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The Victorian Period (1832-1901)

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by

Margaret Huettner

on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of The Victorian Period (1832-1901)

The Victorian Period (1832-1901)
Caroline, Glynnis, Falyn, & Margaret
Mrs. Yi/Mr. Jones
English 10H
(Hot Like Mexico)
Education spread, "proper" English
Oxford English Dictionary
was published in 1884
New words:
telephone, photography, psychiatrist, feminist
Euphemisms and slang were also used in everyday speech
The English Language
Gladstone
Literary History
New Directions
Prosperity and Advances
Free trade helped grow prosperity
McCormick Reaper increased crop production
Henry Bessemer's steel-making process.
Steamships and railroads
Communication and literacy improved
Medicine advanced through antiseptics
Florence Nightingale founded the first nursing school
International Affairs
The Victorian Era
Overseas expansion and domestic reforms
Middle class population swelled
Nation set for democracy road
Stereotype: stuffy, hypocritical and prudish
Life for working class improved
Inventions: transatlantic telegraph, electric lighting
Queen Victoria
18 when reign began (1837)
Emphasis on moral behaviors (uncles)
Constitutional democracy (advice not orders)
Married cousin Albert, devoted to him
After Albert's death, prime ministers stepped up
Longest reign in Great Britain (64 years)
Darwin's writing divided Christians: liberals accepting of evolution, fundamentalists not
"Survival of the Fittest" concept suggested government should not interfere with nature
Darwin-ists vs. Labor movement (industrial reform)
Boer War weakened liberals: labor party new political force
Prelude to warfare of modern age!
Won bills for land reform in Ireland
Against expansion of the empire
Public schools and secret balloting elections
Disraeli
Second reform bill of 1867
Believed in expanding the empire
Secretly purchased Suez Canal
This Concludes
The Victorian Period
(1832-1901)

An Era of Reform
Lord Melbourne and the Whigs held much power throughout the 1830s
Abolition of slavery in the British Empire
First restrictions on child labor in factories
Best known reform achievement: the Reform Bill of 1832, expanded voting rights only to men with a certain amount of property
Reform for safety in mines and factories under rule of Sir Robert Peel
Lord Melbourne
Sir Robert Peel
Lord Palmertston had overseen the successful expansion of Britain to places is New Zealand, and acquisition of Hong Kong
Cleaver diplomacy of Palmer and British fleet kept France out of Egypt and Russia out of Turkey
In 1854 Britain fought against Russia in Crimean War
Crimean War art
Palmerston Ended Crimean War is 1856
Gladstone
Disraeli
Realism
- captured everyday life, used science and Industrial Revolution. Brought social problems to light.
William Makepeace Thackeray & Anthony Trollope
Psychological Realism
- inner realities of the mind
Naturalism
- nature and society
George Eliot & Thomas Hardy
Romanticism
-turned away from problems of the world
Charles Dickens:
Oliver Twist
(1837-1839) &
Nicholas Nickleby
(1838-1839)
Emily Bronte:
Wuthering Heights
(1847) & sister Charlotte Bronte:
Jane Eyre
(1847)
Shorts stories
Rudyard Kipling-British imperialism
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (author of Sherlock Holmes)
Children’s literature
(Family life emphasis)
Lewis Carroll:
Alice in Wonderland
(1865) &
Through the Looking Glass
(1872)
Poetry
Alfred, Lord Tennyson: “Charge of the Light Brigade” &
In Memoriam
(1850)
Elizabeth Barrett-
Sonnets from the Portugese
Other:
Oscar Wilde-comedies in the 1890s
Comedic operas by Gilbert and Sullivan
Literary History cont.
Oliver Twist
Full transcript