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World Events Timeline

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Natalie Guyette

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of World Events Timeline

The Stone Age Paleolithic An Overview of World History 2.5 Million BC 2013 AD 1 AD 3000 BC 1000 BC 1000 AD 2.5 Million BC - 3000 BC : The Stone Age 2.5 Million BC Mesolithic Neolithic 2.5 Million BC - 3000 BC 2.5 Million BC-8000 BC -People here are hunter-gathers -Use Stone tools 10,000 BC - 6,000 BC "Middle Period" -stone tools advance; spear throwers, needle and thread -pre-farming activities; controlling fire and language development 8000 BC - 3000 BC -grew own crops, less gathering -permanent villages are developed -hunters specialize in particular animals and gatherers developed grindstones to prepare vegetables 8000 BC Last Ice
Age Ends 7,500 BC melting of ice sheets---> flood of North Sea Basin -land bridge connecting Britain to the continent disappears - 2.5 Million BC - 1 AD: Prehistory PREHISTORY 2.5 million BC - 1 AD The Stone Age 2.5 Million BC- 3000 BC The Bronze Age followed stone age intro to metal in society The Iron Age followed the bronze age intro to iron in society 2000 BC Birth of Judaism 1600-1400 BC Aryan People invade Northern India, bringing their sanskirt language and religious beliefs, foundations of hinduism 500 BC Religious Skepticism is born when philosopher Confucius rejects traditional Chinese folk religion Late 500 BC Buddhism founded due to conflict
with Hindu system 30 AD Jesus' begins his teachings which
influence many, but are rejected
by many Jews. 610 AD Rise of Islam Islam religion originates: Muhammad announces to his tribe that he has spoke to Allah through the angel, Gabriel, and has received the divine revelations 500 - 1300 AD: The Middle Ages -prevented plants and tree species from
invading Britain 2100 BC- 1 AD: Bronze and Iron Age Fall of the Roman Empire 476 AD: 520 AD First Monastery Established St. Benedict draws up set of rules for the monks, including vows of obedience, poverty, and manual labor in Monte Cassino, Italy. 800 AD Charlemagne crowned ruler
of Holy Roman Empire -symbolizes union of church and state 1096 AD Crusades Begin Magna Carta signed 1215 King John of England was forced to sign it, giving
basic rights to the people. Stated that the king is not above the law. 1291 Fall of Acre Acre is lost to the Turks, marking
the end of the crusades 1348 Black Plague sweeps
England and Europe 1066 AD Battle of Hastings French Duke,William of Normandy
decides he deserves to be King of England. In October Normans, on horseback, battle King Harold's troops, on foot. William the conqueror is crowned King on Christmas day. The Middle Ages -represented rise of Christianity in Europe -feudalism FEUDALISM Land belongs to God but the King managed and used
land as they wished. Pope
Peasants 835- 1042 Vikings from Scandinavian lands,
such as Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, invade northern Europe 1482 Leonardo Da Vinci paints
"The Last Supper" 1350-1500: Renaissance means "rebirth" intellectual and artistic movement! religion < art and science largely based in Europe 1439 The Printing Press is invented by
Johann Gutenberg =Revolutionized the manufacturing of books 1478- 1834 In an attempt to unify Spain, royals Ferdinand and Isabella set to root out all non Catholics, such as Jews and Muslims The Spanish Inquisition 1512 Michelangelo Paints the Sistine Chapel Forced by the pope, he paints 9 scenes taken from the old testament 1517 Creation of Protestantism Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on Catholic Church Door 95 theses- listed all his problems with church 1543 Scientific Revolution physics, chemistry, medicine, biology
and new ideas are formed.
Foundation for modern science concept of humanism 1760-1848 The Age of Revolutions French Revolution American Revolution Haitian Revolution 1789-1802 1760-1784 1791-1803 Found by a team of archaeologists, these tools are estimated to be from the Mesolithic people. Many people live in Western or Central Europe -domesticated dogs, pigs, goats, sheep -less time hunting = more time crafting Beads from the period Pottery from the Neolithic people 1212 Children's Crusade The Renaissance 1607 First Permanent English
Settlement established
in North America The American
Revolution aggressively enforced trade laws by Britain
Britain's War Debt
Britain gains land, new areas to protect October 25, 1760 George III becomes King 1756-1763 The Seven Years War France and Britain fought over
lands in North America known in America as the French and Indian War May 1763 Indians in newly conquered lands felt as if the British
were treating them as conquered people rather than former allies. Pontiac's Rebellion October 7th, 1763 Proclamation of 1763 hoping to moderate the relations with the indians, Britain prohibits settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains. Britain Enforces Taxes 13 colonies controlled by Great Britain May 1765
Quartering Act Tea Act of May 1773 December 16, 1773 Boston Tea Party colonists disguised as indians board three ships in Boston harbor and throw over 300 crates of tea into the water Intolerable Acts 1774 Massachusetts Government Act
Administration of Justice Act
Boston Port Act
Quartering Act Boston Massacre
March 1770 September 5th - October 26th, 1774 Assembly of the first Continental Congress Philadelphia marks beginning of war April 1775
Battle of Lexington and Concord Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775 British Victory, heavy losses July 4th, 1776 The Declaration of Independence
approved by congress August 2nd, 1776 Declaration signed by congress November 15, 1777 Articles of Confederation created September 28- October 17 1781 Siege of Yorktown
results in discussion of British surrender September 3rd, 1783 Treaty of Paris signed by United States and Britain The French Revolution France is poor. Nobility vs. the Estates 1. clergy
