Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Transcript of Coral Reef Ecosystem
Group 1 Block 4B 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Occurs in chloroplasts
All autotrophic organisms (producers)
Light Reactions - converts light energy to chemical energy in grana
Calvin Cycle - assembles glucose molecules in stroma
Glucose is the food C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → --> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP
Occurs in mitochondria (in eukaryotes), within the cytoplasm (in prokaryotes)
Glycolysis - breaks down glucose
Krebs cycle -produce ATP for final stage
Electron transport chain - Produce ATP for whole cell
Cellular respiration provides the energy for all life processes
ATP gives off CO2 to help power photosynthesis Allows toxic biological waste products to be converted into harmless compounds through the use of bacteria
Ammonia(NH4) turns into a less toxic Nitrate (NO2)
Bacteria convert the nitrate into nitrogen gas (N2) Temperature
Carbon Dioxide All organisms with the most important being:
Sea Grass the way two organisma interact in which each organism benefits
corals and zooxanthellae
Coral gives off ammonia, zooxanthellae eat the ammonia for food, cleans the coral, if zooxanthellae die, coral will bleach and die association between two organisma in which one benefits and the other is neither benefited or haarmed
parrotfish and goldlined rabbitfish
Parrotfish is relatively defenseless to predation, parrotfish find refuge in schools of goldlined rabbitfish who change color to avoid predator detection, and have venomous spines on pelvic fins (as last resort) relationship of two organisms in which one benefits and the other is harmed
sea louse and fish
Sea lice feed on the mucus, epidermal tissue, and blood of host fish animals that ingest both plants and animals
eat organic byproducts of photosynthesis from zooxanthellae and some small fish and zooplankton animals that only eat plants
eat mangroves and sea grasses animals that only eat other animals
predator of smaller reef fish organism that eats organic waste and dead organisms
decomposes plants adaptation in which a species blends in with its surroundings, helps avoid detection from predators
Goldlined rabbitfish “copycat” adaptation where one species mimics the appearance of another
Batesian: palatable (harmless) species mimics an unpalatable or harmful model
Mullerian: two unpalatable species in the same community mimic each other, both gain adaptive advantage because predators learn to avoid any prey with their appearance Energy Pyramid zooxanthellae Habitat
they live in coral reefs
it is a necessary algae for the survival of coral staghorn coral Habitat
Coral can be found in waters of the ocean as long as they have light
coral is the structure for the whole coral reef ecosystem & provides a place for organisms to hide and or live in. gobies Habitat
They live in shallow water mainly in coral reefs or patches of sea grassNiche
they help to clean fish and coral wrasse Habitat
they live in rocky areas and coral reefsNiche
some wrasse help to clean larger fish, while larger wrasse help to prevent over population of smaller fish. CO2 is used in cellular respiration and photosynthesis in coral
After cellular respiration and photosynthesis the coral releases oxygen which is dissolved in the water
This then keeps the ecosystem going as the carbon is absorbed by organisms and released when they are consumed or decomposed as well When it rains the CO2 in the rain dissolves in the water
When the oxygen is released in the carbon cycle it is then carried into the air through the evaporation process, CO2 is also carried out through evaporation blue-green algae brown algae red algae phytoplankton zooxanthellae mangroves sea lettuce seagrass dead man's fingers Animalia staghorn coral table coral brain coral mushroom coral sea squirt cryptotethya sponge flamingo tongue fan worms Fungi ceriosporopsis halim phoma Protista zooplankton Animalia goby pistol shrimp parrotfish spiny lobster Animalia bommies cod coral trout sea lice wrasse description coral reef
in salt water
we chose corals with structure
non-coral animals are food or beneficial
shoreline protection representative organisms Animalia
- staghorn coral
- blue-green algae Climate sensitive
16-30 degrees Celsius
need stable temperature and salinity Direct Human Impact pollution
tourism Natural Disasters ocean acidification
climate change Contribution to Class Biosphere protection for land
nitrogen cycle Adona. "Staghorn Coral." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Staghorn-coral-1.jpg>.
Blue-Green Algae. Dogster. SAY, 31 Dec. 2012. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.dogster.com/lifestyle/dog-health-super-blue-green-algae-supplement-dogs>.
"Blue Wrasse." Fish Species of Nelson Bay. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.daveharasti.com/nelsonbay/fish/achoerodus_viridis.jpg>.
Boaz, R. "A Parrot Fish at the Coral Reef." Wunderground. Wunder Weather, 5 Apr. 2009. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.wunderground.com/wximage/viewsingleimage.html?mode=singleimage&handle=BoazR&number=4052>.
