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Coral Reef Ecosystem

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Danielle Bates

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Coral Reef Ecosystem

Biogeochemical Cycles Carbon Cycle Water Cycle Nitrogen Cycle Cell Systems photosynthesis cellular respiration Coral Reef Ecosystem Environmental Facotors abiotic factors biotic factors Human Impact Ecosystem Overview Symbiosis mutualism commensalism parasitism Predation herbivore carnivore omnivore detritivore Defenses mimicry camouflage Niche/Habitat Trophic Levels Primary Producers Primary Consumers Secondary Consumers Tertiary Consumers Monera Protista Plantae Food Chain/Web Danielle Bates, Rebekah Best, Ryan Ganaban
Group 1 Block 4B 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2

Occurs in chloroplasts

All autotrophic organisms (producers)

Two stages:
Light Reactions - converts light energy to chemical energy in grana
Calvin Cycle - assembles glucose molecules in stroma

Glucose is the food C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → --> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP

Occurs in mitochondria (in eukaryotes), within the cytoplasm (in prokaryotes)

All organisms

Three stages:
Glycolysis - breaks down glucose
Krebs cycle -produce ATP for final stage
Electron transport chain - Produce ATP for whole cell

Cellular respiration provides the energy for all life processes

ATP gives off CO2 to help power photosynthesis Allows toxic biological waste products to be converted into harmless compounds through the use of bacteria
Ammonia(NH4) turns into a less toxic Nitrate (NO2)
Bacteria convert the nitrate into nitrogen gas (N2) Temperature
Nutrients
Light
Salinity
Depth
Wave Motions
Oxygen
Carbon Dioxide All organisms with the most important being:
Algae
Zooxanthellae
Coral
Sea lice
Phytoplankton
Sea Grass the way two organisma interact in which each organism benefits
corals and zooxanthellae
Coral gives off ammonia, zooxanthellae eat the ammonia for food, cleans the coral, if zooxanthellae die, coral will bleach and die association between two organisma in which one benefits and the other is neither benefited or haarmed
parrotfish and goldlined rabbitfish
Parrotfish is relatively defenseless to predation, parrotfish find refuge in schools of goldlined rabbitfish who change color to avoid predator detection, and have venomous spines on pelvic fins (as last resort) relationship of two organisms in which one benefits and the other is harmed
sea louse and fish
Sea lice feed on the mucus, epidermal tissue, and blood of host fish animals that ingest both plants and animals
Staghorn coral
eat organic byproducts of photosynthesis from zooxanthellae and some small fish and zooplankton animals that only eat plants
Goldlined rabbitfish
eat mangroves and sea grasses animals that only eat other animals
Bommies cod
predator of smaller reef fish organism that eats organic waste and dead organisms
Ceriosporopsis Halima
decomposes plants adaptation in which a species blends in with its surroundings, helps avoid detection from predators
Goldlined rabbitfish “copycat” adaptation where one species mimics the appearance of another
Batesian: palatable (harmless) species mimics an unpalatable or harmful model
Mullerian: two unpalatable species in the same community mimic each other, both gain adaptive advantage because predators learn to avoid any prey with their appearance Energy Pyramid zooxanthellae Habitat
they live in coral reefs
Niche
it is a necessary algae for the survival of coral staghorn coral Habitat
Coral can be found in waters of the ocean as long as they have light
Niche
coral is the structure for the whole coral reef ecosystem & provides a place for organisms to hide and or live in. gobies Habitat
They live in shallow water mainly in coral reefs or patches of sea grassNiche
they help to clean fish and coral wrasse Habitat
they live in rocky areas and coral reefsNiche
some wrasse help to clean larger fish, while larger wrasse help to prevent over population of smaller fish. CO2 is used in cellular respiration and photosynthesis in coral
After cellular respiration and photosynthesis the coral releases oxygen which is dissolved in the water
This then keeps the ecosystem going as the carbon is absorbed by organisms and released when they are consumed or decomposed as well When it rains the CO2 in the rain dissolves in the water
When the oxygen is released in the carbon cycle it is then carried into the air through the evaporation process, CO2 is also carried out through evaporation blue-green algae brown algae red algae phytoplankton zooxanthellae mangroves sea lettuce seagrass dead man's fingers Animalia staghorn coral table coral brain coral mushroom coral sea squirt cryptotethya sponge flamingo tongue fan worms Fungi ceriosporopsis halim phoma Protista zooplankton Animalia goby pistol shrimp parrotfish spiny lobster Animalia bommies cod coral trout sea lice wrasse description coral reef
in salt water
we chose corals with structure
non-coral animals are food or beneficial
shoreline protection representative organisms Animalia
- staghorn coral
Plantae
- seagrass
Fungi
- phoma
Prostista
- phytoplankton
Monera
- blue-green algae Climate sensitive
16-30 degrees Celsius
need stable temperature and salinity Direct Human Impact pollution
overfishing
destructive fishing
construction
mangrove cutting
tourism Natural Disasters ocean acidification
earthquakes
hurricanes
climate change Contribution to Class Biosphere protection for land
food
medicines
nutrients
water cycle
carbon cycle
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