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Social Context: Key Educational Policy Initiatives

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Syafrin Ardi

on 25 February 2016

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Transcript of Social Context: Key Educational Policy Initiatives

Discuss and Compare Singapore's Education system to Finland
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Discuss and Compare Singapore's Education system to Hong Kong
Double the land size of singapore
Useable land is size of singapore
7.5million people
Seperated by a neighbouring country by a waterway
Mainly chinese of 96% while singapore 76%
How does Singapore's education system fare globally?
Objectives
Introduce different Key Educational Policies
Importance of different Educational Policies
The Desired outcomes of Singapore's Education
How our Education System works
The achievements of Singapore's Education system
The connection between US and the Education policies
Content Page
Purpose of Education
Rationale of Education Policy
Desired Outcomes of Education
Activity 1
Timeline
Activity 2
How far we have come (Singapore Education Ranking)
Failures in Policies
Masterplan 4
Conclusion
Purpose of Education
Economical
Political
National
Activity 2
Discuss THAT!
Social Context: Key Educational Policy Initiatives

Rationale of Education Policy
Now that you have a brief understanding of Singapore's education system...
The difference between the education systems of
Singapore
to
Finland
/
Hong Kong

V.S
1. With high rankings for the Programme for International Student Achievement (PISA)
2. Looked up upon as one of the best in the world with interesting policies that differs from other high ranking countries and Singapore
3. West point of view in comparison to Singapore
Finnish Minister of Education & Science Krista Kiuru visit to Rulang Primary School on 20 Aug 2013
Finish education visit was to “learn more about the Singapore education system and explore further opportunities for both education systems to learn from each other”.
Discuss & Compare the difference between the education systems of Singapore to Hong Kong
Discuss & Compare the difference between the education systems of
Singapore to Finland
Round 2 . . . Fight!



Group 2: Singapore Vs Finland
Education System
exploring
understanding
representing
formulating
monitoring
reflecting
They analyze test scores in
reading
,
math
and
science
from 76 countries
Programme For International Student Assessment (PISA)
PISA is a computer-based,
interactive
problem solving assessment.
HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED
4
MASTER
PLAN
How can us, as art teachers, use this tool to teach?
The assessment focuses on the student's general
reasoning skills
, their ability to
regulate problem-solving processes
,and their willingness to do so, by confronting students with problems that do not require expert knowledge to solve
The study is to assess how well students nearing the end of the compulsory education have acquired knowledge and skills necessary to meet the challenges of the society and apply their knowledge to
real life problems.
GOALS
PISA survey result allow policy markers to
gauge
the knowledge and skills of their students in
comparison
with those in other countries.
Why is there a policy in the 1st place?
OECD's 2014 Report:
Top-performing students tend to have
SKILL
DISCUSS & COMPARE
With manufacturing and other low-skill tasks in the services sector becoming increasingly automated, the need for routine cognitive and craft skills is declining, while the demand for information-processing skills and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills is growing. In addition to mastering occupation-specific skills, workers in the 21st century must also have a stock of
information-processing skills
, including

literacy
,
numeracy

and
problem solving
,
interpersonal communication
,
self-management
,
and the
ability to learn
,
to help them weather the uncertainties of a rapidly changing labor market.
Skill needed for the 21st Century
FINLAND; a country with . . .
Major Trends
Access to
computers
and
ICT
is widespread and growing
WHY?
1965 - Bilingualism
1997 - Training Schools, Learning Nation (TSLN)
2005 - Teach Less, Learn More (TLLM)
Types of Policies
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
He is....
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
#1
#2
#3
#4
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
A confident person

A self directed learner

An active contributor

A concerned citizen

Students in Singapore also perform better than expected on interactive items that require them
to uncover useful information by exploring a problematic situation
and
gathering feedback
on the effect of their interventions. Students must be daring to use their intuition in order to initiate a solution.
WHY?
What is P SA
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Education Timeline
Key Policies and Initiative

Kahooooooot it!