Brown Algae. Ocean Explorer. NOAA, 25 Aug. 2012. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/04etta/logs/aug25/media/sargassum.html>.
"Caribbean Spiny Lobster." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 14 Mar. 2013. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Caribbean_spiny_lobster.jpg>.
Coral Trout. Fin Top Bin. Blogspot, 10 July 2011. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://fliptopbin.blogspot.com/2011/07/townsville-great-barrier-reef-scuba.html>.
Dead Man's Fingers. Monterey Bay Aquarium. Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/animals/AnimalDetails.aspx?enc=Z5SIVkZ+n+W42rkzZbN4NA==>.
"Flamingo Tongue." South Florida Reefs. Reef Guide, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://reefguide.org/keys/pixhtml/flamingo11.html>.
Gobies. Aquatic Animals. infolinks, 26 May 2011. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://hynpoikanikan.blogspot.com/2011/05/gobies.html>.
Gold Lined Rabbitfish. Reefkeeping. Reefkeeping Magazine, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://reefkeeping.com/issues/2008-12/fish/index.php>.
Hobgood, Nick. "Bispira sp. (Tubeworm)." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 21 Oct. 2006. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bispira_sp._(Tubeworm).jpg>.
Cryptotethya. Cryptotethya Crypta and Other Sea Sponge Wonders. BioWeb, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/2011/szotkows_pete/reproduction.htm>.
"Polycarpa Aurata (Sea Squirt)." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 11 Nov. 2006. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Triphyllozoon_inornatum_(Bryozoan)_and_Polycarpa_aurata_(Sea_quirt).jpg>.
Kils, Uwe. "Copepod." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 5 Sept. 2008. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Copepodkils.jpg>.
King, Jennifer. "Adaptations in Coral Reefs." eHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/list_6132753_adaptations-coral-reefs.html>.
Laman, Tim. "Forest of the Tide." National Geographic. National Geographic Magazine, Feb. 2007. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/02/mangroves/warne-text>.
Laverty, Adam. "Grooved Brain Coral." About Utila. Web Master, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.aboututila.com/PhotoGallery/PGCorals01.htm>.
Law, Steven. "Pistol Shrimp." Curious Things. WordPress, 14 Oct. 2012. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://curiosity101.com/pistol-shrimp-stun-their-prey-with-supersonic-blast/>.
Lewis, Allison M. "Symbiodinium." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 13 May 2012. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Symbiodinium_Wikipedia_v2_(1).png>.
Moody, Chris. "Cleaner Shrimp." Wikipedia. Wkikpedia, 11 Aug. 2007. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cleaner_Shrimp_on_zoanthus_macro.jpg>.
"Mutualism." Canisius Ambassadors of Conservation. Canisius College, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.conservenature.org/learn_about_wildlife/great_barrier_reef/mutualism.htm>.
NASA. "Sulphide Bacteria Crop." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2007. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sulphide_bacteria_crop.jpg>.
Natoli, John. Bommies Cod. Underwater Australia. Underwater, 25 Jan. 2005. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://underwater.com.au/image.php/id/1876/>.
NEON. "Phytoplankton Lake Chuzenji." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 13 Feb. 2007. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phytoplankton_Lake_Chuzenji.jpg>.
Newton, Andrew. "Red Algae." Flickr. Flickr, 26 June 2007. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/pandasimages/627255984/>.
Norton, Dan. "Mushroom Coral." Coral. Coral Reef Alliance, 9 July 2011. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.coral.org/node/5482>.
P, Hannah, Audrey S, and Erin B. "Coral Reef Facts." Biomes First 09. WikiSpaces, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://biomesfirst09.wikispaces.com/Coral+Reef+Facts>.
Pakmat. "Table Coral." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 25 June 2007. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Table_coral.jpg>.
Raja Ampat Islands. 2012. Photograph. The Most Beautiful Underwater Tourism. Design Photo Album.
Reef Corner. N.p., 5 June 2011. Web. 11 May 2013. <http://www.reefcorner.com/index.htm>.
"Sea Grass." The Washington Post. The Washington Post, 17 Feb. 2012. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-02-17/lifestyle/35443164_1_sea-grass-underwater-meadows-olive-trees>.
Sea Lettuce. The Seaweed Site. AlgaeBase, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.seaweed.ie/algae/ulva.php>.
Sea Lice. Farmed and Dangerous. CAAR, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.farmedanddangerous.org/newsletter/2010/03/1442/>.
Supressivo. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2013. <http://spressivo.com/isa/coralreef/abiotic.htm>.
Zuhlke, Samantha. "Coral Reef Food Web." National Geographic. Nation Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/media/coral-reef-food-web/?ar_a=1>. Works Cited The end. Thank you!