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The evolution of drama
Transcript of The evolution of drama
The origins of drama
(Gilds of art)
first function: to narrate
after: chorus ideal spectator
By Flavia Sicali
The evolution of drama: from the origins to Shakespeare
1 entrance for actors
built on natural hill'slopes
the cult of dionysius was the first form of drama:
originated in Asia minor in 1200 B.C.
human and animal sacrifices, alcoholic intoxication
ecstasis: an altered mental state
dhityramb:choric hymn with dancers and singer
action in the orchestra or on stage
half circular orchestra
3 entrance for actors
built on flat plans
lyric mood ( chanting and dance)
intermediary between the audience and the actors
N° actors increased
rules of drama ( Aristotle's Poetics)
unity of action: 1 main action
unity of place: single physical space
unity of time: 24 hours
square / court
songs and stories
pagan: church againist him
Holy scripture performed
medieval drama was very complex
The Keeper of the Register
The Master of Secrets
Religious Plays :
Mistery (Christ - Old testament)
Miracle (lives of saints - legendary)
Cycles: York, Wakefield, Coventry, Chester
They were moving from town to town
could not pay the inns
did shows in these places to pay
Open air Amphitheaters
In 1576 the first Amphitheatre was built in Shoreditch, called 'The Theatre'.
After laws against nomads the Gilds must be protected by a gentleman.
The Globe theatre
It was built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, and was destroyed by fire on 1613.
3 stories high
small straw thatched roof
It was the theatre were Shakespeare performed many of his plays.
A new Globe theatre was built on the same place.
This structure is the model for the Opera House
It was founded in 1594 under the patronage of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (court entertainments)
1596 under the patronage George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon it was known as Lord Hunsdon's Men.
When George Carey became Lord Chamberlain on 1597 it reverted on its previous name.
The company became the King's Men in 1603 when King James became the company's patron.
He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in April
He married Anne Hathaway
He went in London
He spent the rest of his...
... life in Stratford
He was a playwright, a poet an actor and a shareholder.
He coined new words and phrases ( created visual world for theatre audiences )
His sonnets were published in 1609
( 3 quatrains and a final couplet )
To a "fair youth"
theme of "increase"
To a "dark lady"
marital and romantic misunderstandings
end with marriages
preoccupation (state of virginity - marriage)
civil wars between the Houses of York and Lancaster
sort of the nation
statements about many aspects of human life
nature of political power
problem of the powerful (world that was changing)
Romeo and Juliet
reversal of value
sense of guilt
connection about love and death
love is cause of violence
anticipated the story
apology: limitation of the stage, appeals for the audience to use the imagination
story (no religious or public meaning)
Characteristics of his plays:
Simultaneous staging was a distinctive characteristic of medieval theatre.
• Mansions set up in available spaces (courtyards, town squares, etc.), usually arranged in straight lines or rectangles or circles, depending on the space.
Almost all the scenes had Heaven on the right, Earth on the middle and Hell on the left.
(teach or reinforce Church doctrine)
were surrounded by balconies which led to the rooms ;
during the Summer months
public outdoor structure
capacity: 1500 and 3000 people.
allowed for the nobility
Farce (very popular)
Moralities (allegories - classical gods and heroes)
Miming and disguising (danced and narrated stories)
Interludes and Masques (banquet - masques were allegorical- intricate dances and spectacle)
element of magic as theatrical illusion
relationship between native and invaders
power given from supernatural knowledge