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Transcript of Serbian Revolution
Serbians wanted their independence from the Ottoman Empire Who:
Serbians and Ottoman Empire soldiers
1804-1817 1st phase (1804-1813):
Ottoman sultans (or rulers) placed Janissaries (household troops or bodyguards) in Serbia.
Serb leaders started made secret plans to try and get rid of the Janissaries.
When the dahias (Janissary leaders) found out about the plan they murdered tens of Serbian noblemen in the main square of Valjevo on February 4, 1804 known today as the Massacre of Serbian knights.
This outraged the Serbian people and brought them together.
During this time the people also decided to make the uprising about freedom of religion because the Ottoman Empire was a Muslim state so they did not provide Serbians with places to worship anything else.
Serbs stopped paying taxes to the empire.
Serbians burned down Turkish businesses
This first uprising lasted for 10 years. However the Ottoman Empire attacked Serbia and Serbia was defeated. 2nd phase (1814):
Hadzi Prodan Gligorijevic took part in the first uprising and he tried to start another uprising.
The plan was called the Hadzi Prodan revolt. However, that failed too and he fled to Austria to avoid being arrested. The third and final phase of the revolution is known as the Second Serbian Uprising (1815-1817). Karadorde Petrovic, a leader in the first uprising. Hadzi Prodan Gligorijevic There was a riot at a Turkish estate in 1814 and the Turkish authorities did not like this so they murdered many innocent Serbians. Serbs had been meeting and in March
of 1815 they decided on a new
revolt to overthrow the Ottoman
Empire. On April 23, 1815 the Second Serbian Uprising started with Milos Obrenovi as their leader. There was fighting all over the country in places such as: Ljubic, Cacak, Palez, Pozarevac and Dublje. Milos issued a policy of restraint. This meant that if Ottoman soldiers were captured they were not killed and if they were civilians then they were released. Milos announced that his goal was not independence but an end to abusive misrule. A little while after the uprising started, Milos tried to negotiate with the Ottoman governor, Marashli Ali Pasha. It wasn't until 1817 that Milos was able to force Pasha into an unwritten agreement. This ended the Second Serbian Uprising. Outcome:
This resulted in the Principality of Serbia. This means that Serbia was now ruled by a monarch even though it still had to pay a yearly tax to the Ottoman Empire. Milos or Karaore Petrovi was to become prince of Serbia but Milos really wanted it so by his orders Petrovi was assassinated. The Principality of Serbia was part of the Obrenovic Dynasty until 1842. In 1918 the name was changed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. However, in 2003 it turned into Serbia and Montenegro but then in 2006 they separated and Serbia is currently a parliamentary republic. Bibliography:
This event is important to us today because it was how the country of Serbia was created.
However, something that can be learned from this is that the more you try to force someone to do something, the more likely they are going to revolt.