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History Test 1

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by

cade weatherly

on 28 February 2011

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Transcript of History Test 1

English Revolution Enlightenment American French Latin (1688-1689) Glorious Revolution
because there was no bloodshed
jamaes II jsut fled
william of Orange, and Mary limited monarchs -Taxes and Trials
Magna Carta 1215
Petition of right 1629
(both were forced upon the king, and neither really accomplished much)

-Increased impowerments in Parliament int the Revolution

-Henry VIII and Elizabeth Anglican Church-->divorce-->catholic church disagreed--> new church born WHEN CAUSES KEY DEMANDS OUTCOMES COURSE OF EVENTS -Fair Trials

-Taxes via Parliament
They wanted parliament to controlt he taxes and not the king alone
because at this point Absolutist controlled everything -No More Absolutism
-Limited Monarchs
-Englands Bill of Rights
-lawful to keep arms
-free speech in Parliament
-No excessive bail ofr cruel/unusual punishment


England's Last Revolution M.C. 1215
made king sign to give them fair trials and taxes
P o R 1629
Charles I
Ignored the Petition of Right and ticked off the scottish presby's
Interregnum of Oliver cromwell 1653-1658
basically a political Dictator
advocated religious tolerance (but not anglicans or Catholics)
Brutal wars agains scotts and irish
He died/his son took over
Stuarts restoredd 166o-1685
Charles II period of Restoration
1685 James II
Ruled for 3 Years and then was Ousted (because he was Catholic)
therefore for he lost support of Parliament, military, church
1688-1689 Glorious Revolution
Why -unwritten constitution
-religious toleration (protestantsonly) 1600-1750 Renaissance-humanism
reason is the source of all truth Reform
Freedom of Though
Natural Laws in Society

Religious toleration French and American Revolution Locke
(1632-1704) Rousseau
(1712-1778) Montesquieu
(1689-1755) Adam Smith Written Works Ideals Used by Two Treatises of
Government (1690) Spirit of the Laws (1748) The Social Contact (1762) Wealth of Nations (1775) 1775-1783 Westward restriction
Quartering

Geographic-colonies far from England
Economic-resources supply, free trade restricted
Political-No Representation

War Debts=more taxes

suger Tax 1764
Stamp Tax 1765
glass, lead, paper, tea 1767
Boston Massacre 1770
Tea Parties 1773 (Boston, NY Charleston) Continental Congress 1774
Lexington and Cononcord 1775
Revolution war 1776-1781
Treaty of Paris 1783
Constitutional Convention 1789
ratified 1789
1780 3/5 compromise
Representation,
then independence Thomas Payne (Common Sense)

Brit. Lost colonies
American disunified
1st republic -"blank slate" tabula rosa
-change the instituion by firing the person
-equality of man
-need a government of protection
secular contract with Consent
life, liberty, & property -"separation of powers, checks and balances
Judicial, Legislative, Executive
-challanges Absolutism
-not a proponent of democracy
nobles, not commoners, in charge -lone proponent of democracy
-government by social contract, not a king
-citizens hold obedience and sovereignty
make the rules &maked the rules and obey them 10 short answer fill in the blank=1 point each (10%)
3 short essays= 10 points each (30%)
1 out of 2 long essays=60 pts (60%) -Father of Capitalism (free market trade)
-Natural Laws in economy
assembly line (specialization)
all about consumer France-Equality of man, "Natrual Rights of Man"
America- life, liberty..., consent of governed American Revolution-checks and balances
France- courts limit royal power American- democratic, republic,
people make the laws and obey them too Everybody Revolution- attempt to completely change social, economic political and ideological functions...of a society 7 yrs war (French and Injun)
war debts--> tax colonies
-Sugar (1764), Stamp (1765)
house solidiers to protect from injuns (QA)
Protests: Sugar down, Stamp=poof! (1766)
Tax glass, lead, paper and tea (1767)
Boston Massacre (1770)
repeal '67 tax 7 tea-->get BEIC balied
Boston Tea Party (1773)
Coercive Acts (1773)
officials appointed, increase in government power, shut down harbor, decreased town meetings
unite colonist
Stock Piles raid (1775)-->Lex & Con.
Continental Congress (1774)
Revolution Started (1775-1781)
1775--> CC meet regularly
Declaration of Independnece (July 4, 1776)
British surrender @ Yorktown
Art of Confederatation (1781)
13 independaent countries lossely united
no levy tax, no continuous roads, no Supreme court
Constitiution (1787) & Bill of Rights (1791)
Separtion of Powers
Republic
GW=President (1789) 1787-1799 Enlightenment American Revolution French Problems Social Inequality
-3 estates (95% in #3)
King vs. Nobility
-weak monarchy
King vs. Parlements
-Tax Reforms 1787(unfair tax)
King called in Estates General

