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Transcript of Felix Mendelssohn
How did his career begin?
Felix Mendelssohn joined the Singakademie music academy and became an active conductor but still continued to compose.
- Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy was the son of Lea Salomon and Abraham Mendelssohn, along with Fanny, Rebecka and Paul.
Who is Felix Mendelssohn?
Violin Concerto in E minor
By Nicole Lippa & Angela Benedicto
Felix was born on February 3, 1809, in Hamburg, Germany
He died on November 4th, 1847, in Leipzig. (age 38) He suffered from stress and was depressed after the death of his sister in 1847. He died 4 months later after several strokes
A famous composer during the early Romantic period
Felix Mendelssohn was a German pianist, composer, musical conductor, teacher and one of the most renowned individuals of the Romantic Period.
- In 1816, they moved to Berlin where Felix studied the piano under Ludwig Berger and composition with Carl Friedrich Zelter. As a child, he played both the piano and the violin, had talent in painting and was gifted in languages.
During his travels in Paris, he, along with his sister Fanny, studied the works of Mozart and Bach.
Felix continued his lessons, studying the piano under Marie Bigot (a French piano teacher known for her sonatas and études).
In his childhood, he composed five operas and eleven symphonies, and made his first public debut in Berlin at the age of 9.
Lea Salomon & Abraham Mendelssohn
Felix's sister, Fanny
In 1820, he wrote a violin sonata, two piano sonatas, multiple songs, a cantata, a brief opera and a male quartet
sonata; a composition for an instrumental soloist, often with a piano accompaniment
a medium-length narrative piece of music for voices with instrumental accompaniment, typically with solos, chorus, and orchestra.
He made his debut as a Maestro (a distinguished musician) in 1829. He moved to Leipzig and there he became the conductor of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, performing works by Bach and Beethoven.
He published his first book of songs, “Songs without Words” in 1832.
Prior to the book’s publication, he wrote his Reformation Symphony and a year after he had written his Italian Symphony.
Felix and his wife Cécile Jeanrenaud
In 1836, he met Cécile Jeanrenaud, who was just 16 when he asked for her hand in marriage.
The couple married in 1837 and had five children.
-Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy
-Marie Mendelssohn Bartholdy
-Lilli Mendelssohn Bartholdy
-Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
In 1843, he founded and became the director of the Leipzig Conservatory of Music and a year later he finished his Violin Concerto in E Minor which he wrote from 1838 to 1844.
Famous works composed by Felix
Midsummer Night’s Dream (1826)
Italian Symphony (1833)
Piano Concerto #1 in G Minor, Op.25 (1831)
Piano Concerto #2 in D Minor, Op.40 (1837)
Scottish Symphony (1842)
A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1843)
Violin Concerto in E Minor, Op.64 (1844)
Songs Without Words (1845)
Elijah, Op. 70 (1846)
Violin Concerto in E minor
known as one of the greatest violin concertos of all time
consists of three movements; slow-fast-slow
composed during the years of 1838-1844
today, it is considered an essential concerto to master as a violinist
History behind this piece..
wanted his childhood friend, Ferdinand David to be the orchestra's concertmaster
Felix wrote to David "I should like to write a violin concerto for you next winter. One in E minor runs through my head, the beginning of which gives me no peace.
premiered in Leipzig on March 13, 1845
Instrumentation Violin, Orchestra
Solo Instrument — violin
2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons
2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, strings