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Hercules' References to Other Greek Myths
Transcript of Hercules' References to Other Greek Myths
by Parva Nympha
Ignoring the fact that Disney's movie Hercules is not an accurate portrayal of the myth of Hercules, the film references many other myths within it. This presentation will explain some of the myths referenced.
When Achilles was a baby, it was predicted that he would die at a young age. To stop this from happening, his mother took him to the River Styx which would grant him invulnerability. She dipped every part of him in the water except for his heel, which was where she held on to him. Achilles, however, supposedly died during the Trojan War, when an arrow was shot at his ankle, shot by Paris.
Odysseus, Perseus, and Theseus
Odysseus was the main character in Homer's The Odyssey. In that story, Odysseus tries to travel home after the Trojan War and it takes him around ten years, as he has to battle monsters and deal with gods and goddesses.
Perseus is most famous for beheading Medusa and is considered one of the earliest heroes in Greek mythology.
Theseus was most famous for his fight with the Minotaur in Crete.
Oedipus was the king of Thebes, and son of Laius and Jocasta, who fulfilled a prophecy by an oracle who stated that Laius would be killed by his own son. Oedipus didn't know that his parents were Laius and Jocasta because he was abandoned as a baby. Oedipus then had a run-in with his father and argued over whose chariot was allowed to go first on a road, ending in Oedipus killing Laius.
After this occurred, a Sphinx was disrupting the peace in Thebes and whoever got rid of it would have Jocasta's hand in marriage. Oedipus, of course, got rid of the Sphinx and had children with Jocasta.
After consulting the oracle again, Oedipus learns that the killer of Laius must be exiled in order for terrible plagues to leave Thebes.
Oedipus learns that he killed Laius and married his own mother, who had now killed herself. He then exiles himself and, after two of his sons killed each other over power for the throne, Creon (Jocasta's brother) took power in Thebes.
King Augeas and the Amazons
King Augeas was included in the 5th labor of Heracles. This labor was when Heracles had to clean the Augean stables, which had not been cleaned for around 30 years and housed 1,000 cattle. Heracles washed out the stables with the rivers Peneus and Alpheus. Augeas promised Heracles that he could have 1/10 of his cattle if he finished the job, but did not want to give his cattle up. So Heracles killed him.
The Amazons were in the 9th labor of Heracles. Heracles had to bring the belt of Hippolyte to Eurystheus. The belt was given to Hippolyte by Ares, god of war. Hera, disguised as an Amazonian, started a battle against Heracles and his army. Heracles then killed Hippolyte and stole her belt.
Pandora's Box and the Trojan Horse
Pandora was supposedly the first woman on Earth and opened a jar/box that contained all the evils of the world due to her curious nature, only closing the lid before "hope" could escape.
The Trojans accepted a gigantic wooden horse from the Greeks, unbeknownst that the Greek army was actually hiding inside it, ready to infiltrate their city and win the war.
Jason and Cleopatra
Jason is most famous for his adventures with the Argonauts and his journey for the Golden Fleece of Colchis that King Pelias ordered him to go get.
Cleopatra is most famously for being a pharoah in Ancient Egypt, where she and her subjects spoke Greek instead of Ancient Egyptian.