Abbe Sieyes "What is the 3rd Estate?" War Debt (7 years War)
LaFayette Locke-equality of man "Natural Rights"

Montesquieu-courts limit royal powers; separation of powers Causes/Courses/Consequences Moderate Phase (1787-1791)
Louis XVI --> tax reform (1787)
Parl=no way
King btings in the people
Estates General (1787-1789)
Abbe Sieyes=" What is the 3 estate"
want basic ideals NOT= Radical Change
*Limit king. Separation of Powers. Regular EG
Versailles--> get stuck (deadlock over voting)
-want meet 1 body ; 1 mon 1vote
commoners space taken --> Tennis Court
-joined by some of 1Estate & 2Estate =National Assembly
Tennis Court Oath--> will not leave til constitution
Storming of Bastille (1789), Independence Day
kind protect National Assembly--> peeps think that he is trying to crush revolution
peeps raid Bastille, guards fire and kill 98 people
cut off prison head's head, parades around city (mayor too)
Great Fear in Countryside--> peasants raid nobles
nobles flee or surrender
"Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizens"
October Days :woman & angry mob march on Versailles
Royal Family--> Paris (@ mercy of mob)
Louis XVI-->Austria (1791), gets caught (loses his power)
Constitution signed 1791
National Assembly dissolve-->elec 4 Legislative Assembly Lasting Reforms
-Declaration of Rights
-Ended Feudalism a priveleges
-Rationalized Administration
-Free Trade
-Church subordinated to state
-Constituiton-constitutional monarchy
-broad vote spectrum
(men with property) Radical Phase (92-94)

Export Reforms -->Declare War
Austria and Prussia
No strong army
blame on royal family
Storming the Tuileries (sans-culottes)
militia attack, 600 sq dead, royal family hid in closet
LA--> house arrest on Louis XVI
LA dissolve-->National Convention (universal suffering)
National Convention: Jacobins vs Girondins (Louis=victim)
execute Louis (unfair trial-1795)
make committees
CPS: execute committee--> Reign of Terror
Robespeirre
draft National Army (citizen in arms)
spies--> cities make obey
Revolution leaders go against ideals
revolution Army ("Levee en masce")
-end Reign Of Terror
-"freedom, equality, brotherhood"

Reaction Phase
down LA --> "The Directory"
moderate view
Napoleon comes into Directory
--1803 crowns emporer of France (absolutism)
--Enlightened Despot: preserved French gains, unfair trials
--downfall: blockaide Britaitn, spanish ulcer, Waterloo
--exilied 2X
Lousis XVI's bro-->throne=limited monarch
--end of Republic WHEN KEY DEMANDS OUTCOMES COURSE OF EVENTS WHEN KEY DEMANDS OUTCOMES COURSE OF EVENTS WHEN KEY DEMANDS OUTCOMES COURSE OF EVENTS CAUSES CAUSES CAUSES 1764=Sugar
1765=Stamp
1766=S and S
1767=Glass, lead, paper, tea
1767=repeal tea bail out BEIC
1770=Boston Massacre
1773=Tea Parties (boston, NY, Charleston)
1773=Coercive acts
1775=Stock Piles Raided
1774=Continentel Congress
1775-81=Revolution
1775=CC meets regularly
July 4, 1776=Dec. of Ind.
1781=Articles of Confederation
1787=Constitution
1791=Bill of Rights
1789=GW pres. D
E
R
F
C
C
B
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