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Russian Revolution Timeline 1917-1924
Transcript of Russian Revolution Timeline 1917-1924
By Ryan Jao
Bolsheviks revolution/October revolution (November in Gregorian calender)
January- October 1919
Died January 21st, 1924
He never fully recovered from the wound in 1921
Some believed he died as a result of over work
There arises a dilemma between Stalin and Trotsky on who should be in power now
Stalin eventually becomes His successor
200,000 workers go on strike in an attempt to overthrow Tsar
Some of the troops sent to control the protesters actually joined with protesting and shot their own leaders
By March 14th, the Tsar resigned his throne, this was when the Soviet group and Duma group collaborated and declared Provisional Government
Petrograd Soviet was established to represent the workers and soldiers
They formed in hopes to extended their jurisdiction as rivalry power to the Provisional Government
April 16th, Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia!
Who: Vladimir Lenin
What: He returns to Russia from exile
When: April 16th, 1917
Where: Returns from Switzerland
Why: The Germans smuggled him back into Russia because they thought that he would cause more trouble for the Russian army
How: He was smuggled through a sealed train in which the Germans provided
Lenin's renowned April Thesis
Called for immediate peace, seizure of the gentry land, all power to Soviets, and the seizure of factories
Developed winning slogan of "Peace, Bread, and Land"
Gained the recognition of the leader of amongst the Bolsheviks and Soviets
Protests against Provisional Government
Bolsheviks attempt to overthrow Provisional Government with the protesters, but fail
Vladimir Lenin is then forced to leave Russia, but continued to lead Bolsheviks in Finland
Alexander Kerensky becomes the Prime minister of the Provisional Government
Major conference of present and former government officials met to solve Russia's problems, but failed, only highlighting the Marxist and non-Marxist solutions to Russia's problems
Alliance of two groups in charge of Russia
Socialists led by Kerensky
Constitutional Democrats led by General Kornilov
There was a threat towards the government in Petrograd which caused both Kerensky and Kornilov to send troops to the government
Kornilov betrays Kerensky and performs his individual coup on the government and fails, Kerensky does his best to save the revolution
Shows the power of the Bolsheviks
Who: The Bolsheviks party
What: Bolsheviks gain control of Petrograd and Moscow
When: Gained Petrograd October 13th, and Moscow October 23rd, Vladimir Lenin also returns
Where: Gained central Russia, Petrograd and Moscow
Why: A follow up on the February revolution, the Bolsheviks and Soviets supported each other and wanted a new form of government
How: Bolsheviks influenced Soviets to gather armed forces, Bolshevik Red Guards from the Military Revolutionary commitee began to overthrow government buildings
The Bolsheviks take control over Provisional government's last hideout , the Winter Palace
Establish new government under Council of People's Commissars led by Vladimir Lenin
All Bolsheviks who granted themselves power, Leon Trotsky, Vladimir Lenin, and Joseph Stalin
January - March 1918
Counter-Revolutionary Committee established
Bolshevik government adopts Gregorian calender
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed between Russia and Germany which took Russia out of World War 1
Russia's capital is changed from St.Petersburg to Moscow
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Who: The Soviets implemented this system during the Civil war
What: Economic and political system used during the Civil war which defined these policies
nationalization of industry, compulsory labor, private trade suppressed, private enterprise became illegal, etc
When: During the Civil war from 1918-1922
Where: In Russia, mainly central
Why: Bolsheviks aimed to keep the towns and the Red Army stocked with food and weapons because the war disrupted the normal and economic system
Decred food levy which stated that peasants must turn their entire produce, only reatining enough for themselves, to the government which will again be distributed
How: With the Bolsheviks in power, they were able to implement anything they wished
Famine and drought throughout the war communism
The Russian Civil War
Who: The Bolsheviks (The Reds) and all other opposing parties (The Whites)
What: A war between the Reds and the Whites over government control and authority
When: Summer of 1918 until 1922
Where: All over Russia, but mainly in the central parts of Russia
Why: The opposing parties wanted an intervention within the government function and formation, Bolsheviks only cared about their individual wants and needs
How: Both Sides created armies of their own for battle, the Whites drew their power from Tsarist Army Officers, Cossacks, Bourgeoisie, and outlawed political groups; while the Reds drew their strength from the Red army, composed of peasants and workers created by the Communist Party
14 countries including USA, Japan, Britain, France, Italy, Canada etc, sent troops to Russia
An attempt to prevent Germans from seizing war materials
Supplied the Whites with protection and equipment
Set new communist regime against capitalist west from the beginning
Russian Civil War
Czar Nicholas II is executed along with his family
Reasons why the Reds were victorious
They controlled the heart of Russia during the war
They developed a strong unity of Command, Whites fought more as independent groups
Trotsky was very well organized and efficient
Assassination attempt on Lenin leaves him wounded
Soviet policy of war communist causes rebellions in Central Russia
Mensheviks granted legal status as official party
Finland declares war on Bolsheviks in Russia
White General Yudenich starts assault program in Petrograd but are pushed back by the Reds
Rebellious sailors meet and form individual Soviet group called "Soviets without Bolsheviks" and propose 15 point list of demands
Lenin announces New economic policy (NEP)
The civil war was believed to have ended in 1922
Most of the civil war major fighting is believed to have stopped by November, but the war did not actually stop until 1922
Temporarily sacrificed a few ideals of Marxism
More of a capitalism type economic policy
Private trade was permitted again
Peasants were given the ability to sell surplus
Workers in factories were allowed to "purchase" their factory under private ownership
Nationalization of industry was somewhat revoked
Tax on farmers became payable by agricultural goods
Joseph Stalin becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)
Lenin suffers his first of many strokes
Lenin establishes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R), federation of all Soviet states
The Bolshevik party becomes known as the Communist party
"Petrograd Soviet." Petrograd Soviet Wikipedia. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons
"Vladimir Lenin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 June 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Lenin>.
"October Revolution." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_Revolution
"Treaty of Brest-Litovsk." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 May 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Brest-Litovsk>.
"War Communism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_communism>.
"Russian Civil War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 June 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Civil_War>.
"New Economic Policy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Economic_Policy>.
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A Timeline of the Russian Revolution." A Timeline of the Russian Revolution. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.scaruffi.com/politics/soviet.html>.
"Russian Revolution Timeline." Russian Revolution. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/russian-revolution-timeline/>.
"A Timeline of the Russian Revolution's Major Events." About. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/Russian-Revolution/a/Russian-Revolution-Timeline.htm>.
Falk, Jerry. History Twelve. 3rd ed. Vol. Student Edition. Surrey, B.C.: Hazelmere, 2003. 237. Print.