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writing folder fce

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on 24 October 2016

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Transcript of writing folder fce

writing for fce
fce writing paper
General notions:
* Time: 90 minutes - approx 45 min per part.
*Number of words: 140-190
* Part 1 : Only one option = Essay
* Part 2: Three options - you select only one.
The options may be: Article, Review, Report, Informal Email, Formal letter of application, Story (only first for schools).

STORY
Essay
ARTICLE
letter OF APPLICATION
Review
Report
Useful tips
This is your opportunity to show that you know how to write in a formal and complex style!
Make references to other sources ( Experts have proved that....)
Use sequencing (Firstly, Secondly, etc..)
Use generalizations ( Most developed countries...)
Use topic sentences to introduce the subject of each paragraph
style
FORMAL
Impersonal structures & Passive voice (It is argued/believed...)
Do not use Contractions ( don´t = do not)
Advanced vocabulary & words of Latin Origin ( Give up = surrender)
Conditionals
Inversion & complex structures
Formal Linkers and connectors



layout

Introduction
: State clearly the topic to be discussed
Main body:
Develop all the points in the task ( two/ three paragraphs).
Conclusion
: summarise the main points of the essay and you state/restate your opinion or give a balanced consideration of the topic.

Each paragraph should start with a topic sentence and have supporting sentences that explain further or provide examples of the main topic.
Introducing an idea:
Many people feel that ...
First and foremost, ...
It would be Ideal if ...
Another argument in favour is...
It is clear form the facts that ...
The benefits of ... outweigh the disadvantages...
On the whole, I think....
Showing contrast:
On the other hand....
Other people think...
An opposing argument is ...
Giving opinions:
I personally feel that...
Ii is difficult to believe that...
I object to the...
Organizing and linking your Ideas
First of all.... Secondly..... Finally...
Moreover.... Furthermore ..... In addition....
So... As a result ..... Therefore,....
However... On the one hand .... On the other hand....
On the whole ... While it is true to say... To summarize...
Types of essays
Introduction: General statement on the topic and your opinion
Main Body:
Most important reason for your opinion. Explain and provide examples
One or two more reasons for your opinion OR an opposing argument and why you don´t agree with him.
Conclusion: Summarise what you have said and re-state your opinion.
Opinion Essay
for and against Essay
Introduction: General statement on the topic
Main Body:
Make a point for or against. Provide reasons and examples
Make a point for or against. Provide reasons and examples
Conclusion: Summarise what you have said and
state your opinion.
STYLE
LAYOUT
USEFUL TIPS
Title

Introduction:
State the main topic of the article and catch readers' attention.

Main Body
: Two or three paragraphs. Each of your paragraphs should deal with one issue or aspect. Use linking ideas and time expressions to join your ideas or to introduce paragraphs.

Conclusion:
Round off your article by referring back to what you have said in the introduction or main body. You may also include a final comment.
Semi-formal

Important!
Define your
target audience
, this will help you decide how formal or informal you can be.

Where will the article be published? A newspaper, a magazine, a website, a blog, etc.
Gain the reader's interest in the title and introduction. You may use questions, quotations or statements.
You can speak the reader directly by using "you" from time to time.
Make your article lively and interesting. Use descriptive language.
Use adverbs that express your opinion.
Leave the reader something to think about in your conclusion.
Useful Phrases:
Style
Formal
! Use formal language and linkers.

Start
your letter with "
Dear Mr/Ms
+ last name, " if you know who you are writing to. If you don't know, start with "
Dear Sir or Madam,
".

End
your letter with "
Yours sincerely
"if you know who you are writing to. If you don't know, finish with "
Yours faithfully
".

Remember to add
a closing remark
saying that you hope to be considered. E.g.: I look forward to hearing from you / I look forward to a positive reply / I hope you consider my application.
LAyout
Dear .... ,
Introduction
: State briefly why you are writing and where you saw the advertisement.
Main body:
Two/three paragraphs. Provide all the information required: relevant skills and experience, why you think you are a good candidate for the job and your reasons for applying.
Closing remarks
.
Yours...... .
Name and last name.
A Review is a piece of writing in which you give your opinion on a book, movie, game, TV programme, exhibition or a place you have visited
Layout
Title
Introduction:
Introduce what you are going to talk about in an interesting way.
Main body:
Describe what you are reviewing. Provide a brief summary and describe the characters, plot or main events. Then you may choose a specific aspect you liked or disliked to describe in detail.
Conclusion
: Say whether you recommend or not what you are reviewing.
Style
Semi-formal!

Define your target audience
Make your introduction and conclusion interesting and catching.

Use descriptive language and specific vocabulary connected to what you are reviewing.
useful phrases
Layout
Title
- concise and clear
Introduction:
State the aim or purpose of your report clearly.
Main body:
Two/three paragraphs with a subheading for each. Deal with one of the topics in the task in each paragraph.
Conclusion:
Summarise what you have said and reach a conclusion or provide suggestions if it is required in the task.

Style
Formal

Important! Each paragraph has
its own subheading

Organise the information clearly

Keep the language neutral and impersonal. Use passive voice and write in the third personal.

USEFUL PHRASES
STYLE
You will be asked to start or finish your story with a phrase provided in the task - don't change the sentence or use it in a different position.

You may also be asked to include specific topics in the story. Read the task carefully.

Describe the events and people's feelings.

Try to use interesting language, you may also include dialogues.
Layout
Introduction
: Continue after the opening sentence in an interesting way to keep the reader's attention.
Main body
: Make sure your story has a clear beginning, middle and end.
Organise the events in chronological order.
Use narrative tenses: past simple, past continuous and past perfect.
Conclusion:
End your story in an interesting way. You may refer back to the beginning but try to avoid repetition.

Useful phrases
Always plan before writing = layout, style, target audience, main ideas, language.
Make sure you cover all the points included in the task.
Write in a clear, easy to read handwriting
Check your writing before handing in.
Does this writing have a specific layout?
Who will read your writing? Your teacher, the head of the school, readers of a magazine or newspaper?
What are the main points you are going to talk about? Are they connected to the task? are you answering the essay question?
How are you going to connect your ideas?
What topic specific language are you going to use?

?
?
?
Did you cover all the points in the task? (read the task again and check)
Did you answer the essay question?
Does your writing communicate your ideas?
Did you use an appropriate style and layout?
Do you see any instances of repetition? Could you improve that?
DId you use capital letters and punctuation marks correctly?
Did you use enough and the appropriate linkers?
Did you vary your structures?
Does your conclusion really conclude what you have said? Does it refer back to what you stated in your introduction?
?
?
?
?
?
General Advice
Time management
Total time: 90 minutes
Time per part: 45 minutes
10 min for planning
30 min for writing
5 min for checking
7 Steps

1. Read task, underline content points
2. Organise content points into paragraphs
3. WHAT are you going to say? Add ideas in note form.
4. HOW are you going to say it? grammar + vocab
5. Forms and conventions: # paragraph, titles, etc.
6. Write!
7. Check.
Useful phrases
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