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Subarctic people

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Gloria Song

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Subarctic people

Subarctic people A:They made canoes, snowshoes, toboggans and baby backpacks.
Lightweight, birchbark canoes were used in the summer and were used for travelling. In winter, they travelled on the frozen rivers or across country with their rawhide and wood snowshoes and wooden toboggans. Q: What did they make? Q: What did they eat? Rite of passage is when a boy spent up to four days alone in the forest without food or water.His mind,body, and spirit were thought to become connected, and his guardian spirit, usually an animal, was revealed to him.
While he waited for his vision, he learned about the world by watching everything around him. Q: What is rite of passage? By: Gloria, Adela, Tom Subarctic A: The Subarctic people occupied a majority of Canada from Yukon to Newfoundland, including parts of seven provinces and two territories. Subarctic people speak Algonquian. Nations included the Cree, Ojibwa and Innu. The density of the Subarctic human population was among the lowest in the world. The entire area probably had as few as 60 000 people. Weather changes were extreme and hunting game animals depended on seasons and were scarce, making life hard for many. Their peoples were fishermen, hunters and gatherers. Picture of the Subarctic Q.Who they were? Q:What did they live in? A:They lived in wigwams which were covered with bark or rush mats. A picture of a Wigwam Environment Three-quarters of the area lay on the Canadian Shield,
Hudson Bay and Mackenzie River Lowlands. It is full of lakes and
rivers. Winters were long and harsh but forest cover and
snow provided shelter for people and animals. Temperature often reaches -40°c in winter but can rise to 30°c in summer. Canadian Shield is orange! Let's follow the footprint of the Subarctic!! AAAGGGTTT Picture of the canoe. Q: What was their transportation? Their transportation was canoes(summer), snowshoes and toboggans
(winter), Canoes were used for fishing. Snowshoes were used for walking easily in snow. And toboggans were used for travelling. Picture of the toboggon Family The family unit was bighly valued among the Subaractic
peoples. Each family was independent. But usually guouped
with another family for huntig and ceremany purpose. A
young man usually lived at first with his wife's parents then
established his own residence and then wealth permitting, he
obtained additional wives. Picture of the snowshoes They ate plants routes, moose, deer, beaver, elk, rabbits, maple syrup and birds. Picture of the deer Picture of the elk - Clothing Northern forest natives wore soft-tanned hide moccasins, leggings, shirts and coats in the summer. A short Vtailed summer slippover caribou skin tunic was worn by the Pacific Athapascans and was decorated with dyed porcupine quills, dentalium and beads made from seeds. Sometimes leggings with moccasins were attached to the slippover. Winter sleeping robes were made of rabbit skins cut into strips twisted and woven together. Picture of the Subarctic clothes - Hunting tools Hunters used bows, arrows, traps, snares, and deadfalls. For hunting caribou, a drift fence and pound were used. Women were skilled in preparing meat for drying hide, tanning, sewing, cooking and making storage containers made of skins or birchbark. They also used coiled spruce root for basketry and made fishnets from willow baste or birch. Picture of the hunting tools Quiz time!! Q: What is rite of passage?? Q: How many quarters of the area lay on the Canadian Shield?? Q: What were the Subarctic people's jobs?? THE END Answer time!! 1A: 3 quarters. 2A: Boy spent up to four
days in the forest without water and any food. 3A: Fishermen, hunter and gather. and
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