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Modernism and Critical Theory
Transcript of Modernism and Critical Theory
Modernism in Art:
Modernism in Literature:
Major influences of the movement include rapid industrialization of cities during the late 19th century and 20th century along with World War I.
Characteristics of Modernism:
Modernism and Critical Theory
Presented by Ezekiel Wertz
Focused on critiquing society or changing it as a whole rather than previous traditional theory of merely understanding and explaining society,
Focused on a movement towards revitalizing traditional forms of art, architecture, literature, religion, philosophy, social organization, and daily life within a new economic, social, political, and industrial world.
Also encouraged the re-examination of every aspect of existence with the goal of finding that which was "holding back" progress, and replacing it with new ways of reaching the same end.
The movement highly regarded the process of completing an action rather than simply the resulting action. It was important to recognize the process and materials that produced the end result. This was heavily influenced by a major theme of self-consciousness.
The movement also rejected previous thoughts systems presented by the Enlightenment, realism, and the idea of a compassionate creator.
Themes or major aspects of the movement include: stream-of-consciousness, twelve tone, abstract art, reprise, incorporation, rewriting, recapitulation, revision, and parody.
The era is characterized by Ezra Pound's maxim to "Make it new".
Characterized by a self conscious break from traditional forms of expression, structure, style, poetry, and representation.
General time period 1910-1960
Heavily influenced by the increasing technology and both World Wars but especially focused on the first World War.
Influenced by the teachings and theories presented by Sigmund Freud and Ernst Mach.
A major theme among the genre is a general questioning of humanity or a specific belief that humanity considers a norm.
Towards the end of the movement it includes the theater of the absurd which characterizes human life having no meaning or purpose.
Focuses more on being abstract but also criticizing aspects of humanity or at least questioning them through visual representation.
Heavily influenced by artistic movements such as: Romanticism, Impressionism, and Post-Impressionism.
Major genres of art before the first World War within the 20th century include: Abstract Art, Art Nouveau, expressionism and different forms of Cubism.
Important genres between World War I and World War II are: Dada, Constructivism, Surrealism, and Precisionism.
After World War II is a lot of neo form of art but primarily includes: Neo-expressionism, postminimialism, and pop art.
The Scream by Edvard Munch
The Three Musicians by Pablo Picasso
L'Ange du Foyer, by Max Ernst
Modern Impressionism Leonid Afremov
Formed by the Frankfurt School in Germany during the 1930s and key members were Jurgen Habermas, Herbert Marcuse, Walter Benjamin, Max Horkheimer, and Theodor Adorno.
Heavily influenced by the theories of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud.
Major ideas of the movement were that it should include the whole of society but it should also integrate the social sciences as well.
The Critical Theory is considered adequate only if it is considered explanatory, practical and normative all at the same time.