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Exploring Schema & Schema Therapy

Overview of Schema Therapy by Young, Klosko, & Weishaar.

Abid Azam

on 21 November 2012

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Transcript of Exploring Schema & Schema Therapy

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Exploring Schema Disconnection & Rejection Impaired Autonomy &
Performance Dependence/
Incompetence Entitlement/
Grandiosity Excessive Other-Directedness Subjugation
Emotions Negativity/
Pessimism Abandonment/
Instability Mistrust/
Abuse Defectiveness/
Shame Social Isolation/
Alienation Emotional Deprivation
Protection Vulnerability to Harm/
Illness Enmeshment/
Undeveloped Self Failure Impaired Limits Insufficient Self-Control/
Discipline Approval Seeking/
Recognition Seeking Self-Sacrifice Over-vigilance & Inhibition Unrelenting
Hyper-criticalness Emotional
Inhibition Punitiveness SURRENDER
Selects partners and significant others who are unavailable or unpredictable Avoidance
Avoids intimate relationships altogether Overcompensation
Pushes partners and significant others away with clinging, posessive, or controlling behaviors Surrender
Chooses untrustworthy partners and significant others; suspicious of others Avoidance
Avoids close involvement with others in personal and business life; does not confide or self-disclose Overcompensation
Mistreats or exploits others; acts in an overly trsuting manner Surrender
Selects emotionally depriving partners and does ask
them to meet needs Avoidance
Avoids intimate relationships altogether Overcompensation
Acts emotionally demanding
with partners and close friends Surrender
Selects crticial and rejecting friends; puts self down Avoidance
Avoids expressing true thoughts and feelings
and letting others get close Overcompensation
Criticizes and rejects others while seeming to be perfect Surrender
At social gatherings focuses exclusively on differences from others and rather than similarities Avoidance
Avoids social situations and groups Overcompensation
Becomes a chameleon to fit into a group Surrender
Asks significant others (parents, spouse)
to make all his or her financial decisions Avoidance
Avoids taking on new challenges, such as learning drive Overcompensation
Becomes so self-reliant that he or she does not ask anyone for anything Surrender
Obsessively reads about catastrophes
in newspapers and anticipates them in
everyday life Avoidance
Avoids going places that
do not seem completely safe Overcompensation
Acts recklessly without any regard to danger, "counterphobic" Surrender
Tells mother everything even as an adult,
lives through partner Avoidance
Avoids intimacy, stays independent Overcompensation
Tries to become the opposite of one's significant other
in all aspects Surrender
Does tasks in a halfhearted or haphazrd Avoidance
Avoids work challenges; procrastinates on tasks Overcompensation
Becomes and "overacheiver" by
ceaselessly driving oneself Surrender
Bullies others into getting own way;
brags about own accomplishments Avoidance
Avoids situations in which he/she is average,
not superior Overcompensation
Attends excessively to the needs of others Surrender
Gives up easily on routine tasks Avoidance
Avoids employment or accepting
responsibility Overcompensation
Becomes overly self-controlled or
self-disciplined Surrender
Lets other individuals control
situations and make choices Avoidance
Avoids situations that might involve conflict with another individual Overcompensation
Rebels against authority Surrender
Acts to impress others Avoidance
Avoids interacting with
those whose approval is coveted Overcompensation
Goes out of their way to
provoke disapproval of others;
stays in the background Surrender
Gives a lot to others and asks
for nothing in return Avoidance
Avoids situations involving giving
or taking altogether Overcompensation
Gives as little to
others as possible Surrender
Focuses on negative;
ignores the positivel worries constantly; goes to great
lengths to avoid any possible outcome Avoidance
Drinks to blot out pessimistic feelings and
unhappiness Overcompensation
Is overly optimistic, denies unpleasant realities Emotional Inhibition
Maintains a calm, emotionally
flat demeanor Connection &
Secure Attachment
Nurturance Early Emotional Needs Autonomy, Competence,
Sense of Identity Realistic Limits &
Self-Control Inner Direction
& Self
Expression Spontaneity &
Full transcript