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The evolution of drama

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by

Flavia Sicali

on 19 September 2016

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Transcript of The evolution of drama

The medieval theatre
The origins of drama
minstrel
Elizabethan ages
Pageant wagons:
(Gilds of art)
Greek chorus
first function: to narrate
after: chorus ideal spectator
By Flavia Sicali
The evolution of drama: from the origins to Shakespeare

circular orchestra
1 entrance for actors
built on natural hill'slopes
the cult of dionysius was the first form of drama:
originated in Asia minor in 1200 B.C.
human and animal sacrifices, alcoholic intoxication
ecstasis: an altered mental state
dhityramb:choric hymn with dancers and singer
action in the orchestra or on stage

half circular orchestra
3 entrance for actors
built on flat plans
ritual sense
lyric mood ( chanting and dance)
passion
intermediary between the audience and the actors

Chorus
Parades: beginning
Exodus: ending
unpaid volunteers
N° reduced
N° actors increased
The unities:
rules of drama ( Aristotle's Poetics)
unity of action: 1 main action
unity of place: single physical space
unity of time: 24 hours
Roman theatre
Greek theatre
square / court
songs and stories
pagan: church againist him
Holy scripture performed
inside
the Church
outside
medieval drama was very complex
The Register
The Keeper of the Register
The Master of Secrets
Fixed

Religious Plays :
Mistery (Christ - Old testament)
Miracle (lives of saints - legendary)
Morality (allegories)
Cycles: York, Wakefield, Coventry, Chester
Medieval
Plays:
They were moving from town to town
could not pay the inns
did shows in these places to pay
Inn-yards
Open air Amphitheaters
Playhouses
Curiosity:
In 1576 the first Amphitheatre was built in Shoreditch, called 'The Theatre'.

After laws against nomads the Gilds must be protected by a gentleman.
The Globe theatre
It was built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, and was destroyed by fire on 1613.

Circular structure
3 stories high
small straw thatched roof
flying flag
It was the theatre were Shakespeare performed many of his plays.
A new Globe theatre was built on the same place.
This structure is the model for the Opera House
It was founded in 1594 under the patronage of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (court entertainments)
1596 under the patronage George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon it was known as Lord Hunsdon's Men.
When George Carey became Lord Chamberlain on 1597 it reverted on its previous name.
The company became the King's Men in 1603 when King James became the company's patron.
1564
1582
1584
1593
1596
1600
1605
1616
1622
William Shakespeare
He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in April
He married Anne Hathaway
He went in London
Historical drama
Tragedies
Comedies
He died
He spent the rest of his...
... life in Stratford
First folio
1590
Grammar school
1580
He was a playwright, a poet an actor and a shareholder.
He coined new words and phrases ( created visual world for theatre audiences )
His sonnets were published in 1609
( 3 quatrains and a final couplet )
To a "fair youth"
theme of "increase"
To a "dark lady"
Comedian
marital and romantic misunderstandings
end with marriages
preoccupation (state of virginity - marriage)
Tudors' chronicles
civil wars between the Houses of York and Lancaster
sort of the nation

Historian
Tragic playwright
statements about many aspects of human life
nature of political power
problem of the powerful (world that was changing)
Macbeth
The tempest
Romeo and Juliet
regicide
reversal of value
sense of guilt
connection about love and death
the fate
love is cause of violence
Shakespeare's plays
Chorus
prologue
epilogue
anticipated the story
apology: limitation of the stage, appeals for the audience to use the imagination
single character
iambic pentameter

small place
20-30 characters
story (no religious or public meaning)
Characteristics of his plays:
Simultaneous staging was a distinctive characteristic of medieval theatre.
• Mansions set up in available spaces (courtyards, town squares, etc.), usually arranged in straight lines or rectangles or circles, depending on the space.


Almost all the scenes had Heaven on the right, Earth on the middle and Hell on the left.

(teach or reinforce Church doctrine)
were surrounded by balconies which led to the rooms ;
capacity: 500
during the Summer months
public outdoor structure
capacity: 1500 and 3000 people.
Winter Season
allowed for the nobility
Farce (very popular)
Moralities (allegories - classical gods and heroes)
Miming and disguising (danced and narrated stories)
Interludes and Masques (banquet - masques were allegorical- intricate dances and spectacle)

forgiveness
element of magic as theatrical illusion
relationship between native and invaders
power given from supernatural knowledge
Full transcript