ACTIVITY 1
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
2014
PISA
RESULTS
SCORES RANKING
562 - Singapore
561 - South Korea
552 - Japan
540 - Macao
540 - Hong Kong
536 - China - Taipei
526 - Canada
523 - Australia
523 - Finland
517 - England (United Kingdom)
OECD Average : 500 score
[1st]
[2nd]
[3rd]
1950
2014
1980
2005
1997
1960
PSLE
standardized
1954
Singapore Polytechnic
(First Poly)
MOE Established
Double session schooling introduced to accommodate more students
1966
1969
1971
1972
1955
1957
1979
1984
1986
1991
1992
1993
1998
2003
2004
2008
2009
2015
1947
Bilingualism Policy
(English as first language)
President's Scholarship
National Junior College
(First JC)
GCE
standardized
Stop At Two
Campaign
Speak
Mandarin
Campaign
Gifted Education
Program
Single session
introduced for
better focus
and flexibility
Civics and Moral
Education
Nanyang Technology
University (NTU)
Established
National Institute
of Education
(NIE) Established
Trim and Fit
(TAF club)
Institute of
Technical
Education
(ITE)
Established
Edusave
Scheme
Desired
Outcome of
Education
Integrated
Programme (IP)
Compulsory
Education
ICT Masterplan 2
SIngapore Sports
School Established
Direct School
Admission (DSA)
Innovation and
Enterprise
School Of The Art
(SOTA)
Established
End of
Provisional
Admission
Exercise (PAE)
End of Trim and Fit
(TAF)
2007
ICT Masterplan 4
Ten years Education Policy
(6 years primary + 4 years secondary)
Singapore Institution
(Raffles Institution)
Established
National University
of Singapore
(NUS) Established
Nanyang Academy
of Fine Art (NAFA)
Established
1823
1905
1932
Thinking Schools, Learning Nation
ICT Masterplan 1
Quantity to Quality
Streaming System Implemented
Special Assistance Plan
(SAP)
Survival-driven (1959-78)
Efficiency-driven (1979-96)
Ability-driven (1997-2013)
ICT Masterplan 3
Desired Outcome
of Education
Revised
Student centric – values driven
Teach Less
Learn More
Primary Education Review
and Implementation
(PERI)
Secondary
Education
Review and
Implementation
(SERI)
Community Involvement
Project (CIP)
National Education (NE)
Objectives

To simplify the language environment for Chinese Singaporeans.

To improve communication and understanding amongst Chinese Singaporeans.

To support the bilingual education policy (1966)
Evolution

In the initial years, the campaign encouraged specific groups of Chinese Singaporeans, for example hawkers, public transport workers, white-collar workers and senior executives, to use more Mandarin and less dialect.

From the 1990s the campaign started focusing on English-educated Chinese Singaporeans to encourage them to speak Mandarin in their daily lives.

Over the years, the campaign has shifted its focus to encourage all Chinese Singaporeans to both learn and speak more Mandarin, and inculcate and deepen an appreciation for the Chinese culture, heritage and language.
There are 2 main reasons for implementing the GEP in Singapore:

The Educational Factor
It has been recognised that children have varying abilities and it is not a sound practice to give every child the same education and expect him/her to move at the same pace as his/her peers. The intellectually gifted need a high degree of mental stimulation. This need may not be met in the mainstream classroom and the gifted child may become mediocre, indifferent or disruptive in class.

The Socio-Political Factor
Singapore is a small nation with only human resources to rely on for its progress and prosperity. It is to the advantage of the nation that the gifted are helped and nurtured.
The Edusave Scheme was launched in 1993 with the aim of maximising opportunities for Singaporean students in MOE-funded schools by providing resources for school enrichment activities in support of their holistic development and to encourage students to excel in both academic and non-academic areas.
Character and Citizenship
Education
The goals of the GEP are as follows:

to develop intellectual depth and higher level thinking
to nurture productive creativity
to develop attitudes for self-directed lifelong learning
to enhance aspirations for individual excellence and fulfilment
to develop a strong social conscience and commitment to serve society and nation
to develop moral values and qualities for responsible leadership
WHAT?
characteristics that educators/teachers aim to have for every Singaporeans by the completion of his/her education.
Developed in year 1997.


Desired Outcome
of
Education

(DOE)

Kahooooooot it!
ACTIVITY 3
First
Education
Week
KEY STAGE
kahoot.it
WHAT?
Shows what the Education service aims to develop in students through Primary, Secondary and Post-Secondary.
Each educational level builds upon the previous stages and lays the foundation for subsequent ones.
HONG KONG
Eg:.....
and many more
Allows teachers to have a shared goal.
Quicken initiatives and programmes
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Education in Hongkong
1980 - 2000
Kindergarten is not compulsary
6 years of Primary school
3 years of Junior secondary school , Form 1 to 3
2 years of Senior Secondary (Selective) (HKCEE "O" levels)
2 years of Matriculation (HKALE "A" Level)
Tertiary Education (Depends on Subject for years)
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Kindergarten (Voluntary)
6 years primary school (Compulsory)
3 years Junior Sec (Compulsory)
3 years Senior Sec (Selective)
Education in Hongkong 2012 - CURRENT
8 Key Stage Outcome.
-Population 5.464 million (2014)
-Major Exams in upper sec edu (17-19yr old) students
-All full time teachers have at least a Master's degree
-Schools are autonomous; teachers are free to set own curriculum
-Parents generally feel all government schools in Finland are equally good
-Tuition classes are rare in Finland, almost unheard of
-"The Finnish dream" was for all children, regardless of family background or personal conditions, to have a good school in their community – a focus that has remained unchanged for the past four decades.
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.

