Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

20th Century Music Part 2

Charles Hoffer Music Listening today Ch 32-34 presented by Jennifer Brown, Wayland Baptist University
by

Jennifer Brown

on 6 May 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of 20th Century Music Part 2

Twentieth Century Music
Intellectual Ideas
Decreased Optimism
Wars
totalitarian regimes
confusion and turmoil
Existentialism
belief that things just are...
there is no deep meaning
Darwin challenged the assumptions about the dignity and place of human beings in the scheme of things

Nietzche's philosophy "might makes right"

Freud's theories on neurosis (dark and shrouded minds)
Intellectual questioning
International awareness
Improved education
Increased status of women
Increased respect for all persons
Positive Aspects
Expressionism & Primitivism
Expressionism
an artistic viewpoint that features an inward, dark and pessimistic view of human nature
centered in Germany (as opposed to French impressionism)
Differs from 19th century music in these ways:
much more extreme than impressionism
dissonant
use of sprechtimme (speech-like singing)
bitonal two different keys heard and the same time (imagine hearing two different scales playing together at the same time)
irregular and forceful polyrhythms
Arnold Schoenberg
http://www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=83
Alban Berg
http://www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=24
Review - Developments of 20th C Music
Changes in
melody
rhythm
dynamics
harmony
timbre
texture
Development of new
forms & genres
polyrhythm
polytonality
chromaticism
tone clusters
Melody
expanded beyond major and minor scales including:
modes
whole tone scales
pentatonic scales
chromaticism
longer phrases
less singable, sometimes indistinguishable melodies
Rhythm
complex, irregular metrical patterns
frequent changes of meter
use of two different rhythms or two meters at the same time
short repeated rhythmic patterns
full range from extremely loud to extremely soft
Dynamics
Harmony
polytonality (two or more chords sounded at same time)
chords built on 4ths and other intervals, instead of 3rds
added notes
more dissonance
sometimes no tonal center (home key)
Timbre
all types of sounds including:
non-conventional use of instruments
vocal sounds (shrieks, tongue clicks, babbling, etc)
use of silence
prepared piano
(odd items such as thumb tacks, coins, paper placed inside a piano)
electronic means used to produce any sounds imaginable
Texture and Forms
more counterpoint, some quite dissonant
any form possible
renewed in Baroque forms
sometime nor formal plan is discernable
electronic music
tone row music, serialism
chance music

continuation of old genres:
opera
ballet
chamber music
Genres
Sergei Prokofiev
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/by-composer/sergei-prokofiev.aspx
Other Styles of 20th c Music
an artistic movement fascinated with products
of non-Western and nonliterate societies. This music
often features strong and irregular rhythms.
Primitivism
Schoenberg Pierrot lunaire no. 13 Enthauptung
Stravinsky - Ballets Russes - Sacre du printemps - Firebird
Igor Stravinsky
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/by-composer/igor-stravinsky.aspx
See text book pp. 285-289
Optional: Listen to excerpts provided on CD
Neoclassicism and Tone Row Music
Neoclassicism
attempt to recapture the spirit of the 18th c. classical style
smaller groups, with an interest in chamber music
shorter compositions
use of classical forms
a restrained, controlled quality
frequent use of counterpoint
themes composed of short melodic ideas that are connected
more simple harmonies than 19 c. works
You can follow along with listening guide in your book
Prokofiev Classical Symphony, 1st movement
Other Neoclassical Composers:
Stravinsky
Ernest Bloch
Paul Hindemith
Jacques Ibert
Francis Poulenc
Darius Milhaud
Tone Row Music
composition built on the framework of the 12 pitches of the chromatic scale
a row of 12 pitches is created and then appears in 4 versions:
original row
retrograde (backwards)
inversion (upside down)
retrograde inversion
Serialism
application of the principles of tone row music to other aspects such as:
dynamics
rhythmic values
articulations
Klangfarbenmelodie
similar to pointillism in art
various pitches of the melody are distributed among many instruments to create little dots or points of tone color
http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-2775500366
Total Serialism
complete control over every aspect of a composition
musique concrete (compilation of actual sounds)
use of computers and synthesizers
Chance music
Electronic music
Eclecticism
composers incorporate their favorite elements from
different styles of music
Stravinksky's Rite of Spring
The End
Anton Webern
http://www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=92
http://www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=121
George Crumb
#161 George Crumb - Three early songs (1947) - 1. Night
Webern - Five Pieces for Orchestra Op.10
Full transcript