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Transcript of Tobacco
Before 1492: First used by Native Americans.
1492: Christopher Columbus discovers tobacco.
1518: Spanish introduce tobacco to Europe.
1531: Cultivation of tobacco had begun in Europe.
16th century: Tobacco spread across England and Europe/tobacco arrived in the Ottoman Empire.
1700: A tobacco industry had started.
18th century: Tobacco arrived in Australia. Following the arrival of Europeans, tobacco became one of the primary products fueling colonization, and also became a driving factor in the African slave labor. It wasn't until 1518 that tobacco was introduced to Europe by the Spanish. Tobacco as a commercial drug first arrived in the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. Mind if we join? When tobacco first arrived in the Ottoman Empire, it attracted the attention of doctors and became a commonly prescribed medicine for many ailments. Tobacco smoking first reached Australian shores when it was introduced to Northern dwelling Indigenous communities in the early 18th century. By this time, tobacco had already spread worldwide. Signs of Over dose Although rare, it is possible to overdose on the nicotine in tobacco, leading to some harmful effects. If you do overdose on the nicotine in tobacco, you'll experience feelings of dizziness, vomiting, a rapid increase of blood pressure and heart rate, stomach pains and cold sweats. Like this In some serious cases, people have died from convulsions or respiratory failure from overdoses of tobacco. Only sixty milligrams of nicotine in tobacco taken orally can be fatal for an adult. Treatment Research has shown that nicotine replacement therapies (e.g. transdermal patches, gum and lozenges) may be useful for people trying to give up smoking. Medicines such as and
can help some people cope with physical withdrawal symptoms. However, such medications are only of use during the period of withdrawal. (usually up to two weeks) In most cases, psychological dependance must also be addressed. Psychological intervention support groups or even self-help books can be very helpful. For more information on quitting smoking, contact Quit on 13 78 48 or see your GP for further advice and support. (That is, if you smoke). Short term effects Long term effects - Heart rate/blood pressure - Flow of oxygen and blood supply - Colds/coughs + irritation of allergies - Stimulates then reduces brain activity - Irritates eye + throat - Sensation of taste and smell - Physical Endurance - Narrowing/hardening of blood cells in heart, brain, ect. - Many diseases and Cancers - Physical Endurance - Premature wrinkling and staining of teeth - Chance of stroke - Loss of money, ie, going poor Did you know? - There are currently 1.1 Billion smokers in the world today! That's nearly 1 in every 7 people!
- On average, 10 million cigarettes are bought every minute!
- There is enough nicotine in 4 or 5 cigarettes to kill an average adult if ingested whole.
- Worldwide 1 in 5 teens between the age of 13 - 15 smoke cigarettes. Is that you?
- On average, every 8 seconds, a human is lost to tobacco, ie, dies. Bibliography Books 'Tobacco', How Drugs Effect You, Series 12, Australian Drug Foundation, 2011 'Tobacco Smoking' Volume 329 by Justin Healey 2011 'A quick guide to drugs and alcohol' by Matthew Dunn 2011 Websites http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetails.aspx?p=240&np=158&id=2108 http://www.uhs.hku.hk/he/smoke/health effect-eng.htm http://cornwall.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=7130 'Tobacco', How Drugs Effect You, Series 12, Australin Drug Foundation, 2011 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco http://chemistry.about.com/b/2012/05/24/does-nicotine-aid-weight-loss.htm T H T H That's him!