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Transcript of Feudal Europe
The feudal system spread throughout Europe in the 800s
Transition into the Renaissance
Renaissance began in Europe around 1350, so what happened between ~800 and ~1350?
Factors that brought about the Renaissance
1. The decline of feudalism
2. The impact of the Crusades (a massive religious war between the Christians and Muslims- one major effect is that new ideas from the Eastern civilizations met with the West)
3. Wealth and prosperity ($$ to patronize scholars and artists)
The social system in medieval Europe
Early kings in the 900s were unable to protect their massive empires from invaders. Nobles had to defend their own lands. To do this, they needed knights
By the 1000s, feudalism had spread to Italy, Germany, Spain and England
increased trade with other kingdoms
Trade and commerce brought people and civilizations closer to one another
Dirty conditions meant the spread of disease on these trade routes
Fleas on rats.
1/3 of Europeans died. Who's going to work the land for the nobles?
The need for workers was high...workers demanded money and rights.
This brought about the decline of feudalism
"The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts of the body. Few recovered. Almost all died within three days, usually without any fever."
The bubonic plague, or Black Death, swept the globe from 1347-1351, killing 24 million Europeans (1/3 of Europe's population)
In the 1200s, towns were growing. Larger towns (1,000 people and counting) grew into cities.
The King gave land to the nobles in exchange for money and knights
Vassals and knights lived on the nobles' land in exchange for military protection,
Peasants lived on their lord's land in exchange for labor and a share of the food