http://data.worldbank.org/country/finland
http://www.nie.edu.sg/newsroom/media-coverage/2013/singapore-should-not-be-finland
http://www.moe.gov.sg/media/parliamentary-replies/2014/07/every-school-a-good-school.php
http://www.theguardian.com/education/2015/mar/31/finnish-teachers-special-train-teach
https://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/
http://www.oecd.org/education/PISA-2012-PS-results-eng-SINGAPORE.pdf
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Primary School are seperated in AM and PM session
Have demands for the population
since diminishing population, primary started to close down as there were too many teachers but lesser students
P5 and P6 take 3 examinations to test their performance
Hongkong; a country with . . .

Parents believe every school is equally good
Framework for 21st Century Competencies and Students Outcome

-Automous schools, teachers are flexible and create their own curriculum independantly
-Less is more mindset; no tuition, more focus on personal development


Reducing curriculum content, providing more innovation in teaching, promoting critical thinking in students
- less focus on subject results and more all round education
- More automy for teachers to create lessons
" One Nation , Two Systems"
"One Independent Country"
Round 1 . . . Fight!



Group 1: Singapore Vs Hong Kong
Education System

HONG KONG

Education in Singapore
Managed by MOE
1950's till 1960s singapore education were "survival driven education" (skilled workforce & lowers unemployment)
1966 - Bilingualism " promote english amongst other language, learn about their roots, culture and ethnic
"education intergrate a new nation"
1997 - "Thinking schools, learning nation"
Since 2000 it is compulsory for every child to have a education
Singapore have streams NT, NA, Express & Special
School fees are only 6.50 to 14$ in primary school
BY SYAFRIN, RAFIDAH, RACHEL NG, JOANNE, AHMAD ZULGAFAR, SADIK RAHMAN
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Secondary Education in Hong kong
Seperated by Junior and senior School years
3 years of junior and 2/3 years of senior years
Senior years allow them to choose the subjects
Students undergo selective period for them to enter the senior years
WHY?
FINLAND
OUTCOME
The person who is schooled in Singapore Education system carries the
Desired Outcome Education.
Education in Hong Kong
Modelled on United Kingdom
Boy only Education in 1843
'Frederick Stewart founder of hong kong education (incorporate western style education in hongkong)
Educating the poor is not needed until they realise that majority of Hongkong residence were poor
Pre-school fees paid with voucher only if child have the right of abode
Compulsory to take education once 6 years old
Primary School Education - Hong Kong
Social and Emotional competencies
.
- recognise and manage their emotions
- develop care and concern for others
- make resposible decisions
etc........
SINGAPORE
1. Port & history of British colonial rule just like Singapore
2. With high rankings for the Programme for International Student Achievement (PISA)
3. A way to tell apart how we have moved on since our independence
4. East point of view in comparison with Singapore
Emerging 21st century Competencies

- compulsory for 21st century world we
live in.
Guideline for teachers to set upon the students
Rationale of Education Policy
=
Desired Outcomes of Education
kahoot.it
Conclusion
Why are we telling you this?
How does this apply to us?
(Art Teachers)
How can an Art Teacher play an important role in our schools?
Resource
People
Knowledge-Based Economy

Communism

Equality of education to a multi-racial society


Integrate ICT into Total Curriculum (academic and non-academic areas);
Provide Quality Online Learning Resources for Students;
Incorporate ICT in Assessment
Deepen Digital Learning: Cyber wellness Education and New Media Literacy.
ICT MASTERPLAN 3 (MP3)
2009 - 2014
Strengthen competencies for self-directed collaborative learning
Customise learning experience
Develp student's softer skills, aptitudes and character
(Student-Centric & Value-Driven)
ICT
Technology (eg Internet, Google Art Project)
MasterPlan 4
- remove banding in secondary schools
- Academy of Singapore teachers started in 2011
- Not sucessful as parents to this day preferes top schools
Finland Sucesses
- Top 10% applicants selected yearly into teaching education programmes
- Teachers are well respected, mater degree holders
- Teaching considered a highly prized profession
Singapore implemented Every School, a Good School (2011)
In creating opportunities for all, every school is a good school
Finland Sucesses
Singapore implemented Teach Less, Learn More (2006)
References
Full transcript