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Lyna's Peek @ Violence, Health & Policy in Kenya Prezi
Transcript of Lyna's Peek @ Violence, Health & Policy in Kenya Prezi
African Charter for Human & Peoples'
THE PENAL CODE
THE SEXUAL OFFENCES ACT
THE CHILDREN ACT
PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT
Physical & psychological trauma,
Impaired development , permanent disability
End of school
Early sexual debut
higher risk of contracting, reinfection with & resistance to STDS & HIV/AIDS
A peek @ intentional violence, health and policy in Kenya
Victims overwhelmed by feelings of "guilt", ashamed ; do not seek help, statistics hard to compile ...
Business unusual ?...
32 % percent of Kenyan girls and 18% percent of boys experience sexual violence before the age of 18.
MIN. GENDER - PROGRAMMES
MIN. JUSTICE - LAW REFORM
MEDICO -LEGAL PARTNERSHIPS
They cannot plan or save
Loss of livelihood due to maiming
especially girls dropping out of school
Women have also become violent in families
Vicious cycle .......
• battery or non-sexual, physical violence
• rape or sexual violence
• lethal violence.
More than 18% of all FGM is performed by health care providers
- WHO Fact sheet N°241, Feb., 2013
CAUSES & EFFECTS
" The darn woman ! "
Family protection Bill "2007"
The Family Protection Bill 2007 is gender neutral .......
CONTAINS .... detailed definitions of :
"Domestic relationship" to
cover unregistered families & IPV
categories of violence beyond physical
- emotional, psychological
process and substance of family protection orders
Establishment of Family Protection Fund for among other things safe houses.
Kungfu grannies ...
Three in four children in Kenya are victims of sexual, physical or emotional violence
- Ministerial report 2012
See also UNICEF Report The State of the World’s Children 2012
a.k.a. Domestic violence Bill of 1997
Hon. Sarapai L. Nafuna, Resident Magistrate, Maua - Kenya
Fellow, Stan Barer Institute & LL.M Candidate, 2013
University of Washington School of Law
"Kwani jana kuliendaje ?"
did it go
Chips/sausage "funga" fad
Perpetrator uses "mchele"
/ "tap tap" - a "spike" ... drug like rohybnol
Gender-Based Reovery Centre - Nairobi Women's Hospital
GBVRC - Kenyatta National Hospital
Confidential & extra respectful procedure for victims of violence
- Anon. filing, Victim Impact Assessment, chamber trials
Child protection custody and maintenance orders
Register of convicted sex offenders
Treatment orders for suspects & offenders determined to suffer psychiatric challenges
Rehabilitation and reintergration where appropriate
Family law reporting collaboration with NCLR
Data collection for 2008 Sexual Offences Act DNA Data Bank regulations erratic due to lack of ..........
Guidelines on Mngt. of Sexual Violence
Humanitarian Issues of Sexual Violence
Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement for Post Rape Care
MIN. INTERNAL SECURITY - "
Kenya Police Gender Violence
Report Desk "
2010 Constitutional gains; Kenyan women are super-motivated to vote on March 4, 2013; violence has already reared it's ugly head in the political campaigns ... please "watch" with us.
Challenges & opportunities
Thank you !
Uniersity of Washington Global Health Legal and Policy Solutions Seminar Series: "Intentional Injury - Violence" Thursday, February 7, 2013.
No one will believe me.....
well - founded fear of fear of community's response.
I cant believe it happened to me ....... denial , especially for professional women
... & unethical
Beatings, burns, defilement, FGM, sodomy ......
By people they trust ...
Mostly, Male perpetrators ... Parents,
Ooops! ... It's Cultural ....
excuse me ? .....
The young & the restless
Potrayal of the combination of overindulgence in alcohol & irresponsible sexual behaviour as "cool" & "Kenyan" by public figures
Casual sex eqauted to consumption of "food" "to go"/
Perpetuates "date" rape where the "food" a.k.a victim is (mostly)...
middle aged & elderly males , youthful females at night spots
sometimes precedes other forms of violence eg. murder, maiming or even
chopping off body parts for illegal organ transplants & witchcraft ...
negative cultural practices
Bad advice from religious leaders
Not necessarily "custom" because custom protected women... e.g. "wife-beating" for "discipline" was figurative of sexually pleasing ones wife to elicit a good kind of "submission"; batterers would be fined by elders ... or beaten up by his/her siblings, ouch!
Child abuse was generally not tolerated ....
Negative culture has permeated govt. institutions rendering good policy designs ineffective ....
Source: BhaChemai clan elders' wisdom passed on @ Bukusu initiation (N.B. NOT circumcision or FGM) ceremonies for young boys and girls which presenter went through at age 13 ..... yeah, only makes sense now!
Example does not speak for the rest of Kenya .... 41 more ethnic communities.
"I must have done something wrong"
"for my children"
"Men don't cry"
men generate "private", "strong", "decisive" solutions ......
Maendeleo ya Wanaume organisation
A lonely voice for battered men in Kenya
.... Because boys grow into men
UN SEC. GEN. Ban Ki-moon, "zero tolerance to violence speech", Nov. 25 2012.
"haki wanaume ni wabaya/wanyama"
resigning to "fate"
= men are "bad"/ "beasts"...
No one is immune.....
How could she let it happen? ... I mean, why let it reach that level?
Meagre resources, social frustration enhances likelihood of violence
People who should be protecting them
Sorry ... no excuses for the girls ....
What time was it?
WHAT WAS SHE WEARING ?
Traditional "protection" for children morphed into a scapegoat for staying in violent relationships .
What about the Govt. ?
The ultimate "hustle" & "deal breaker" for victims ...
Obtained only @ police stations after an incident report or online but has to be aunthenticated by a cop before medic can fill it.
Harphazard completion by some medics reduces evidentiary value
Has been re- introduced unsuccessfully since debut due to apathy by male-dominated parliament that percieves the problem as "female" ....
we must care ....
Started by survivors .....
Men & women must work together against all forms of violence .....
.... efforts to end violence against women and children must involve men
....... children living with violence
HISTORIC ETHNIC TENSIONS THAT COULD LEAD TO MOB VIOLENCE PERSIST ......
Kenya is going to the polls on March 4 2013