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All About Ancient Egypt Society
Transcript of All About Ancient Egypt Society
Start of Ancient Society.
5000BCE = Evidence found of people on Nile river, people decided to come join.
How did the ancient egyptian society collapse?
Cleopatra died and roman empire took over.
Ancient Egyptian Time-Line
What was the biggest historical event?
Alexander the Great concurs the old kingdom in 332BCE.
How did they entertain themselves?
Men - hunting, fishing, archery, wrestling, boxing, stick fencing and long distance running-races.
Women - swimming, board games, drawing on ground & music, housework and raising children.
How did egyptians celebrate their marriage?
No ceremony, no word of wedding. Couples set up life by finding a house together. Big partys to celebrate life and birth of children. Sometimes made legal agreements that involved the ownership of their things.
What were the clothes made out of?
Mainly Linen. In Roman times cotton was imported from India. Wool. Silk imported from eastern Mediterranean. Animal skin (leopard skin was preferred) were worn by priests and pharaohs in their role of soruants of the god.
What was the average weather temperature?
2 seasons “Hot summer” & “Mild winter”.
Average Summer: 35 degrees C.
(95 degrees F)
Average Winter: 7.2 degrees C.
(45 degrees F).
Houses had windows, but no glass, they hung material over windows.
How did they keep cool?
Water circulation (pipes built into wall which water flowed), evaporated cooling (hanging wet clothes over windows/door ways), ice and snow (imported), wind towers, hand fans, passive solar designs, dugouts, mud houses.
Who got to decide the laws?
A Gold pendant (ma’at) was given to officials who impose laws.
The king (a living god) was the main decision maker of law & punishment. King had viziers who often acted on behalf of the king.
Anyone in an authoritative figure in the community (elders, government, officials) dealt with enforcing punishment & laws. Depending on seriousness of the problem, it may be issued to relevant official. If person didn't pay their taxes - the king issued the punishment.
Laws were very strict back then, there is no cutting off hands, ears & noes' now :)
If goods were stolen, the person would have to return the item and pay twice the value back.
A simple corporal punishment involved 100 strokes of a cane stick.
More Serious, five bleeding cuts added or branding as sign of dishonour.
The pharaoh might appoint a special wish to pass judgements (depending on case ). For example; sent to do labor in the west, mining or quarries. Was not uncommon for criminals to have hands, tongue, ears, noes cut off. Some cases have victims stuck on a stake, burning alive, droning or decapitation because guilty violated ma’at.
Where did people go if they broke the law?
Rich boys only went to school at four YOA (years of age). Before kids started school their dad choose a career for them but girls didn't go to school because they were learning house chores.
When did kids start school.
How did the defense army guard things?
Door keepers controlled traffic at doors & gates, entrance city temples, gates and doors of manufacturing areas. These would have been arranged by the landowner. There was no Police force as such.
If goods were stolen the thief would have to pay back twice the value back to owner. More serious crimes, 100 cane strikes. Cutting off the hands, tongue, ears, nose, five bleeding cuts may also be added or branding as sign of dishonor. Really serious crimes, sent off to do hard labor. The pharaoh might appoint a special court to pass judgements ( depending on case ). Some cases have victims impounded on a stake, burning alive, drowning or decapitation because guilty violated ma’at.
What were the types of punishments they had?
Where were the punishments held?
In court with the king or in community courts. Only men took charge in the courts, it wasn't a place where a woman would want to be :).
What were some of the name of famous artifacts?
Maya and Meryet
The Goddess Hathor
Herihor Playing Senet
Sarcophagus of Tuthmosis IV
Ag Scenes from Tomb of Sennedjem
Goddess Nekhbet as Vulture
The Face of Akhenaten
Colossal Statue of Ramesses II
Gilded Wood Statue of Goddess Selkis
Golden Head of Mummified Hawk
Ivory Head Rest from Tutankhamun's Tomb
Horus and Seth Crown
What was it like in the city?
In morning women would be balancing jars / jugs on head collecting water for drinking, cooking & washing. Egyptians, had no plumbing. There were wells but people preferred having water from pools and canals feed by the great river.
What was the population?
Approximately 3 million.
What were the names of the three eras?
The Old kingdom, The Middle kingdom & the New kingdom.
What was the river called?
Egypt lived on the banks of river Nile and the first sign of people in egypt was in the Nile river.
Who was in Cleopatra's family?
In spring 51BCE, Ptolemy Auletes died leaving his kingdom to his 18 year old daughter - Cleopatra and her younger brother Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra had 2 older sisters, 1 younger sister and 2 younger brothers in total.
What are all the different hieroglyphs?
This hiroglyphs website shows you everything.