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Sonnets!

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by

Heather Bekkers

on 5 April 2016

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Transcript of Sonnets!

What is a Sonnet?
A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem. It is usually written in iambic pentameter and has a very specific rhyme scheme.
Petrarchan Sonnet
- Created by the Italian poet Petrarch
Shakespearean Sonnet
- Was created by William Shakespeare.
Meter
- a recurring pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
Spenserian Sonnet
- Created in the 16th century by Edmund Spenser
Important Terms
Sonnets!
Types of Sonnets
- Shakespearean
- Petrarchan
- Spenserian
Alliteration
Assonance
Imagery
Simile/
Metaphor
Personification
- A stylistic device in which a certain number of words, having the same first
consonant sound, occur close together
in a line.
Example:
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
- When two or more words,
that are close to one another,
repeat the same vowel sound,
but start with different consonant sounds.
Example:
Old age should burn and r
a
ve at close of d
a
y;
R
a
ge, r
a
ge, against the dying of the light.
- figurative language to represent objects,
actions and ideas in such a way that it
appeals to our physical senses.
Example:
He fumed and
charged like an angry
bull.
- A figure of speech in which a thing,
an idea or an animal is given human
attributes.
Example:
The candle flame
danced in the dark.
- An implied comparison between two
things not using the words like or as
Example:
Her face is a peperoni pizza.
- An implied comparison using
the words “like” or “as”.
Example:
Her face is like a peperoni pizza.
- It is made up of three quatrains and a couplet
- These follow the rhyme scheme:
abab cdcd efef gg
- The final two lines create a couplet. The couplet
plays a huge role in the poem.
- Written in Iambic Pentameter.
iamb
- a foot containing a stressed syllable and unstressed syllable.
Iambic Pentameter
- Pent means five in Greek. Thus, poetry following this has five feet in a line.
Example:
Shall
I
com
PARE
thee
TO
a
SUM
mer's
DAY
?
- divided into two stanzas,
the octave (the first eight lines)
followed by the answering
sestet (the final six lines).
- Rhyme Scheme:
abbaabba cdecde
- Usually about love or love lost. However, It can be used for multiple themes.
- Uses the same three
quatrains and a couplet
format that is associated with Shakespearean Sonnets.
- Rhyme Scheme:
ababbcbc cdcdee
Full transcript