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Transcript of PTSD
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
A type of anxiety disorder triggered by traumatic experiences.
Thy spirit within thee hath been so at war,
And thus hath so bestirred thee in thy sleep,
That beads of sweat have stood upon thy brow
Like bubbles in a late-disturbèd stream,
And in thy face strange motions have appeared,
Such as we see when men restrain their breath
On some great sudden hest.
Shakespeare, W. (1597). Henry IV. Part 1, Act 2, Scene 3, Lines 51-57.
War zone experience
Physical or sexual assault
Abuse or Torture
In children, especially those who are very young, the symptoms of PTSD can be different than the symptoms in adults.
Symptoms in children and adolescence
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms
Negative Alterations in Cognition and Mood
Reign Over Me
2 symptoms required
Born on the 4th of July
1 symptom required
(acting or feeling like the event is happening again)
Recurrent and upsetting memories
and dreams of the event
Psychological distress to cues resembling event
Avoiding thoughts, feelings, and conversations
that are reminders of the traumatic event
Avoiding activities, places, or people
that are reminders of the traumatic event
Incapable of remembering
important aspects of the trauma.
of self or others (guilt or shame)
Inability to experience positive emotions
detachment or estrangement
Inability to recall important aspects of the trauma (
lack of interest in activities
about the future
Difficulty maintaining close relationships
(Insomnia, Night Terrors, Nightmares)
and outbursts of anger
Problems with concentration
(High responsiveness to stimuli)
Exaggerated startle response
Dissociative Subtype of PTSD
Newer studies suggest that the conscious mind may cope with trauma and the inability to escape it by experiencing dissociative symptoms:
COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL APPROACHES
A. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
B. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
C. Exposure Therapy (EX)
D. Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
E. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
HUMANISTIC AND EXISTENTIAL APPROACHES
B. Positive Psychology
C. Transpersonal Psychology
D. Relational Dharma
A. Biofeedback and Neurofeedback
E. Energy Psychology
reduce problematic symptoms
and unpleasant experiences associated with an individual's post-traumatic stress.
Sudden death of a loved one
Life threatening events
of those diagnosed with PTSD have one or more
previously existing mental health condition(s)
A diagnosis of PTSD requires:
Persistent symptoms for more than one month
experience of being an
unreality, distance, or distortion.
Symptoms in children include:
Fear of being separated
Somber, compulsive play
in which themes or aspects
of the trauma are repeated
New phobias and anxieties
that seem unrelated to the trauma (such as a fear
Acting out the trauma
through play, stories,
Losing previously acquired skills
(such as toilet training)
Aches and pains
with no apparent cause
Irritability and aggression
The extent to which the traumatic event was unexpected, uncontrollable, and inescapable plays a role in the risk factors that increase vulnerability.
F. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
G. Group Approaches
H. Psychopharmacological Approaches
Addresses dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors, and cognitive processes.
Promotes self-awareness and personal growth by stressing current reality.
Low-cost approach; A complement to traditional psychotherapy or drug treatments.
treat secondary symptoms
of anxiety and depression.
PTSD Group Members
Psychology 101 : Susan Johnson
PTSD Symptom Clusters