sunday, 2 September and lasted until Wednesday, 5 September, 1666.
In a bakery on Pudding Lane, a fire started which soon became a roaring firestorm.
The flames reached temperatures of over 1,000 degrees Celsius!
It destroyed 13,200 houses and 87 churches, including St. Paul's Cathedral!
http://www.tes.co.uk/teaching-resource/Sky-Atlantic-and-39-s-The-British-Great-Fire-of-London-6297532
L.O: To understand the different theories of how the fire of London started in 1666.
L.O: To be able to use evidence to make a judgement
What is this?
L.O: To understand the different theories of how the fire of London started in 1666.
L.O: To be able to use evidence to make a judgement
Arson?
What is an accident?
Weeks before the Great Fire, the British Navy had sailed to the city of West Terschelling in Holland and set fire to it in an act of diplomatic piracy.
L.O: To understand the different theories of how the fire of London started in 1666.
L.O: To be able to use evidence to make a judgement
What Do You Think?
What is arson?...
L.O: To understand the different theories of how the fire of London started in 1666.
L.O: To be able to use evidence to make a judgement
The Fire of London started accidentally in a bakery, right? That wasn't the view at the time - many believed it was a terrorist attack and violent reprisals against possible suspects soon followed.
It is widely believed that The Fire of London was a complete accident. A spark from a bakers oven caused a fire to start which soon spread across the city.
The Bakery was on Pudding Lane and was owned by Thomas Farriner. It is said that his maid forgot to put out the ovens properly. As the city was made out of so much wood and the wind was so strong, the fire was able to spread quickly.
Samuel Pepys - The Famous Diarist
Samuel Pepys was born on 23rd February 1633 in London. He was very clever and studied at Cambridge University. He started writing his famous diary when he was 27 years old.

During the Great Fire Samuel Pepys was angry because so many people fled and didn’t try to help put out the fire. Pepys famously buried his best cheese and wine in a box in his garden.

He visited Charles ll and told him what to do. “Pull down the buildings,” he said. “Then there shall be gaps which will stop the fire from spreading.”

His diary tells us a lot of information about what happened during the fire and is one of the ways that we can learn about what happened in the past.

He started to become blind and stopped writing his diary when he was 36. He died on May 26th 1703 at the age of 70.
Why is Samuel Pepys significant?
L.O: To understand the different theories of how the fire of London started in 1666.
L.O: To be able to use evidence to make a judgement
Full transcript