3.commoners King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette June 17, 1789 assembly of estates-general members of clergy estate join forces with third estate
declare themselves the "National Assembly of France" July 14th, 1789
Storming of the Bastille October 1789
Women's March of Versailles forced Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette back to Paris June 20, 1791 dressed as servants, the royals try
to escape France but....
they're caught!
"house arrest" in the Tuileries April 20, 1792 France declares war on Austria September 1792 First meeting of the National Convention.
Declare France a republic and abolishes the monarchy system all adult males can vote January 1793 King Louis XVI guillotined February 1793 France drafts 300,000 into the army.
Dutch Republic and Great Britain declare war. September 1793- July 1794 "Reign of Terror"
20,000 sentenced to death April 1795
Peace with Prussia and Spain
France Victorious August 1795 Constitution Ratified
Established Republic Directory- made up of 5 "presidents" Legislative council of 500 council of 250 elders 1799
Consulate of three powerful military figures forms
end of directory and revolution 1804 Napoleon emperor of France
no more republic Haitian Revolution French own colony of Saint-Domingue, now Haiti
most profitable slave colony in the world
fight for rights March 1790 Vincent Ogé gets involved.
Declares all proprietors should be active citizens 1790 Vincent Ogé talks to governor; ignored
Revolts! February 1791 Vincent Ogé executed August 1791 Slave Rebellion Begins August 1793 Sonthonax declares freedom for
slaves in the North granted low pay
can serve on administrative committees
still bound to plantations and controlled by government
not much change= slaves protest February 1794 Convention abolishes slavery. May 1794 Toussaint Louverture Toussaint declares himself Governor For Life
power hungry, sent prison in France May 1802- December 1803 fight for slavery ensues
french commissioners replaced
rights granted and revoked January 1st, 1804 Independence from France
named Haiti "mother of the earth" 1850-1914: The Age of Imperialism Imperialism What is it? like a monopoly game; expanding territory and gaining colonies. Whoever has the most land wins! Who? Major Powers: Great Britain
Japan Up for Grabs: Africa
Oceania (Australia, New Zealand,
Surrounding Areas) Why? industrial nations take over undeveloped nations GAIN raw materials for industry (cotton, coal, metals)
GAIN market to sell products NATIONALISM= competition between nations; Who can be the biggest and the best? SOCIAL DARWINISM= natural for weak to be over taken by the strong January 1st, 1850 African trade with Europe is established Sepoy Rebellion; East India Company Collapses January 1857 1853 U.S. Navy forces Japan to open to trade The Sepoys were indian soldiers
hired by the British government
to run colony of India Suez Canal Built 1869 1884 Berlin Conference to divide Africa 1898-1901 Spanish American War U.S. wanted to help Cuba win independence from Spain expand empire
economic interests
blamed for USS Maine 1879 Zulu Wars in South Africa 1899 The Boxer Rebellion in China chinese warriors= "boxers"
wanted end to foreign influence
end spread of Christianity
attacked foreigners and christians January 1914
Africa occupied by European Powers July 28, 1914 Franz Ferdinand is assassinated
World War I begins.
Serbia vs. Austria-Hungary imperialism
ALLIANCES World at War 1900-1945 World at War World War I 1914-1918 Interwar Years 1918-1936 World War II 1939-1945 Causes of War August 1914 The Mess of Allies Russia sends army to help Serbia
Germany declares war on Russia- August 1st
France declares war on Austria-Hungary - August 3rd
Britain, allied with France, declares war- August 4th
Japan, military agreement with Britain, declares war - August 23rd April 6th, 1917 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson forced to abandon U.S. policy of absolute Neutrality due to German Submarine Warfare Allies with both Austria-Hungary and
Serbia, Italy tried neutrality. May 1915 Joins Serbia Allied Powers Russia
Serbia vs. Central Powers Germany
Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Trench Warfare Middle Years of War 1916-1917 Battle of Verdun 1916 650,000 Dead
Germany wins. The Influenza Pandemic strikes, causes 50 million deaths 1918 June 28, 1919
Treaty of Versailles ends war "I had a little bird,
Its name was Enza.
I opened the window,
and in-flew-enza."
1918 Children's Rhyme 1919
Prohibition of Alcohol in U.S. June 29, 1929
Stock Market Crash
leads to Great Depression 1929-1939
The Great Depression poverty
famine and drought 1939 Germany invades Poland
World War II begins 1933
Adolf Hitler takes Germany with nazism World War II
1939-1945 Allied vs. Axis Japan
Germany Britain
Soviet Union
U.S. causes: unsettled issues and post war depression 1941-1943 The Holocaust 1933-1945 6,000,000 jews died Hitler blamed Jews for Germany's problems "Blitzkreig" leads to Britain and France war on Germany Operation Barbarossa Germany invades Soviet Union Attack on Pearl Harbor
December 7th, 1941 D-day Invasion
June 6th, 1944 -largest military invasion of WW2 August 6th, 1945 Atomic Bombs German Surrender Japan Surrenders 1945 - Present 1945-1991
The Cold War proxy wars
space race
arms race 1950-1953 Korean War December 1st, 1955
Rosa Parks refuses to give up bus seat 1945-1975
Vietnam War Cuban Missile Crisis
October 15, 1962 October 4, 1957
Soviet Union launches Sputnik first satellite Apollo 11
July 20th, 1969 Neil Armstrong is the first man
to walk on moon. November 9th, 1989 Berlin Wall Falls Soviet Union Collapses
1991 Launch of the International Space Station 9/11 Terrorist Attack in U.S. 1998 September 11th, 2001 December 26th, 2004
Indian Ocean Tsunami January 12th, 2010 Earthquake in Haiti "War of the Cross" 1764-1767 Sugar Act 1764
Stamp Act 1765
Townshed Acts 1767 Tennis Court Oath
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