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Coyote Adaptations

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Daniel Lee

on 4 October 2016

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Transcript of Coyote Adaptations

Where does it live
The coyote has its habitat in low valleys, mountains, open plains and grasslands.

The coyote would choose it's habitat. The things he consider are;

- The habitat area includes abundant amount of prey

- Does if have good areas of raising pups (foxholes/caves, tall vegetation, etc)

- Areas of good cover (trees, bushes, hedgerows), as it provides a hiding for hunting

What does it eat
The coyote eats small animals such as, rodents, rabbits, fish. They rarely eat bigger animals like deers. In hard times, they even eat snakes and insects.

In the colder months (Winter), their diet consists a large portion of fruits and vegetables instead of fresh meat.
Does it have a broad or narrow niche
The coyote has a broad niche, because of the following reasons;

- It can survive in multiple different environments.

- It has been adapted to eat other sources of food (Birds, snakes, insects)

- They can survive in very hot desert areas (American deserts) , and as live in a very cold North American Forest.
Coyote Adaptations

The Adaptations of a coyote
The Coyote has many adaptations, such as living kin different environments. Teaming up to kill bigger prey.
Coyotes are not born to team up with other coyotes.

Coyotes can't get hurt when hunting, if they do they can't hunt. If they can't hunt they will die off. So when facing bigger prey that is a huge problem.

They found out that co-operating with other coyotes for a common goal is helpful.
Natural Fur Camouflage
The camouflage is adapted to camouflage to not one but many environments. If you look at the fur, it camouflage into the North American forests and the sandy (filled with dead grass and burnt plants) deserts.
Teamwork Adaptation
One of the coyote's adaptations is to work with other coyotes with hunting down bigger prey.

Coyotes are not born to team up with other coyotes.

Coyotes can't get hurt when hunting, if they do they can't hunt. If they can't hunt they will die off. So when facing bigger prey that is a huge problem.

They found out that co-operating with other coyotes for a common goal is helpful.
How many offspring does it produce
The female coyote produces from three to twelve pups. The male coyote pups would leave their parents between six and nine months old. While, female pups will stay with their mother's pack.

I think the male pups would have to leave because they are stronger and independent than female coyotes.

The advantage of this strategy is;

Practically every animal's children would have to leave, because that they have to put all the skills they have learned from their parents into use. Practice hunting and to perfect hunting is vital to survival in the wild.
Background information of the Coyote
The coyote or also known as the Canis latrans. This animal is part of the wolf family, which they are all part of the Canidae family.

The coyote is originated and lives in North America. Right now the coyote is not affect by human impact, thus they are not endangered. They are actually thriving in population.

The Coyotes leg muscles
The Coyote has strong muscles in the leg. This enables him to run very fast to catch his prey.

But because of variations between the wolf and the coyote, the coyote is actually slower than the wolf. But, they are part of the same family.
Coyotes can almost eat anything they get
Because of the fact that the coyote can live almost anywhere. It can adapt to many, many environments, it is also adapted to eat practically anything you throw at him.

A small list of what it can eat;

-Other rodents
The power to adapt to almost every environment
The coyotes can survive in almost every environment. You can see coyotes in the hottest deserts, in the coldest North American forests or even in your backyard. The ability to survive in many different environments is an advantage for coyotes, as if a certain environment is effected, it can just head to the forests or the plains.
The Coyotes nose
The coyotes nose is very strong, it can use his nose to hunt prey and avoid predators. The animals nose can even use it to smell burying animals in the snow.
The coyotes body temperature
Wolf like animals hunts a lot, and as it hunts he breathes faster, a faster heart rate, thus increasing his body temperature. If his temperature reaches to high, he could die.

But the coyote is different, when he hunts, he take very short breaths. (1 second) This will control his heart rate and his body temperature.
The Coyotes main and biggest predators
The coyote has many predators, all wanting to eat or kill them.

The main and biggest ones are;

- Bears
- Wolves
-Mountain Lions

Humans are hunting a lot of coyotes, especially in the North America. Humans cause most of the coyote deaths.

Is the coyote a Generalist or a Specialist
I think the coyote is a Generalist, because it can survive in many different environments, adapt to different food sources that are available. His diet ranges from fresh meat of deer to snakes or even fruits.

The coyote has a keen mind about using his surroundings, as it uses holes for a pup breeding area, using the environment as a way to hunt and hide from predators.

Threats facing the Coyote
Right now the major threat towards the coyotes is Human impact. Humans hunt coyotes way too much, and it is causing over 20% of the deaths. But, whats worse is that cars causes over 40% of all the deaths.
Status of the Coyote
The coyote is not endangered at all, in fact it has the least awareness amongst animal protecting companies and groups. People say that coyotes population are growing way too much, that population control may be an issue in later years.
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